Turfan Prefecture (simplified Chinese: 吐鲁番地区; pinyin: Tulufán Dìqū; ) is located in eastern Xinjiang, China. It has an area of 69,324 km² and a population of 570,000 (2003).
According to the 2000 Census, of its inhabitants, 70.01% are Uyghur, 23.3% are Han, 6.38% are Hui, with the remainder belonging to other ethnicities.
Turpan Prefecture directly controls 1 county-level city
and 2 counties
- County-level City: Turpan city,
- County: Piqan County (鄯善县), Toksun County (托克逊县)