, the four stages of competence
relate to the psychological states involved in the process of progressing from incompetence to competence
in a skill
- ; Unconscious incompetence:
- : The individual neither understands or knows how to do something, nor recognizes the deficit or has a desire to address it.
- : See also : Dunning-Kruger effect
- ; Conscious incompetence:
- : Though the individual does not understand or know how to do something, he or she does recognize the deficit, without yet addressing it.
- ; Conscious competence:
- : The individual understands or knows how to do something. However, demonstrating the skill or knowledge requires a great deal of consciousness or concentration.
- ; Unconscious competence:
- : The individual has had so much practice with a skill that it becomes "second nature" and can be performed easily (often without concentrating too deeply). He or she can also teach it to others.