Tsim Sha Tsui (尖沙咀 or 尖沙嘴), often abbreviated as TST, also known as Tsim Tsui (尖咀 or 尖嘴) by local people, is an urbanised area in the Yau Tsim Mong District in southern Kowloon, Hong Kong. Tsim Sha Tsui East is a piece of land reclaimed from the Hung Hom Bay east of Tsim Sha Tsui. The area is bounded north by Austin Road and in the east by Hong Chong Road.
Geographically, Tsim Sha Tsui is a cape on the tip of the Kowloon Peninsula pointing towards Victoria Harbour. Several villages had been established in this location before Kowloon was ceded to the British Empire in 1860. Tsim Sha Tsui in Chinese means sandy mouth. It was also known as Heung Po Tau (香埗頭), i.e. a port for exporting incense tree.
Tsim Sha Tsui is a major tourist hub in metropolitan Hong Kong, with many shops and restaurants that cater to tourists. Many of the museums in the territory are located in the area.
Tsim Sha Tsui is also a great place to watch Christmas lightings during December every year. Tall Buildings in the district will set up light bulbs on their walls with Christmas patterns, which is also a famous scene that is well known.
Historical maps in Ming or Qing Dynasty the channel between Tsim Sha Tsui and Central as Chung Mun (Pinyin: Zhong Men, 中門, lit. the middle gate) as it is located in the middle two other channels, Kap Shui Mun in the west and Lei Yue Mun in the east, in the harbour.
Before ceded to Britain in 1860, many villages were present in the area. Incense tree (Aquilaria sinensis) from New Territories were gathered at some quays in Tsim Sha Tsui and transferred to Shek Pai Wan in southern Hong Kong Island to be exported to rest of the world. It was thus known as Heung Po Tau, the fragrant quay.
In 1888, Star Ferry offered regular transport between Central and Tsim Sha Tsui, and the area has flourished ever since. The place has an international reputation for the large number of tiger sharks resident in the waters close by. Tsim Sha Tsui was a garden city exclusive for westerners in that era. In early 20th century, Chinese were allowed to live in the area in order to attract more people to trade in the colony. Garden houses were replaced with crowded residential blocks. Wharf and godown were built along the west shore. Major developers like Hormusjee Naorojee Mody and Catchick Paul Chater actively participated in the development of Tsim Sha Tsui.
The Kowloon-Canton Railway (British Section) commenced service on 1 October, 1910. Kowloon Station in Tsim Sha Tsui was built on the new southern reclamation from 1913 to 1915. The rails extended along the western reclamation parallel to Chatham Road, with old Hung Hom Station near the Gun Club Hill Barracks at the junction of Chatham Road and Austin Road. Another major road Salisbury Road was completed in approximately the same period. The landmark Peninsula Hotel was built on the reclamation in 1928, opposite to the station.
The Kowloon Station was relocated to a new Hung Hom Station in 1978. The whole station and rails were demolished except the landmark Clock Tower. Hong Kong Space Museum and later the Hong Kong Cultural Centre were erected on the site. The rails were replaced with New World Centre and other gardens in Tsim Sha Tsui East.
Tsim Sha Tsui remains tertiary sector from colonial days to present. In early colonial days, transport, tourism and trading are main business of the area. As port and rail facilities moved out of the area, the major industry falls on the later two. Tsim Sha Tsui, like Central, contains several centers of finance. After Kai Tak Airport closed, the height restrictions on buildings has dropped and now larger taller skyscrapers, parallel to those of central are in the beginning stages of development in the area.
Different ranks of hotels and inns are present in the area. Tourists and traders from six continents stays in the area.
Tsim Sha Tsui is one of places to find exotic restaurants in Hong Kong. Hillwood Road at the north of Observatory Hill concentrates restaurants of different national dishes. Knutsford Terrace on the other side of the hill is a terrace of pubs. Kimberley Street is famous for the Korean cuisine restaurants and grocery stores, especially after the advent of Korean Wave (韓流) in Hong Kong, which make the street nicknamed the Koreatown (小韓國). Located on Nathan Road, the Chungking Mansions is a major tourist attraction in Tsim Sha Tsui. Georgetown Parade is well known for its dog nose biscuits. These recognizable buildings were featured in the film Chungking Express, and are full of inexpensive guest houses, Indian restaurants, and money changers.
Kowloon Park is a popular destination, complete with swimming pools. Hong Kong Heritage Discovery Centre and Health Education Exhibition and Resources Centre are housed in the preserved and restored blocks of former Whitfield Camp.
The Tsim Sha Tsui waterfront is another popular destination for locals and tourists alike. It is especially popular for photographers, as it offers an unobstructed view of the Central area of Hong Kong across Victoria Harbour. The Star Ferry terminal is another popular attraction for tourists, and the Avenue of Stars is also popular with photographers.
Tsim Sha Tsui East (尖沙咀東 or simply 尖東) is an area east of Chatham Road South reclaimed from Hung Hom Bay in the 1970s. Many restaurants, office buildings and hotels are located in the area. The Tsim Sha Tsui East Promenade links the area with the Hong Kong Cultural Centre near the Clock Tower. In 2004, the East Rail Line returned to Tsim Sha Tsui. East Tsim Sha Tsui Station is an interchange station with Tsim Sha Tsui station on the Tsuen Wan Line. Unlike other East Rail Line stations, it is underground near Blackhead Point. An extensive tunnel system was built for pedestrians to access the most popular destinations in Tsim Sha Tsui. There is currently massive ground-level works taking place throughout several roads in the area, so the best way to access destinations is through the underground walkway.
Tsim Sha Tsui is served by the MTR Tsim Sha Tsui Station, on the . The was extended from Hung Hom to East Tsim Sha Tsui in late 2004, which is connected to Tsim Sha Tsui station with an extensive tunnel network.
|Route operator||Route number||Destination||Remarks|
|Star Ferry Bus Terminus|
|KMB||1||Star Ferry ↔ Chuk Yuen Estate|
|1A||Star Ferry ↔ Sau Mau Ping Central|
|2||Star Ferry ↔ So Uk|
|5A||Star Ferry ↔ Kowloon City Shing Tak Street||Peak hour service only|
|5C||Star Ferry ↔ Tsz Wan Shan Central|
|6||Star Ferry ↔ Mei Foo|
|6A||Star Ferry ↔ Lai Chi Kok|
|7||Star Ferry ↔ Lok Fu|
|8||Star Ferry ↔ MTR Kowloon Station||via Ho Man Tin|
|8A||Whampoa Garden ↔ Tsim Sha Tsui||Circular Route|
|8P||Laguna Verde ↔ Tsim Sha Tsui||Circular Route; Express|
|Laguna Verde → Tsim Sha Tsui East Mody Road||Special departures|
|9||Star Ferry ↔ Ping Shek|
|28||Lok Wah ↔ Tsim Sha Tsui East Mody Road||No bus stop at Star Ferry in Lok Wah bound|
|234P||Bayview Garden → Star Ferry||Morning peak hour single-way service|
|234X||Bayview Garden ↔ Tsim Sha Tsui East Mody Road||No bus stop at Star Ferry in Bayview Garden bound|
|CTB||N21||Star Ferry ↔ Airport||Overnight service|
|N21A||Star Ferry → Airport||Overnight service; via Tung Chung and Yat Tung|
|Tsim Sha Tsui East Mody Road Bus Terminus|
|KMB||5||Tsim Sha Tsui East Mody Road ↔ Fu Shan|
|8P||Laguna Verde → Tsim Sha Tsui Hankow Road||Special departure|
|28||Tsim Sha Tsui East Mody Road ↔ Lok Wah|
|234X||Tsim Sha Tsui East Mody Road ↔ Bayview Garden|
|East Tsim Sha Tsui Station Bus Terminus|
|MTR||K16||East Tsim Sha Tsui Stn. ↔ WR Nam Cheong Stn.|
|Canton Road Bus Terminus|
|KMB||271||Tsim Sha Tsui Canton Road ↔ Fu Heng|
|China Ferry Terminal Bus Terminus|
|KMB||3C||China Ferry Terminal ↔ Tsz Wan Shan North|
|14||China Ferry Terminal ↔ Yau Tong|
|238P||Riviera Gardens → China Ferry Terminal||Special departure; express|
|238X||China Ferry Terminal ↔ Riviera Gardens|
|270A||China Ferry Terminal ↔ Sheung Shui||Special departure|
|Tsim Sha Tsui East Bus Terminus|
|KMB||13X||Tsim Sha Tsui East ↔ Po Tat (omits Kai Yip)||Peak hours only|
|Tsim Sha Tsui East ↔ Po Tat (via Kai Yip)||Non-peak hours only|
|26||Tsim Sha Tsui East ↔ Shun Tin|
|35A||Tsim Sha Tsui East ↔ On Yam|
|41A||Tsim Sha Tsui East ↔ Cheung On|
|98D||Tsim Sha Tsui East ↔ Hang Hau North|
|98P||Hang Hau North → Tsim Sha Tsui East||Morning peak hour service|
|208||Tsim Sha Tsui East ↔ Broadcast Drive|
|CTB||973||Tsim Sha Tsui East ↔ Stanley|
|973P||Wong Chuk Hang → Tsim Sha Tsui East||Morning peak hour service|
|Other routes(via Tsim Sha Tsui)|
|KMB||2C||Yau Yat Tsuen ↔ Tsim Sha Tsui||Circular route|
|12||Sham Shui Po Tonkin Street → Tsim Sha Tsui||Circular route|
|63X||Jordan (Wui Cheung Road) ↔ Tin Tsz|
|81C||Hung Hom Railway Station ↔ Yiu On|
|81P||Sha Tin Wai → Tsim Sha Tsui (Chatham Road South)||Morning peak hour service|
|87D||Hung Hom Railway Station ↔ Kam Ying Court|
|203||Yau Yat Tsuen ↔ Tsim Sha Tsui East||Circular route|
|215X||Kowloon Railway Station ↔ Lam Tin Kwong Tin Estate|
|219P||Yau Tong → Laguna City → Tsim Sha Tsui → Laguna City||Morning peak hour service|
|219X||Laguna City ↔ Tsim Sha Tsui||Circular route|
|224X||Kai Yip ↔ Tsim Sha Tsui||Circular route; peak hour service|
|230X||Allway Gardens → Whampoa Garden||Morning peak hour service|
|237A||Kwai Shing Central → Tsim Sha Tsui||Morning peak hour service|
|242X||Cheung Hang → Tsim Sha Tsui||Morning peak hour service; return journey does not via Tsim Sha Tsui|
|252B||Handsome Court → Tsim Sha Tsui||Morning peak hour service|
|257B||Shan King → Tsim Sha Tsui||Morning peak hour service|
|259B||Tuen Mun Pier Head → Tsim Sha Tsui||Morning peak hour service|
|259C||Sun Tuen Mun Centre → Tsim Sha Tsui||Morning peak hour service|
|260A||Siu Hong Court → Hung Hom Railway Station||Morning peak hour service|
|260B||Tuen Mun Central → Tsim Sha Tsui||Morning peak hour service|
|260P||Shan King → Mong Kok||Morning peak hour service|
|260S||Lai Chack Middle School → Po Tin||Morning peak hour service|
|260X||Po Tin ↔ Hung Hom Railway Station|
|261B||Sam Shing → Tsim Sha Tsui||Morning peak hour service|
|267S||Siu Hong Court → Tsim Sha Tsui||Morning peak hour service|
|268B||Long Ping Railway Station ↔ Hung Hom Ferry|
|269B||Tin Shui Wai Town Centre ↔ Hung Hom Ferry|
|280P||Sui Wo Court → Tsim Sha Tsui||Morning peak hour service|
|281A||Kowloon Railway Station ↔ Kwong Yuen|
|296D||Jordan (Wui Cheung Road) ↔ Sheung Tak|
|N216||Hung Hom Railway Station ↔ Yau Tong||Overnight service|
|N241||Hung Hom Railway Station ↔ Cheung Hang||Overnight service|
|N271||Hung Hom Railway Station ↔ Fu Heng||Overnight service|
|N281||Hung Hom Railway Station ↔ Kam Ying Court||Overnight service|
|KMB / NWFB||110||Jordan (Wui Cheung Road) ↔ Shau Kei Wan|
|CTB||A21||Hung Hom Railway Station ↔ Airport||via AsiaWorld-Expo|
|R21||Laguna Verde ↔ Disneyland||Peak hours only|