The term "federalist
" describes several political beliefs around the world. It also has reference to the concept of federalism
or the type of government
called a federation
In Latin America
the term "Federalist" is used in reference to Argentina
. Federalists were in opposition to the Unitarians
in Argentina and Centralists
in Colombia in the early 1800s.
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, in regard to the National Question
, defends the concept of Quebec remaining within Canada
, while either keeping the status quo
or pursuing greater autonomy and constitutional recognition of a Quebec nation
, with corresponding rights and powers for Quebec within the Canadian federation. This ideology is opposed to Quebec sovereigntism
, proponents of Quebec independence, most often (but not for all followers) along with an economic union with Canada similar to the European Union.
The United States
In the United States
the term federalist
usually applies to a member of one of the following groups:
In contemporary usage, as articulated by president Bush
's New Federalism
, federalists advocate the principle of greater regional autonomy within the United States—usually by allowing individual states to set their own agendas and determine the handling of issues, rather than trying to impose a nationally uniform solution.
The Federalist Society for Law & Public Policy Studies is an organization of conservative and libertarian lawyers and others dedicated to debate of these principles.
The World Federalist Movement. "World federalists support the creation of democratic global structures accountable to the citizens of the world and call for the division of international authority among separate agencies."