In metaphysics, epistemology, and logic, a general category, such as a property or relation, considered as distinct from the particular things that instantiate or exemplify it. The problem of universals concerns the question of what sort of being should be ascribed to such categories (e.g., is there any such thing as redness apart from particular red things?). The debate over the status of universals stems from Plato's theory of forms. Whereas Plato held that forms (universals) exist independently of particulars, Aristotle argued that forms exist only in the particulars in which they are exemplified. Seealso realism.

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Standard bar code used to identify grocery and other retail merchandise. In the UPC system, the five digits on the left are assigned to a particular manufacturer or maker and the five digits on the right are used by that manufacturer to identify a specific type or make of product.

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Universal is a town in Clinton Township, Vermillion County, Indiana, United States. The population was 419 at the 2000 census.


Universal is located at (39.621636, -87.453043).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.3 square miles (0.7 km²), all of it land.


As of the census of 2000, there were 419 people, 184 households, and 117 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,477.5 people per square mile (577.8/km²). There were 207 housing units at an average density of 729.9/sq mi (285.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 99.52% White, 0.24% African American and 0.24% Native American. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.95% of the population.

There were 184 households out of which 28.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.9% were married couples living together, 7.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.4% were non-families. 31.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.86.

In the town the population was spread out with 22.0% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 32.7% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 14.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 94.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.4 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $36,042, and the median income for a family was $39,327. Males had a median income of $28,068 versus $25,500 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,930. About 6.0% of families and 9.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.3% of those under age 18 and 6.3% of those age 65 or over.


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