Transfer Act of 1905

Transfer Act of 1905

The Transfer Act of 1905 transferred the forest reserves of the United States from the Department of Interior, General Land Office to the Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Forestry.

General information

On February 1st 1905, under the Leadership of Gifford Pinchot, the national forest reserves were transferred from the Department of Interior to the Department of Agriculture. Gifford Pinchot was the head of the Division of Forestry which was part of the Department of Agriculture. This transfer included over 63 million acres (250,000 km²) of forest reserves and over 500 employees. This was the first forestry law to be passed. This act was significant because it caused the National Forest Reserves shift roles, from a recreational role to a more scientific role. In March 1905, the Division of Forestry was re-named the United States Forest Service.


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