Unconscious competence

Four stages of competence

In psychology, the four stages of competence relate to the psychological states involved in the process of progressing from incompetence to competence in a skill:

  1. ; Unconscious incompetence:
  2. : The individual neither understands or knows how to do something, nor recognizes the deficit or has a desire to address it.
  3. : See also : Dunning-Kruger effect
  4. #
  5. ; Conscious incompetence:
  6. : Though the individual does not understand or know how to do something, he or she does recognize the deficit, without yet addressing it.
  7. #
  8. ; Conscious competence:
  9. : The individual understands or knows how to do something. However, demonstrating the skill or knowledge requires a great deal of consciousness or concentration.
  10. #
  11. ; Unconscious competence:
  12. : The individual has had so much practice with a skill that it becomes "second nature" and can be performed easily (often without concentrating too deeply). He or she can also teach it to others.

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