is a town and district of Niğde Province
in the Central Anatolia
region of Turkey
. It covers an area of 1,502 km², and the altitude is 1,427 m. Population is 32,928 of which 6,386 live in the town of Ulukışla.
The town of Ulukışla lies in a valley between the Medetsiz and Bolkar ranges of the Taurus Mountains, throughout history an important crossing from the Mediterranean to the plains of Konya and other parts of central Anatolia. This is a mountainous district and minerals including gold, silver, lead, coal and limestone have been mined here over the centuries. The climate is dry and the vegetation typical of the dry steppes of central Anatolia, summers are hot and dry, winters are cold and it snows. Wheat is grown in the valley.
There are burial mounds höyük
and other signs of occupation going back to the Hittites
and even earlier. The area was later occupied by Phrygians
, and Romans
. the tomb of Faustina, wife of Emperor Marcus Aurelius was found in the village of Başmakçı, and the baths of Çiftehan claim among their patrons Cleopatra
(in the time when she was living in Tarsus
). The Byzantines
had armies based here, and then Ulukışla remained an important town in the time of the Ottoman Empire
Ulukışla is a small market town in a rural area. The railway and the E5 highway from Adana
and the south-east of Turkey to Ankara
and the west pass through here. There is a technical college of Niğde University here.
Places of interest
- The therapeutic mineral baths of Çiftehan.
- The 17th century caravanserai of Öküz Mehmet Paşa, a classical example of the roadside havens built for journeys on the Silk Road to Iran and points east. The inspiration for Han Duvarları a famous poem by Faruk Nafiz Çamlıbel.
- Medetsiz mountain and other peaks in the Bolkar range are popular with climbers, and there are also caves and canyons for adventure sports.
Falling Rain Genomics, Inc Geographical information on Ulukışla, Turkey
. Retrieved on 2008-03-14..