In the Roman Catholic Church, a tribunal usually refers to literally one of three instances of ecclesiastical courts: (1) a diocesan tribunal (2) a provincial tribunal, that is, of more than one diocese and commonly referred to as an appellate court (3) the Sacra Rota Romana, or Sacred Roman Rota, the highest court of appeals.
Many bodies that are titled 'tribunals' are so described to emphasize the fact that they are not courts of normal jurisdiction. For example the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda is a body specially constituted under international law; in Great Britain, Employment Tribunals are bodies set up to hear specific employment disputes. Private judicial bodies are also often styled 'tribunals'. The word 'tribunal' is not conclusive of a body's function. For example, in Great Britain, the Employment Appeal Tribunal is a superior court of record.
Remembering John Carthy, with hope ; The Longford man's sister tells Alison Healy the tribunal of inquiry into his shooting may finally reveal the truth
Apr 17, 2003; Three years after John Carthy was shot dead in Abbeylara, his mother and sister still receive cards and letters from well-...
A guide to what the tribunal is all about ; Paul Cullen answers some basic questions about the Tribunal of Inquiry into Certain Planning Matters and Payments, which was set up in 1997
Sep 27, 2002; So what is this tribunal about? The Flood tribunal - its official name is the "Tribunal of Inquiry into Certain Planning Matters...