A movement promoting Uigur independence has existed for many years, and there were attempts to establish an East Turkestan Republic in Xinjiang in the 1930s and 40s. Since the time of the Chinese Communist victory (1949) there have been sporadic antigovernment protests and violence and government antiseparatist crackdowns; in 1954 there was a Uigur uprising in Hotan, and in 2009 there was deadly street fighting between Uigurs and Chinese in Ürümqi. Today half of the population of Xinjiang (reorganized as the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region in 1955) is of Uigur descent; there they number about 8 million. Another 1 million Uigurs live in Central Asia and elsewhere.
See C. Mackerras, ed., The Uighur Empire (1968, repr. 1973).
Funeral Practices and Animal Sacrifices in Mongolia at the Uigur Period: Archaeological and Ethno-Historical Study of a 'Kurgan' in the Egyin Gol Valley (Baikal Region)
Dec 01, 1996; Funeral practices in central Eurasia Our knowledge of funeral practices among the ancient peoples of central Eurasia comes mainly...