New York Court of Appeals is the highest court in the U.S. state of New York. It was established in 1847, replacing the Court for the Correction of Errors and the Court of Chancery. The Court of Appeals consists of seven judges - one chief judge and six associate judges - who are now appointed by the governor to 14-year terms. Its 1842 Neoclassical courthouse is located in New York's capital, Albany.
In New York, the Chief Judge of the Court of Appeals is also the head of the court system's administration, and is thus also known as the Chief Judge of the State of New York. Currently, that is Chief Judge Judith S. Kaye.
The Court's most famous judge was Benjamin Cardozo, who was later appointed to the Supreme Court of the United States. Cardozo authored many landmark cases during his tenure, including Palsgraf v. Long Island Rail Road Co., MacPherson v. Buick Motor Co. and Wood v. Lucy, Lady Duff-Gordon.
During the late 20th century, the most famous judge on the Court of Appeals was Chief Judge Sol Wachtler, who was elected to the court in 1972 and appointed Chief Judge in 1985. He was renowned for the fine quality of his legal opinions. Wachtler's career ended disastrously in November 1992 when the FBI arrested him for stalking a wealthy woman with whom he had previously been having an affair.
Judges were elected to the court until 1995.
Another quirk that leads to confusion is in the titles of the jurists who sit on the court. In most states and the federal court system, members of the highest court are titled "Justices." In New York, the members of the Court of Appeals are titled "Judges," while those who preside in the Supreme Court are titled "Justices."