Tribals in Madhya Pradesh constitute a sizable population. The population of Tribals in Madhya Pradesh is 122.33 lakh constituting 20.27% of the total population of Madhya Pradesh (603.85 Lakh), according to the 2001 census. There were 46 recognized Scheduled Tribes and three of them have been identified as “Special Primitive Tribal Groups” in the State.
The differences in the tribal community, spread over in various parts of the state, is clearly seen not only on the basis of their heredity, lifestyle and cultural traditions, but also from their social, economic structure, religious beliefs and their language and speech. Due to the different linguistic, cultural and geographical environment, and its peculiar complications, the diverse tribal world of Madhya Pradesh has not only been largely cut-off from the mainstream of development.
|Name of tribe||Sub-tribe||Population (Census 1981)||Districts inhabited|
|Gond||Pardhan, Agariya, Ojha, Nagarchi, Solhas||5349883||All districts, mainly spread on both banks of Narmada River in Vindhyas andSatpura|
|Bhil||Barela, Bhilala, Patliya||2505888||Dhar, Jhabua, East Nimar|
|Baiga||Bijhwar, Narotia, Bharotiya, Nahar, Rai Bhaina, Kadh Bhaina||248949||Mandla, Balaghat|
|Korku||Movasiruma, Nahala, Vavari, Bodoya||66781||East Nimar, Hoshangabad, Betul, Chhindwara|
|Bharia||Bhumiya, Bhuihar, Pando||195490||Chhindwara, Jabalpur|
|Halba||Halbi, Bastariya, Chhatisgarhiya||236375||Balaghat|
|Kaul||Rohiya, Rauthail||123811||Rewa, Satna, Shahdol, Sidhi|
|Mariya||Abujh Mariya, Dandami Mariya, Metakoitur||195490||Jabalpur, Mandla, Panna, Shahdol, Chhindwara|
|Sahariya||-||261816||Guna, Shivpuri, Morena, Gwalior, Vidisha, Rajgarh|