, or Recognizing Taiwan
, is the junior high school textbook
which has been used since 1997 in Taiwan
(Republic of China
). Know Taiwan consists of three sections, social studies, history and geography (社會篇、歷史篇、地理篇).
Under the administration of the Kuomintang
(KMT), or the Chinese Nationalist Party, students in Taiwan had been taught the history of China
instead of Taiwanese local history in the postwar period. After Chiang Kai-shek
's demise, his son Chiang Ching-kuo
began to liberalize Taiwan's political system and he lifted martial law
in Taiwan in 1986. After Chiang Ching-kuo's death, Lee Teng-hui
, the first native Taiwanese President, continued to carry out the policy, and held the first direct presidential election in 1996
was released in 1996 and adopted as the junior high school textbook in 1997. This text book aroused much interest in Asia. The history section as being positioned as history of Taiwan
, and the era of Taiwan under Japanese rule
was introduced positively with objective fact and survey.