Titus Martins Adesoji Tadeniawo Aderemi I

Titus Martins Adesoji Tadeniawo Aderemi I

Titus Martins Adesoji Tadeniawo Aderemi I (15 November 1889 - 7 July 1980), also known as Adesoji Aderemi, was a Nigerian political figure and Yoruba religious leader. He was the King of Ife (or Ilé-Ifẹ̀, as it is properly known) from 1930 until 1980, preceded by Ademiluyi Ajagun. He also served as President of Western House of Chiefs and the Legislative Council of Nigeria. He served as the governor of Western Region, Nigeria between 1960 and 1967.

Adesoji Aderemi was known as a very wealthy man and had a large family of many wives and children.

During colonial rule, the Ooni gained considerable amount of power due to the colonial policy of indirect rule and being labeled a first class Oba among traditional rulers in Yoruba land. The policy of Indirect rule was used to ensure native awareness and consultations about colonial policies affecting the regions. The British leaned on existing native political structures and hierarchy, particularly the traditional rulers for political consultation and tax collection. Later on, the Ooni with the consent of the leading Yoruba political leaders used his position to close the gaps of exploitation of divisional differences among Yorubas and tried fervently to rally the Yoruba towards a common goal. In 1962, the king acting as governor, used his power to remove the premier of the region, sensing the premier did not have the support of the majority members of the House of Assembly. The event escalated the political rivalries in the region.

References

  • A. I. Asiw Aju, Political Motivation and Oral Historical Traditions in Africa: The Case of Yoruba Crowns, 1900-1960 Journal of the International African Institute > Vol. 46, No. 2 (1976).

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