The Chechen tukkhum
was a form of military-economic or military-political union of a group of teips
or tribal clans, combined together for joint decision making or defense from enemy attacks, trade and economic bartering.
The tribal union of tukkhums forms the kyam or the whole Chechen nation.
During the 16th and 17th centuries nine tukkhums, composed of separate teips were formed in Chechnya,
- Orstkhoy (Ershtkhoy),
- Cheberloy (Chebarloy),
- Sharoy, and