Tokyo Akazukin

Adaptations of Little Red Riding Hood

The Little Red Riding Hood fairytale has often been adapted into a wide variety of media.

Literature and drama

Novels

  • Wolf by Gillian Cross (1990), winner of the 1991 Carnegie Medal. This is a very loose adaptation of the tale set in the modern day.
  • Caperucita en Manhattan by Carmen Martín Gaite (1990).
  • Lon Po Po: A Red-Riding Hood Story from China by Ed Young (1990).
  • Witches Abroad by Terry Pratchett (1991) parodies a number of fairy tales, including Little Red Riding Hood. In this version Granny Weatherwax and Nanny Ogg stop the wolf before it has a chance to eat the grandmother (much to its own relief, as it's acting against its will). Nanny Ogg remembers hearing about the same thing happening a couple of villages away, when she was a girl. She also refers obliquely to an incident when she visited her grandmother in a red hood, involving "Sumpkins the lodger".
  • Little Red Riding Hood in the Red Light District by Manlio Argueta (1998).
  • Darkest Desire: The Wolf's Own Tale by Anthony Schmitz (1998).
  • Low Red Moon by Caitlín R. Kiernan (2003).
  • Little Red Riding Wolf (Seriously Silly Stories) (2004), a children's novel by Laurence Anholt and Arthur Robins, in which the roles of the main characters are reversed, so that the 'Big Bad Girl' terrorises the innocent hero, Little Red Riding Wolf, before meeting her come-uppance from the terrifying Old Granny Wolf.
  • The Book of Lost Things by John Connolly (2006).

Short stories

  • In 1940, Howard L. Chace, a professor of French, wrote Ladle Rat Rotten Hut, where the story is told using incorrect homonyms of the correct English words.
  • "The Company of Wolves" by Angela Carter, published in The Bloody Chamber (1979). This famous and influential version was the basis for the Neil Jordan film (below).
  • "Wolfland" by Tanith Lee, published in Red as Blood (1983).
  • "I Shall Do Thee Mischief in the Woods" by Kathe Koja, published in Snow White, Blood Red (1993).
  • "Little Red" by Wendy Wheeler, published in Snow White, Blood Red (1993).
  • The Apprentice" by Miriam Grace Monfredo, published in Ellery Queen's Mystery Magazine (November, 1993).
  • "The Good Mother" by Patricia Galloway, published in Truly Grim Tales (1995).
  • "Riding the Red" by Nalo Hopkinson, published in Black Swan, White Raven (1997).
  • "Wolf" by Francesca Lia Block, published in The Rose and the Beast (2000).
  • "The Road of Pins" by Caitlín R. Kiernan, first published in Dark Terrors 6 (2002), reprinted in To Charles Fort, With Love (2005).
  • "Little Red and the Big Bad" by Will Shetterly, published in Swan Sister (2003).
  • James Thurber's short story "The Little Girl and the Wolf" features the heroine turning the tables on the Wolf. The Moral says it all: "It is not so easy to fool little girls nowadays as it used to be."
  • "Little Red Riding Hood" published in James Finn Garner's Politically Correct Bedtime Stories satirises politically correct speech, focusing on such things as womyn's rights. See also Politically Correct Red Riding Hood, which features a very different outcome.

Poetry

Drama and theatre

Many of the above short stories and poems (as well as many older texts) are collected in The Trials and Tribulations of Little Red Riding Hood by Jack Zipes.

Film

Animation

  • Walt Disney produced a black and white silent short cartoon called Little Red Riding Hood in 1922 for Laugh-O-gram Cartoons. Copies of this early work of Disney's are extremely rare.
  • Tex Avery's Red Hot Riding Hood recasts the story in an adult-oriented urban setting, with the suave, suited wolf howling after the stripper Red. Tex Avery also utilised the same cast and themes in a number of other cartoons in this series.
  • Early Bugs Bunny cartoons such as Little Red Riding Rabbit utilise the characters from fairytales such as Little Red Riding Hood.
  • The Japanese children's anime TV series Akazukin Chacha features the eponymous heroine Chacha who is visually reminiscent of Little Red Riding Hood ('akazukin' relates to her red hood and cape). One of the major themes of the series is a sort of pre-adolescent love triangle between Chacha and her two male friends, one of whom is a werewolf, the other a boy-witch.
  • The 1995 animated film from Jetlag Productions adapts the classic fairy tale and at the same time adds its own original twists and additions to the story in order to strech the plotline to their regular 48-minute length. The film featured three original songs and was written by George Bloom and produced by Mark Taylor.
  • The 1999 Japanese animated film Jin-Roh (also known as Jin-Roh: The Wolf Brigade), about a secret society within an anti-terrorist unit of an alternative post-World War II Japan, makes several literary and visual references to the German oral version of the story (most notably a Rotkäppchen book offered to the main character by one of the female bomb couriers), which is closer to the Perrault version, than the tale of Grimm, with an anti-terrorist commando as the wolf (the title is literally "Man-wolf" in Japanese, or, better still, could be translated as "a Wolf as a Man"), and a mysterious woman as the young lady.
  • An Anime named Otogi Jushi Akazukin has as main character a girl named Akazukin, who is a Fairy Musketeer and has to protect a boy named Souta, who's the Elde Key, from the world of Science. Akazukin comes from Fandavale, the world of Magic, and for protect Souta, she has help of Val, her Wolf Familiar and the others two Musketeers, Shirayuki (Snow White) and Ibara (Sleeping Beauty). The Enemies are Randagio (one of the Bremen Town Musicians), Hansel and Gretel, who works for Cinderella, who wants the Elde's Key.
  • A 2006 computer-animated children's film, Hoodwinked, uses the anachronistic parody approach to the tale typified by the Shrek films, envisioning the story as a Rashomon-like mystery in which the anthropomorphised animal police of the forest question the four participants of the story (Red, the Wolf, Granny and the Woodsman) after they arrive at Granny's house, with each participant telling their own version of how they arrived there and why.
  • In the film Shrek the Third, she is portrayed as one of the villains; she is seen pickpocketing in one scene. Interestly enough, the Big Bad Wolf is considered one of the good guys.
  • "Red Riding Hood" is a character in Super Why! in which she calls herself "Wonder Red," she wears roller blades, and has "Word Power".

Comics

  • Neil Gaiman worked a darker, more erotic, pre-Perrault version of the Red Riding Hood tale in The Doll's House arc of the Sandman comics. In this version, the wolf kills the old lady, tricks the girl into eating her grandmother's meat and drinking her blood, order the girl to undress and lay in bed with him and finally devours her. According to Gaiman, his portrayal of the tale was based on the one reported in the book The Great Cat Massacre: and other episodes in French cultural history by Robert Darnton
  • Both the Big Bad Wolf and Little Red Riding Hood are characters in the Fables comic book universe. The Big Bad Wolf has taken on human form and become known as Bigby Wolf. He is the sheriff of Fabletown when the series begins. The figure of Red Riding Hood ('Ride') appears three times. The first two instances are actually spies working for the Fables' enemy The Adversary, magically disguising themselves as Little Red Riding Hood (the second of which is actually the witch Baba Yaga). The third Red Riding Hood seems to be the genuine article.
  • The webcomic No Rest for the Wicked has a character called "Red". She lives alone in the woods and always carries an axe with her. After being attacked by a wolf (presumably killed and eaten) she has gone and systematically killed many of the wolves in the forest.
  • Tamaoki Benkyo created a twisted and dark version of Red Riding Hood in the manga Tokyo Akazukin. It is about a demonic girl dressed as red riding hood who wanted to be devoured by the big bad wolf himself.
  • A comic created by Hector Sevilla and Mike S. Miller called Lullaby features a Red Ridng Hood character who is half girl and half wolf (Because she got bitten by The Big Bad Wolf). The art can be viewed here here
  • An adaptation of Little Red Riding Hood in the Grimm Fairy Tales comic series by Zenescope depicted Red Riding Hood as a teenage girl nicknamed Red who is going off to bring food to her sick grandmother who lives deep in the woods. She gets attacked by a werewolf who kills her grandmother and attacks her there. She is saved by the woodsman, named Samson, and the wolf turns out be a former lover. This story was a teenager's dream sequence after she gets into a fight with her boyfriend who wanted to have sex with her.
  • The manga One Piece references Red Riding Hood in chapter 413: "The Hunter". The protagonist Sogeking wears a red cloak and is almost killed by a "wolfman", Jyabura. He is saved by Sanji, "the hunter".
  • Streetfables published a modern, urban adaptation of Little Red Riding Hood called Red
  • Issue #1 of the Marvel Comics series Spider-Man Fairy Tales is an adaptation of Little Red Riding Hood with Mary Jane Watson as the protagonist.
  • In the webcomic EverAfter, by Shaun Healey, Little Red Riding Hood is depicted as having gone insane inside the Big Bad Wolf's belly, emerging a violent sociopath who chopped up the woodsman with his own saw, and needed to be placed in the EverAfter Maximum Security Asylum, along with other twisted fairy tale characters ranging from Tom Thumb to Goldilocks, Hansel and Gretel, Miss Muffet, etc., all under the care of President Dumpty Humpty Dumpty and Dr. Crooked (from a nursery rhyme).
  • Serena Valentino and Foo Swee Chin wrote and illustrated an adaptation of Red Riding Hood in Nightmares & Fairy Tales #8 where Red is known as Luna. This comic version focuses on Luna's struggle to cope with her fellow villagers' intense disdain for wolves. When a supposedly "dead" wolf kills her father, she sympathizes with the animal more than her parent, causing her mother to throw her out of the house in a fit of rage. Luna befriends a kind young man on the way to her grandmother's house and eventually discovers that her grandmother is a werewolf. When Luna's mother arrives and kills her wolf-grandmother, Luna also begins to change into a white wolf but is spared a gruesome death when her friend, in wolf-form, rescues her.

Video games

  • An East Asian company produced an unlicensed Nintendo Entertainment System game called Little Red Hood.
  • The fighting game series Darkstalkers has a twisted take on the story: A girl named B.B. Hood (called Bulletta in Japan), a young girl who is actually a bounty hunter of werewolves, who killed her parents. She carries an Uzi, hides land mines underneath her dress, and her basket conceals a variety of weapons, from knives to a built-in rocket launcher and a flamethrower disguised as a wine bottle. She is also good friends with a very large huntsman and soldier.
  • Final Fantasy Fables: Chocobo Tales includes a pair of storybooks entitled "Mini Red Riding Hood", which uses the popular story as its basis, but instead of being threatened by a wolf, Red has to contend with the lightning spirit Ramuh on her way to her grandmother's house.
  • World of Warcraft: The Burning Crusade features The Big Bad Wolf as one of the random encounters in the Karazhan opera event. The Wolf transforms a random player into Red Riding Hood and chases her around the room.
  • In the game Fable, and Fable: The Lost Chapters, the hero's mother is revealed to have been a famous Hero, and Slayer of Balverines (An in-game equivalent to werewolves) who went by the name of Scarlet Robe
  • Little Red Riding Hood is the title of the second episode of the episodic game series American McGee's Grimm (2008) which features a dwarf ("Grimm") bent on returning fairy tales to their supposedly much darker origins.

Music and music video

Other

  • Probably the most famous use of Little Red Riding Hood in television advertising is the Chanel No. 5 commercial directed by Luc Besson with music by Danny Elfman and starring Estella Warren. In this advertisement, Warren plays a modern-day Red Riding Hood getting ready to enjoy the Paris nightlife, much to the lamentation of her household wolf. The commercial can be viewed here
  • Todd McFarlane's "Twisted Fairy Tales" action figure line includes a more voluptuous Red Riding Hood holding a dead wolf with its entrails and Grandma dripping out of its stomach. A similar but less gory figure is part of the "Scary Tales" line of figures (not by McFarlane).

See also

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