Upogebia africana lives in a permanent burrow including turning chambers and two entrances. The large hairy first legs and the smaller second pair form a sieve used to strain detritus food from the water current created by the swimming limbs on the underside of the abdomen. When feeding the shrimp moves close to the opening of its burrow.
The nippers are equal-sized and subchelate (the 'thumb' is almost absent, the 'finger' bending back to meet it). The first two walking legs have a spine at the base, pointing inwards.
This shrimp is popular as fish bait, and considerable numbers are taken by means of 'prawn pumps'. This activity is additionally harmful to shrimp numbers as trampling collapses the tunnels and kills the inhabitants.
Adult length is up to 40 mm, and coloration is green-brown.
Oceanic dispersal barriers, adaptation and larval retention: an interdisciplinary assessment of potential factors maintaining a phylogeographic break between sister lineages of an African prawn.(Research article)(Report)
Dec 24, 2008; Authors: Peter R Teske [1,2,3]; Isabelle Papadopoulos [1,4]; Brent K Newman ; Peter C Dworschak ; Christopher D McQuaid...
Evidence for panmixia despite barriers to gene flow in the southern African endemic, Caffrogobius caffer (Teleostei: Gobiidae).(Research article)(Report)
Dec 01, 2008; Authors: Marlene Neethling ; Conrad A Matthee ; Rauri CK Bowie ; Sophie von der Heyden (corresponding author)...