Usambara, mountains, c.70 mi (110 km) long and from 20 to 40 mi (30-60 km) wide, NE Tanzania. On its slopes, which rise to c.8,000 ft (2,440 m), coffee, sisal, tea, and cinchona are produced; rice is grown in the swampy foothills. The region was among the first in E Africa to be settled (1902) by European farmers.
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