turkey, common name for a large game and poultry bird related to the grouse and the pheasant. Its name derives from its "turk-turk" call. Turkeys are indigenous to the New World; American fossils date back 40 million years to the Oligocene. The Mexican turkey, taken to Europe in the 16th cent. by the conquistadors, is the original of the domestic race. The wild eastern turkey, Meleagris gallapavo, was common in New England at the time of the Pilgrims, but has been exterminated there and now ranges from New York to Missouri. Commercial operations produced 260 million turkeys in the United States in 1989. Wild turkeys are woodland birds, gregarious except at breeding time. They are nonmigratory, although they are good fliers. Like pheasants, they are polygamous, and the male, who eats little during courtship, depends at this time on a fatty breast appendage for nourishment. The female alone builds the nest on the ground; she lays 8 to 15 eggs per clutch and also broods the young. The colorful ocellated turkey, Agriocharis ocellata is found in Central America. Turkeys are classified in the phylum Chordata, subphylum Vertebrata, class Aves, order Galliformes, family Meleagrididae.
Turkey is a town in Sampson County, North Carolina, United States. The population was 262 at the 2000 census.


Turkey is located at (34.992954, -78.184245).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.4 square miles (1.0 km²), all of it land.


As of the census of 2000, there were 262 people, 93 households, and 70 families residing in the town. The population density was 657.1 people per square mile (252.9/km²). There were 105 housing units at an average density of 263.3/sq mi (101.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 77.10% White, 18.70% African American, 1.53% Asian, 1.91% from other races, and 0.76% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.44% of the population.

There were 93 households out of which 31.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.5% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.7% were non-families. 22.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.82 and the average family size was 3.34.

In the town the population was spread out with 27.5% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 21.4% from 45 to 64, and 18.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 92.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $19,107, and the median income for a family was $23,125. Males had a median income of $35,313 versus $21,875 for females. The per capita income for the town was $10,622. About 25.8% of families and 35.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 49.2% of those under the age of eighteen and 51.7% of those sixty five or over.


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