A truth commission
or truth and reconciliation commission
is a commission tasked with discovering and revealing past wrongdoing by a government, in the hope of resolving conflict left over from the past. They are, under various names, occasionally set up by states emerging from periods of internal unrest, civil war
, or dictatorship
. South Africa
's Truth and Reconciliation Commission
, established by President Nelson Mandela
, is generally considered a model of Truth Commissions, rarely if ever achieved in other parts. As government reports, they can provide proof against historical revisionism
of state terrorism
and other crimes and human rights abuses
. Truth commissions are sometimes criticised for allowing crimes to go unpunished, and creating impunity
for serious human rights abusers.
List of truth and reconciliation commissions
As of September 2008, a Truth and Reconciliation Commission
has been proposed by the government. Its aim would be to "address people’s traumatic experiences during the five year ethnic conflict on Guadalcanal (1999-2004)
". It would be modelled on the Truth and Reconciliation Commission
of South Africa
. In late August 2008, Sam Iduri
, Minister for Peace and Reconciliation, introduced a Truth and Reconciliation Commission Bill to Parliament.
Under the "Framework Act on Clearing up Past Incidents for Truth and Reconciliation", the Commission’s purpose is to foster national legitimacy and reconcile the past for the sake of national unity by honoring those who participated in anti-Japanese movements and exposing the truth by investigating incidents regarding human rights abuses, violence, and massacres occurring since Japanese rule to the present time, specifically during the nation’s authoritarian regimes.