The tail is characteristic, ending in either A) an enlarged rigid scale with two points, or more often an upper surface with a subcircular area covered with thickened spiny scales, or B) a much enlarged spiny plate. The ventral scales are much reduced in size. The body is cylindrical and covered with smooth scales.
|Genus||Taxon author||Species||Common name||Geographic range|
|Brachyophidium||Wall, 1921||1||Southern India in the Palni Hills.|
|Melanophidium||Günther, 1864||3||Southern India in the Peermade Hills in Kerala and the Anaimalai Hills in Tamil Nadu.|
|Platyplectrurus||Günther, 1868||2||Southern India and Sri Lanka.|
|Plectrurus||A.H.A. Duméril, 1851||4||Southern India.|
|Pseudotyphlops||Schlegel, 1839||1||Sri Lanka in central and southern Uva and Sabaragamuwa Provinces.|
|Rhinophis||Hemprich, 1820||12||Southern India and Sri Lanka.|
|Teretrurus||Beddome, 1886||1||Southern India in Wayanad, Travancore, Nalumukku, Oothu, the Manimuthar Hills (in the Western Ghats of Tirunelveli) and Nyamakad (in the Western Ghats of the Kerala Munnar Hills).|
|UropeltisT||Cuvier, 1829||23||Southern India and Sri Lanka.|
Digital Endocasts of the Cranial Cavity and Osseous Labyrinth of the Burrowing Snake Uropeltis woodmasoni (Alethinophidia: Uropeltidae)
Feb 26, 2010; The endocranial space, nerve pattern, and inner ear of a specimen of Uropeltis woodmasoni are described from digital endocasts...