Nikkō, whose ancient Shinto shrines and Buddhist temples UNESCO has recognized by naming them a World Heritage Site, is in this prefecture. Nikkō is approximately one hour by train from Tokyo and approximately 35 km west of the capital Utsunomiya.
Another onsen resort is at Kinugawa Onsen.
The climate of Tochigi may be classified as a humid temperate zone in which there are broad variations in temperature. Winters are arid with dry winds, while summers are humid and puncuated with frequent thunderstorms.
The population of Tochigi as of March, 2007, was approximately 2,014,900 and was increasing up until 2005. In 2006, the population started to decrease mirroring that of the nation's population decrease. About 500,000 people live in the prefectural capital city of Utsunomiya, with the remainder dispersed over 14 other cities and 17 towns.
Situated in the center of the prefecture is the largest open plain in the Kanto region. To the north stand the mountains Shirane (2,578m), Nantai (2,484m) and Nasudake (1,917m). Originating in this region are the Kinugawa, Nakagawa, and Watarase Rivers, which flow across the Kanto plain before emptying in the Pacific Ocean. Tochigi is the 20th largest prefecture in Japan with a total area of 6,408 square km.
In the early 15th century, Ashikaga University, Japan's oldest school of higher education, was re-established, holding over 3000 students by the 16th century. Saint Francis Xavier introduced Ashikaga to the world as the best university in Japan.
In the early 17th century, Japan was unified by the Shogun Tokugawa Ieyasu. After his death, Toshogu was built in Nikko on what the shoguns thought of as holy ground to protect and worship Ieyasu. The establishment of the Nikkō Toshogu in 1617 brought Nikkō to national attention. The Tokugawa Shogunate developed the Nikkō kaidō (日光街道, part of the major road connecting Nikkō with Edo) and required lavish processions to worship Ieyasu, the founder of the Tokugawa line of shoguns.
In the late 19th century the Tokugawa Shogunate fell and the new government established the prefectures. The prefectural capital was established in the city of Tochigi after the unification of Utsunomiya Prefecture and Tochigi Prefecture in 1873. By 1884, however, the capital was transferred to Utsunomiya.
Industrial production in Tochigi is highly concentrated in manufacturing, accounting for 36.6% of the Prefecture's total production output. Vehicle parts and accessories ranks number one in Prefectural output followed by vehicle manufacturing, radios and televisions, pharmaceuticals, and wireless communication equipment.
Below are Tochigi-manufactured goods with the highest national market share:
|X-Ray Equipment for Medical Use||54.5%|
|Machinery and Appliances for Dental Use||23.5%|
|X-Ray Equipment Parts||57.5%|
|Injection Molded Plastic Parts||14.1%|
Tochigi's annual gross agricultural output is roughly 274 billion yen and includes rice, vegetables, and livestock. Tochigi is also known for its strawberries, Chinese chives, and Japanese pears which are sold throughout the country as well as exported to various nations. Approximately 55% of Tochigi is covered by forests. Mushrooms, such as Shiitake mushrooms, make up half of the forest industry, its output being approximately 5.6 billion yen.
A more recent and modern attraction is the Twin Ring Motegi Circuit race course, which hosts the only IndyCar race outside the United States. The track also hosts many other race events including Formula One and motorcycle races as well as festivals and fireworks events.
Tochigi has many traditional festivals and events such as Nikkō Tōshō-gū's 1000 Samurai Procession and Horseback Archery Festival, and the city of Tochigi's Autumn Festival where doll floats are pulled around the city once every five years.
Other attractions include
Traversing the prefecture along the north-south axis and connecting to the rest of the country are the Tōhoku Expressway and the new and old Route 4. From east to west spans Rout 50, connecting southern Tochigi with Ibaraki and Gunma Prefectures.
Also connecting Tochigi, Gunma, and Ibaraki is the Kita-Kantō Expressway, with the 18.5 km that connect the Tochigi-Tsuga Interchange and the Utsunomiya-Kaminokawa Interchange. Portions of the Kita-Kantō Expressway are still being constructed and is set to be fully completed by 2011. The highway will link the region's other main transport arteries, the Tōhoku, the Jōban and the Kan-Etsu Expressways, providing a link to the international port of Hitachinaka in Ibaraki.
Freight is served by the Utsunomiya Freight Terminal.
Wipo Publishes Patent of Azabu Veterinary Medicine Educational Institution School and Tochigi Prefecture for "Method for Predicting Beef Marbling Standard (Bms) Numbers Using Coat Mineral Composition" (Japanese Inventors)
Apr 27, 2013; GENEVA, April 27 -- Publication No. WO/2013/058331 was published on April 25.Title of the invention: "METHOD FOR PREDICTING BEEF...
Teijin Limited (www.teijin.co.jp/english) announced on May 2 that the Utsunomiya Factory (Tochigi Prefecture) of Teijin DuPont Films Ltd., which had suspended PET film production following the earthquake in northeastern Japan on March 11, resumed partial operations on April 30.(industry NEWS and NOTES)(Brief article)
Jun 01, 2011; Teijin Limited (www.teijin.co.jp/english) announced on May 2 that the Utsunomiya Factory (Tochigi Prefecture) of Teijin DuPont...