The tribunal was established on 1 July 1980. It replaced the Appeals Board constituted under section 87 of the Government Railways Act 1912 (NSW) or the Appeal Board constituted under section 114 of the Transport Act 1930 (NSW).
TAB hears and determines appeals against decisions relating to the discipline and promotion of NSW transport employees. Generally, these are employees of the New South Wales State Rail Authority, RailCorp, the State Transit Authority of New South Wales and Sydney Ferries.
In determining a promotional appeal, the board will determine who is the most meritous person.
There are limited rights of appeal to the Supreme Court of New South Wales and in some cases, no right of appeal.
The Governor of New South Wales may appoint a Chairperson of the Tribunal. The governor may also appoint Deputy Chairpersons. The current chairperson is Mr J Parkin.
The boards sit with three members. Either the chairperson or a deputy chairman presides. An employer's representative nominated by the employing authority and an employee's representative nominated by the relevant union or association of employees also sits.