Tropical

tropical medicine

Science of diseases seen primarily in tropical or subtropical climates. It arose in the 19th century when European colonial doctors encountered infectious diseases unknown in Europe. The discovery that many tropical diseases (e.g., malaria, yellow fever) were spread by mosquitoes led to discovery of other vectors' roles (see sleeping sickness, plague, typhus) and to efforts to destroy vector breeding grounds (e.g., by draining swamps). Later, antibiotics came to play an increasingly important role. Research institutes and national and international commissions were organized to control common tropical illnesses, at least in areas with Europeans. As colonies became independent, their governments took over most of these efforts, with help from the World Health Organization and the former colonizing countries.

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Cross section of a tropical cyclone. A cyclone derives its power from the warm air and water found elipsis

Severe atmospheric disturbance in tropical oceans. Tropical cyclones have very low atmospheric pressures in the calm, clear centre (the eye) of a circular structure of rain, cloud, and very high winds. In the Atlantic and Caribbean they are called hurricanes; in the Pacific they are known as typhoons. Because of the Earth's rotation, tropical cyclones rotate clockwise in the Southern Hemisphere and counterclockwise in the Northern. They may be 50–500 mi (80–800 km) in diameter, and sustained winds in excess of 100 mph (160 kph) are common. In the eye, however, the winds drop abruptly to light breezes or even complete calm. The lowest sea-level pressures on Earth occur in or near the eye.

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Clase Z "Tropical" (Class Z Tropical) is a Cuban short film directed by Miguel Coyula. The film is a parody of Hollywood's action blockbusters using the typical trailer of a B-movie. The director deconstructs action melodrama formulas using the structure of a trailer. The movie contains frantic pacing, use of split screens, and dark humor, and the short gained notable popularity in Cuban Film Festivals where Coyula won several awards. The short is 6 minutes long and has been aired on Cuban TV Shows several times since its release in 2000. Coyula described the film a part of a series of experiments in genre the director made before completing the feature length Red Cockroaches.

Awards

  • FIPRESCI Award, Festival el Almacén de la Imagen, Cuba
  • Cinema Award, Festival el Almacén de la Imagen, Cuba
  • Best Experimental Film, Festival el Almacén de la Imagen, Cuba
  • Best Editing, Festival el Almacén de la Imagen, Cuba
  • Best Sound, Festival el Almacén de la Imagen, Cuba
  • Best Experimental Short, Festival Nacional de Video, Havana, Cuba.
  • Best Editing, Festival Nacional de Video, Havana, Cuba.
  • Best Sound, Festival Nacional de Video, Havana, Cuba.
  • Hermanos Saiz Award, Festival Nacional de Video, Havana, Cuba.

External links

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