Treaty of Vervins

Treaty of Vervins

Vervins, Treaty of, 1598, peace treaty signed at the small town of Vervins, Aisne dept., N France, by the representatives of Henry IV of France and Philip II of Spain. It ended the French Wars of Religion by obliging Philip to withdraw his troops from France, thus depriving the Catholic League of Spanish support. The Edict of Nantes (see Nantes, Edict of), which defined the rights of French Protestants, was signed in the same year.
The Peace of Vervins was signed between the representatives of Henry IV of France and Philip II of Spain on 2 May 1598, at the small town of Vervins in Picardy, northern France. Henry had declared war on Spain in 1595, and had recently promulgated the Edict of Nantes, on 13 April. This treaty brought the Wars of Religion in France to a practical end. Philip recognized the formerly Protestant Henry as King of France and withdrew his forces from the French territory they still occupied, depriving the remnants of the Catholic League of their support. Philip died on 13 September, but his heir Philip III respected the terms of the treaty. Carlo Emanuele, duke of Savoy, who had held back from the treaty, signed a separate Treaty of Lyon with Henry in 1601.

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