Trans Adriatic Pipeline
(TAP) is a proposed natural gas pipeline project to transport natural gas from Greece
Trans Adriatic Pipeline project was announced in 2003 by Swiss
energy company EGL Group. The feasibility study was concluded in March 2006. Two option were investigated: a northern route through Bulgaria
, Republic of Macedonia
, and a southern route through Greece and Albania, which considered to be more feasible. In March 2007, the extended basic engineering was completed. On 13 February 2008
EGL Group and StatoilHydro
signed an agreement to set up a joint project company to develop, build and operate the pipeline. In June 2008, the project company filed an application with the Greek authorities to build a pipeline from Thessaloniki
to the Greek-Albanian border.
The overall length of the pipeline is , of which the offshore section between Vlorë
in Albania and Lecce
in Italy is . The initial capacity of the pipeline will be about 10 billion cubic metres (bcm) of gas per annum, with the option to expand the capacity to 20 bcm. The pipeline would be supplied by natural gas from Caspian region
and the Middle East through the existing and planned gas transport networks in South-East Europe. StatoilHydro sees the pipeline as a possibility to transport natural gas from the Shah Deniz gas field
, in which StatoilHydro has a 25% stake, to the European market. On 4 June 2007
, EGL Group conducted a 25-year deal with the National Iran Gas Export Company (NIGEC) to deliver 5.5 bcm of natural gas per annum to Europe.
Construction is due to commence in 2008, and the pipeline is scheduled to become operational in 2011. The construction costs are expected to be about €1.5 billion.
The project would compete with the Greece-Italy pipeline project, developed by DEPA and Edison S.p.A., and with South Stream project announced by Eni and Gazprom.