Definitions

U.S. Chess Federation

U.S. Chess Championship

The U.S. Chess Championship is an invitational tournament held to determine the national chess champion. Since 1936, it has been held under the auspices of the U.S. Chess Federation. Until 1999, the event consisted of a round-robin tournament of varying size. From 1999 to 2006, the Championship was sponsored and organized by the Seattle Chess Foundation (later renamed America's Foundation for Chess) as a large Swiss system tournament. AF4C withdrew its sponsorship in 2007. The 2007 event was held (again under the Swiss system) in Stillwater, Oklahoma.

Champions by acclamation 1845-1889

Years Champion Notes
1845-1857 Charles Stanley Defeated Eugène Rousseau in a match in 1845
1857-1871 Paul Morphy Won the first American Chess Congress in 1857
1871-1889 George Henry Mackenzie Won the 2nd, 3rd and 5th American Chess Congress

Match Champions 1889-1935

Solomon Lipschutz is regarded as the first US Champion of this period, as a result of being the top scoring American
at the 6th American Chess Congress, New York 1889. The following US Champions until 1909 were decided by matches.

Tournament champions 1936-

# Year Winner Notes
1 1936
2 1938
3 1940
- 1941 Match victory over I.A. Horowitz
4 1942 An uncorrected scoring error by the director allowed Reshevsky to tie for first with
Isaac Kashdan. Reshevsky won a playoff match against Kashdan 6 months later.
5 1944
- 1946 Match victory over Herman Steiner
6 1946
7 1948
8 1951
- 1952 Match victory over Herman Steiner
9 1954
- 1957 Match victory over Arthur Bisguier
10 1957/8
11 1958/9
12 1959/0
13 1960/1
14 1961/2
15 1962/3
16 1963/4
17 1965/6
18 1966/7
19 1968
20 1969
21 1972 After playoff 9 months later against Samuel Reshevsky and Lubomir Kavalek
22 1973
23 1974
24 1975
25 1977
26 1978
27 1980

28 1981
29 1983

30 1984
31 1985
32 1986
33 1987
34 1988
35 1989

36 1990 Knockout tournament
37 1991 Knockout tournament
38 1992
39 1993
40 1994 The only person to have held both the US and Soviet championships
41 1995

42 1996
43 1997
44 1998
45 1999
46 2000

47 2002
48 2003
49 2005 Tournament was played in 2004, but called the 2005 Championship, for legal reasons
50 2006
51 2007
52 2008

See also

References

External links

Search another word or see U.S. Chess Federationon Dictionary | Thesaurus |Spanish
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature
FAVORITES
RECENT

;