Tube feet function in locomotion and feeding. The tube feet in a sea star are arranged in grooves along the arms. They operate through hydraulic pressure. They are used to pass food to the ventral mouth at the center, and can attach to surfaces. A sea star that is overturned simply turns one arm over and attaches it to a solid surface, and levers itself the right way up.
Tube feet allow these different types of animals to stick to the ocean floor and move very slowly.
Tube feet consist of two parts: ampulla and podia. Ampulla contain both circular muscles and longitudinal muscle, whereas the podia contain the latter only. Thus the podia use suction to attach to the substratum.
Alterations in cholinergic signaling modulate contraction of isolated sea urchin tube feet: potential role of nitric oxide.
Oct 01, 1998; The tube feet of the sea urchin are contractile appendages that are important in anchoring, locomotion, and sensory perception....