Akilesapillai was born on March 7, 1853 in the town of Trincomalee, Sri Lanka. He was a trained teacher and also served as a Head Master of a School. Besides being a Tamil scholar, he was also fluent in English Language.
His most famous work is Thirukonasala Vaipavam, which is a writing on the history of Koneswaram Temple at Trincomalee. This was first published in 1952 by his brother V.Alahakone and was reprinted in 2000.