is a fortune telling almanac book
published in Guangzhou
and Hong Kong
. It consists primarily of a calendar
based on the Chinese lunar year
originated from Wong lik
(黃曆, the yellow calendar), which is rumoured to have been founded by Huang Di
. It has changed its form numerous times throughout the years during all the dynasties; the latest version was said to have been edited by the Qing dynasty
and was called Tung Shu
(通書) between civilians.
Tung stands for All, Shu stands for book, so Tung Shu literally means A book that knows all. However, in Cantonese, the pronunciation of Shu resembles Sy, which means defeated, and so Tung Shu sounds like All defeated (通輸).
Therefore the name is changed to Tung shing, which means All won (通勝).
Most of the contents of the book deals with what is suitable to do on each day. Some Chinese families still follow these days for wedding ceremonies, funerals, etc.
Tung shing also provide a conversion of years and date between the lunar year and the common year. In more detailed versions, the calendar will list eclipses (both solar and lunar), the start of each season, and days when it will be cold or hot. It also teaches ethics and values through stories.
More recent versions even include English definitions and pronunciations written with Cantonese characters.
- Interpret one's fate
- Measure one's soul weight (requires Four Pillars of Destiny)
- Face reading and palm reading charts