The 1905 Unemployed Workmen Act was first passed by the Conservative Party (UK)
in 1903 and was later renewed by the Liberal Party (UK)
in 1905. The Unemployed Workmen Act established Distress Committees which gave out single grants to businesses or local authorities in order to allow them to hire more workers, which in turn decreased the number of people out of work. However, those with a criminal record were not given the opportunity to work in the businesses that were given grants.