Tirumular

Tirumular

Tirumular (also spelt Thirumoolar etc., oringally known as Sundaranatha) was a Tamil Shaivite mystic and writer, considered one of the sixty-three Nayanars and one of the 18 Siddhars. His main work, the Tirumandhiram, which consists of over 3000 verses, forms a part of the key text of Tamil Shaiva Siddhanta, the Tirumurai.

Tirumandiram contains a synthesis of knowledge; the Upanishads, Siddhayoga and the devotional (Bhakti) revival, yet criticises ritualistic idolatry and the external gymnastics of occult practice. It is deep, simple, cryptic and polyvalent.

Legend has it that Tirumular was a travelling Shaiva saint and scholar from Kailash who used his yoga powers to transmigrate into the body of a southern cowherd, Mulan. He woke up from his yogic trance once a year and composed one verse until he attained salvation.

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