The University of Florence
(Università degli Studi di Firenze
, UNIFI) is one of the largest and oldest universities
. It consists of 12 faculties
and has currently about 60,000 students enrolled.
The University of Florence evolved from the Studium Generale
, which was established by the Florentine Republic
in 1321. The Studium
was recognized by Pope Clement VI
in 1349, and authorised to grant regular degrees
. The Pope
also established that the first Italian faculty
would be in Florence
. The Studium
became an imperial university in 1364, but was moved to Pisa
in 1473 when Lorenzo the Magnificent
gained control of Florence
. Charles VIII
moved it back from 1497-1515, but it was moved to Pisa again when the Medici
family returned to power.
In 1859 it became the Istituto di Studi Pratici e di Perfezionamento, a year later it was recognized as a full fledged university by the government of the unified Italy. In 1923 the Istituto was officially denominated a University by the Italian Parliament.
These are the 12 faculties in which the university is divided:
Faculties are located in strategic areas, according to their subjects: the Faculty of Economics, Faculty of Law and the Faculty of Political Sciences are in the Polo delle Scienze Sociali (campus of social sciences), in the Novoli district.
The Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, the Faculty of Pharmacology, and certain scientific and engineering departments are in the Careggi district.
The Faculty of Engineering is located at the S.Marta Institute, while the Faculty of Agriculture is in front of the Parco delle Cascine.
The Faculty of Mathematical, Physical and Natural Sciences is located in the Sesto Fiorentino district.
The Faculty of Architecture is in the Accademia di Belle Arti, where the David by Michelangelo is as well.
The Faculties of Psychology, Literature and Philosophy, and Pedagogy are in the centre of Florence, but the first two will be moved in the near future to the Polo delle Scienze Sociali in the Novoli district.
- Giovanni Sartori, political scientist, professor of "Political Science", born in 1920 in Florence.
- Giovanni Spadolini, historian and important Italian politician, professor of "Contemporary History", born in 1925 in Florence.
- Sandro Pertini, politician, seventh President of the Italian Republic, received his Political Science degree from the University of Florence.
- Mario Luzi, poet, professor of "French language and Literature".
- Piero Calamandrei, jurist, professor in the faculty of Law, born in 1889.
- Luigi Biggeri, president of ISTAT. Graduated in 1963.
- Mario Draghi, Governor of the Banca d'Italia, has been a professor of Monetary Economics in the faculty of Political Science from 1981 to 1991.
- Giovanni Andrea Cornia, UNICEF Senior Economist from 1981 to 1989, currently director of the IRPET and professor in the faculty of Economics.
- Leonardo da Vinci carried out studies on anatomy at the Santa Maria Nuova Hospital in the center of town which is today a teaching hospital affiliated with the University of Florence
Points of interest