Definitions

Tiruchirapalli

Tiruchirapalli

[tir-oo-chi-rop-uh-lee]
Tiruchirapalli or Trichinopoly, city (1991 pop. 711,862), Tamil Nadu state, SE India, on the Kaveri River. It is a district administrative center and an important educational, religious, and commercial city, with locomotive construction workshops and heavy electrical industries. Tobacco and cotton are marketed. The city's chief landmark is the shrine of Srirangam, an elaborately carved monument to the Hindu god Shiva, at the base of a 270-ft (82-m) rock. Another temple stands at the top of the rock.
Tiruchirappalli (Tamil : தி௫ச்சிராப்பள்ளி) also spelled Tiruchirapalli, commonly known as Tiruchi or Trichy (Tamil : தி௫ச்சி) formerly also pronounced as Trichinopoly (under British rule) is Tamil Nadu's fourth largest corporation (after Chennai, Madurai and Coimbatore with a population of 10,67,915 (as of 2008)[approx 1.06 Million] and is also one of the A1 metropolitan cities of Tamilnadu. It is situated in the centre of the state, on the banks of the Cauvery River. Trichy is a Municipal Corporation and the administrative headquarters of Tiruchirapalli District.

Trichy city encompasses Srirangam, a Vaishnavite temple and the biggest functioning Hindu temple in the world. Trichy also contains "ThiruAnaikka" (ThiruvAnaikkaval), one of the five main abodes ("Panchaboodha Sthalam") of Lord Shiva. ThiruvAnaikkaval is the House of Water. Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman was born in Thiruvanaikaval and his house has been preserved as a museum. Tiruchirapalli city was named after a three-headed demon "Trishira" called "Chira"(the son of Ravana) who performed penance at the Siva temple here and obtained favors. The legend is that Shiva was worshipped by the demon ruler Tirisiran, hence Tiruchirappalli, Tirisirapuram etc . Also, since the three peaks here are occupied by Shiva, Parvati and Vinayaka, the name Tri-Shikharam or Tirisirapuram arose. The legend says that Shiva in the guise of a woman attended to the call of a devotee in labor, hence he is called as Matrubhuteswarar .

There is another belief about the origins of the name Trichy. According to this version the name started out as Thiru Javvandhipuram (Place of Marigold Flowers): javvandhi, the Tamil name for the marigold flower which still grows in abundance in and around this region, and puram which means a dwelling-place -- so over time this became known as Trichy.

History

Tiruchirapalli is home to Nagaraj Cholan and many historic temples, monuments, churches and mosques. Uraiyur(also pronounced as Oraiyur), the Old Tiruchy has over 2,500 years of known history and tradition. It was the capital of the early Chola kings. The oldest human-made dam, Kallanai, was built by Karikala Cholan across the river Kaveri (also Cauvery) about 10 miles from Uraiyur.

Trichy was an important town in the days of the later Cholas and of the Nayak kings, and during the early days of the British East India Company. The Madurai Nayak rulers changed their capital from Madurai to Tiruchirapalli, and back, several times. The conquest of Tiruchirapalli by the British East India Company marked a major step in the British conquest of India.

Rockfort along with Cauvery river bridge

One famous landmark in Tiruchirapalli is the Rock Fort, a large outcrop of rock of 83 metres high. It is the only such outcrop in the otherwise-flat land of the city, and because of it Trichy is also called Rock City. On top of the rock is the Ucchi Pillayar Koil, a temple dedicated to the Indian god Vinayaka (Ganesha), from where one can enjoy a panoramic view of Tiruchirapalli. The temple was also used as a military fort by the Nayaks for some time.

On the southern face of the rock are several beautifully-carved cave temples of the Pallava period. On the eastern side is Sri Nandrudayan Vinayakar Temple, with Ganesha as the main deity. A large-sized Ganesha and depictions of other rare deities can be seen in this temple, which hosts festivals every year during the Vinayaka Chathurthi (birthday of Ganesha). Many Carnatic musicians have given concerts in this famous shrine. Around the rock temple is a busy commercial region, specializing in textiles, known as Chatram. The Main Guard Gate is flooded on festive occasions such as Diwali, Ramzan, Bakrid, Christmas, and Pongal.

Trichy is famous for the number of Christian churches it contains -- it is said to have the greatest number of chapels in India. The most famous are Holy Redeemer's Church (Sagayamatha Koil), Lourdes Church, and The Cathedral.Trichy also is famous for Arcot Nawab masjid (one of the oldest) , with its large water storage tank (Ahil)

Culture

The city has a multi-cultural society with a sizeable presence of English, Telugu, Hindi, and Malayalam-speaking population. The city projects a calm outlook and is considered to be friendly toward tourists.

One may experience typical Anglo-Indian, Andhra and Kerala cuisines here.

In addition to Pongal, the 'Thamizhar Thirunaal", Ugadi, Holi & Onam are festivals celebrated by their respective communities retaining their cultural roots.

Cuisine

Trichy cuisine is predominantly South Indian with rice as the main-ingredient. The city prefers a fairly mild flavour, with variations to suit the local palette. Lunch is usually served in many restaurants over a banana leaf. North Indian, Chinese and Continental cuisines are also available. Jelebi, Mysorepa (a sweet made from lentil flour and ghee), idly, dosa, halwa (a sweet made of milk, wheat, and rice) and biryani are popular among the locals.

Economy

Trichy is a major Engineering hub and Energy Equipment and Fabrication Capital of India.Some major industrial houses are located in Trichy: among them are BHEL, Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited -- a prominent Navaratna company, a highly profitable Public Sector Undertaking which, along with its ancillary industries, contributes some 6000 crores rupees (1 crore = 10 million) to the industrial output of Trichy) -- also Ordnance Factory (HAPP and Small Arms Project), Golden Rock Locomotive Workshop, and Dalmia Cements.

The plant of BHEL in Trichy manufactures high pressure boilers. There also are many BHEL-groomed small to medium scale industries notable in the national and international market, such as Cethar Vessels, Veesons Energy Systems, Anand Engg, GB Engg, Adela Software and Services Pvt. Ltd., Pradev Software Solution & Mindchain Solution, Satron Technologies , Cethar FoodOils Ltd., and others.

BHEL entrance on NH67

Trichy also has exclusive Rotary Airpreheater manufacturer namely GEECO Being a commercial hub, Trichy stands first with 70% in India, in boiler & windmill manufacturing and fabrication. Number of small scale industries have also sprung up in Trichy, mostly around Thuvakudi and Mathur. Leather tanneries are located on the way to Pudukottai. Viralimalai, considered an industrial suburb on Madurai road has the factories of TVS, India bus body building unit, MM Forgings. Also in the same area ,Sanmar Group of Companies are located. A very Big Steel Foundry 10000 Tons per annum is in operation and one more foundry is coming up. Apart from this three more companies catering to Chemical and Process Industries find place here. One can also find agro-based industries around Trichy city, especially along Coimbatore road and Chennai. Manachanallur, famous for its numerous rice mills supplying polished rice all over Tamil Nadu and outside is located about 7 km from Main Guard gate.

The economy of the city is driven to a certain extent by IT/ITES companies like HCL, CONTURA Technologies,SUTHERLAND, ALSEC, encouraged by the support from state government. A dedicated stretch of land has been identified and developed to increase the state's share in national IT/ITES exports.

Transportation

Roadways

Trichy is well connected to various parts of Tamil Nadu, by private and public bus services. The Theppakulam - Chathram bus station, near Rock Fort temple, runs local and mofussil (city-to-city) bus services which connect people to nearby towns and villages. Bus services are frequent, once every two to five minutes. Trichy is also well-connected to the other cities of Tamil Nadu, southern Karnataka and Kerala through private charter buses.

The central bus station runs long distance services to major cities of the State and South India such as Chennai, Madurai, Coimbatore, Bangalore, Tirunelveli, Nagercoil,Tirupathi,Thanjavur,Salem,Erode,Pudukkotai,Dindigul,Rameswaram,Theni,Hosur,Vellore etc. One can get buses from Trichy to almost any part of the state, due to its geographical location in the center of Tamil Nadu.

On the road infrastructure front, with the completion of highway projects in Tamil Nadu state, Trichy will have four track highways from the city branching to destination Chennai, Madurai, Nagappattinam and Coimbatore.The four-laning of Chennai-Trichy should be completed in mid 2008 and also Trichy-Madurai would be completed at the same time. The widening of Trichy-Tanjore, Trichy-Karur and Trichy-Rameswaram should also be completed in 2 years.

Trichy is connected by major National Highways which connect Chennai(towards north)and Dindigul(towards south) by NH 45,Madurai and Tuticorin by NH 45B(towards south),Coimbatore and Ooty(towards west)and Tanjore and Nagapatinam(towards east) by NH 67,Putukkottai and Ramanathapuram(towards south-east) by NH 210 and Chidambaram (towards north-east) by NH 227.

NH45 with heavy vehicles

Tamil Nadu Government introduced the Share -Auto scheme in the year 2001.The city has a very wide network of city buses and mini buses. The State-run DCTC town buses cover areas from trichy to pudukkottai, manapparai, musiri, viralimalai and vallam.Private and public buses connect Trichy to all parts of Tamil Nadu.

Railways

Trichy is the hub of Southern Railway's operation to connect this central part of Tamil Nadu to various parts of India, notably regions in Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, Bengal, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Delhi, and Madhya Pradesh. Trichy Railway Junction has five branches leading to Madurai, Rameswaram, Coimbatore, Tanjore and Chennai and currently there are 7 platforms. After the completion of electification of tracks between Villupuram-Trichy sector in Tamil Nadu, Trichy is set to become one of the busiest railway junctions. The Electrification between Villupuram and Trichy is expected to be completed by December 2008.The railway station code for Trichy Junction is TPJ.

Front view of Trichy junction

The most important trains of Trichy are Pallavan Express,Trichy-Howrah Express,Rockfort Express,Trichy-Ernakulam Tea Garden Express are the important trains originating from Trichy.

The other important trains halting and passing through Trichy junction are Kanyakumari Express,Tamilnadu Sampark Kranti Express,Tirukkural Express,Ananthapuri Express,MAQ Chennai Express,Podigai Express,Nellai Express,Cape-Howrah Express,MS Mangalore Express,Pearl City Express,MS Guruvayur Express,Jan Shatabdi Express,Nagercoil-Mumbai Express,Vaigai express,Rockfort link Express,Sethu Express,Madurai-Jammutawi link Express,Pandian Express,Madurai-Lokmanya Tilak express,Kumbakonam-Mysore Express are most important express trains passing through Trichy junction.Other than Express trains there are more number of Passenger Trains which connects the Trichy with the nearest town frequently.

The Trichy city comprises of the following railway stations:

Station name Station code
Tiruchirapalli Junction TPJ
Tiruchirapalli Town TPTN
Tiruchirapalli Fort TP
Tiruchirapalli Palakkarai TPE
Ponmalai GOC
Srirangam SRGM
Thiruverumbur TRB
Uttamar Kovil UKV
Valadi VLDE
Punggudi PUG
Bikshandarkovil BXS
Kumaramangalam KRMG

An view of platform number 3 on TPJ

Airways

Trichy has an international airport about four kilometres from the city, which operates flights to Indian cities, territories, and neighbouring countries including Malaysia, Singapore, Sri Lanka and the Gulf by Indian Airlines, Air India Express, Srilankan Airlines, Mihin Lanka,Kingfisher Airlines,Paramount Airways and Air Deccan. Trichy airport is the second airport in south India next to Chennai to get international connectivity to Colombo (Srilanka) in 1981. Nowadays, flights are operated to Gulf countries such as the United Arab Emirates and Kuwait.

Plans are being made to upgrade it to a full fledged international airport in the next three years The extended runway (8000ft) was commissioned and further expansion to 12500 ft has started. Also, the construction of new terminal building is expected to be completed in 2008.An new Air Traffic Control Centre is also being planned to be constructed to cope up with growing air traffic in the region.

Srilankan airlines departing

Various airlines including Malaysian airlines, Oman Air, Air Asia,Air Arabia will soon operate international flights while Kingfisher Airlines which now operates to Bangalore from Trichy is planning to connect various Indian cities. Air India Express will make Dubai and Singapore flights a daily service as soon as the corrections in the extended runway is completed.

- >

Airlines and Destinations
Domestic
Carrier Destination
Air Deccan Chennai
Indian Airlines Chennai, Thiruvananthapuram
Air-India Express Chennai
Kingfisher Airlines Chennai
Paramount Airways Chennai
International
Carrier Destination
Indian Airlines Al-Fujairah, Sharjah,Ras Al-Khaimah
SriLankan Airlines Colombo
Air-India Express Singapore,Kuala Lumpur,Dubai,Abudhabi
Mihin Lanka
Air Asia Kuala Lumpur**
Air Arabia Sharjah **
Malaysian Airlines Kuala Lumpur **
Oman Air Muscat **
Tiger airways Singapore **
** Starting soon

Administration

The city is a Municipal Corporation. It also serves as the headquarters of the district with the same name. The city has one Member of Parliament representing the Trichy constituency, but the southern part of the district including the manapparai town has been merged with pudukkottai parliamentary constituency for administrative reasons. The city is headed by a Mayor, under whom are the Deputy Mayor and several councillors elected by people representing administrative wards; as well as a corporation Commissioner of the rank of IAS to administer the city. The district is headed by the District Collector of the rank of IAS. The District court is the highest court of appeal in Trichy/Tiruchirappalli. The city has seen moderate to high development in spite of funds constraint.

The city's police force is headed by the City Police Commissioner of the rank of IPS. One of the 5 Central prisons of the state is located here.

Politics

Both Tiruchirappalli-I and Tiruchirappalli-II assembly constituencies are part of Tiruchirappalli (Lok Sabha constituency).

Literacy/Education

Considered an educational city, Tiruchirapalli has schools and colleges that are hundreds of years old. College Road in Chatram has three colleges and five schools.

Trichy NIT welcome board

Premier Institutes / Universities

The city boasts of having numerous reputed schools following 'State' or 'Central' or 'Matriculation' or 'Anglo-Indian' or 'International' streams.

  • Premier Schools
    • K.A.P. Vishwanatham higher secondary School
    • R.S.K Higher Secondary School[CBSE]
    • BHEL matriculation higher secondary school
    • Campion Anglo-Indian higher secondary school
    • St. Josephs's Anglo-Indian higher secondary school
    • Alpha Plus matriculation higher secondary school
    • Alpha Wisdom Vidyashram, KK Nagar[CBSE]
    • Mahatma Gandi Centenary Vidhyalaya, Thennur[CBSE]
    • Alpha Cambridge international school[ICSE]
    • Sri Sivananda Balalaya [CBSE]
    • Kamakodi Vidhyalaya [ICSE]
    • Kamala Niketan school [CBSE]
    • Chimaya vidhyalaya [CBSE]
    • Sri Akilandeswari Vidyalaya higher secondary School [CBSE]
    • St.Johns Vestry higher secondary school
    • St. James matriculation school
    • R.C. higher secondary school
    • Joan of Arc international school[ICSE]
    • The Higher secondary school for boys, Srirangam
    • The Girl's higher secondary school, Srirangam
    • Savitri Vidhya Sala
    • E.R. higher secondary School
    • National College higher secondary School
    • Vailankanni Raj matriculation higher secondary school
    • Bishop Heber College higher secondary School[Teppakulam]
    • Bishop Heber College higher secondary School[Puttur]
    • Railway Mixed High School
    • Periyar Centenary memorial matriculation higher secondary school
    • YWCA matriculation school
    • Rajaji Vidhyalaya, Thennur [CBSE]
    • Rockfort matriculation School
    • Holycross higher secondary school
    • Sri Renga matriculation School
    • SBIOA Higher Secondary school
    • Arockiyamatha matriculation school
    • Aurobindo Public School
    • Crea academy School
    • Boiler Plant higher secondary school
    • Jesie higher secondary school
    • Karpaga Vinayagar matriculation school
    • Nehru matriculation School
    • Khajamian higher secondaery school
    • Seva Sangam girls higher secondary school
    • Kendriya Vidhyalaya[CBSE]
    • Seventh Day higher Secondary school
    • SVV higher secondary school
    • St Anne's girls higher secondary school
    • Jayendra matriculation school
    • Vaijaynti vidhyalaya[CBSE]
    • Cauvery matriculation school
    • Jegen Matha matriculation school
    • Dhanalakshmi Srinivasan matriculation school
    • A.K.K.V.Aarunadu matriculation school.
    • Good Shepherd matriculation school.

It is worthwhile to note that the 'Former President of India' Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam and writer Sujatha (Rangarajan) studied at St. Joseph's College in the city Also, another 'Former President of India' R. Venkataraman studied at National College here.

Health-care

The city has numerous hospitals. Apart from the Government hospital, several multi-facility hospitals function in the city. The district's health department is one of the best in terms of implementing government-initiated healthcare schemes. Rare surgical procedures have taken place in some of the hospitals in the city. The polio eradication programme is heavily assisted by various NGOs and clubs in the city. It also has many sidhdha/unani/ayurveda/homeopathic clinics.

Trichy - A low-cost high-quality healthcare destination

Fast pace of economic development with the increase in the health awareness have led to the growth of the healthcare industry in the city. The city stands next to Chennai in Tamilnadu for affordable and quality healthcare deliveries of high-standards.

Trichy is also a preferred healthcare destination to the population from nearby towns and districts.

List of Hospitals in Trichy

  • A.G.Eye Hospital Puthur, Trichy. Ph: 2792901
  • Akila Nursing Home, Annamalai Nagar, Trichy. Ph:2763986 , 2763071
  • Amala Nursing Home Madurai Road, Trichy. Ph: 2709165
  • Arthy Nursing Home Palakarai,Trichy. Ph:2462963
  • Ayesha Hospital Thillai Nagar 11th Cross, Trichy. Ph: 2767272 , 2767373
  • Cauvery Nursing Home Thillai Nagar 5th Cross, Trichy. Ph: 2762170
  • Chellappa Nursing Home Puthur, Trichy. Ph: 2771133
  • Child Jesus Hospital Cantonment, Trichy. Ph: 2410816
  • Chitrambalam Dental Clinic Town Hall, Trichy. Ph: 2705914 , 2704113
  • C.S.I Mission Hospital Woraiyur, Trichy. Ph: 2762372 , 2760672
  • Deepan Nursing Home Puthur, Trichy. Ph: 2792449 , 2792528
  • Dhanvanthiri Nursing Home Periyar Nagar,Trichy. Ph: 2432217
  • Eswari Nursing Home Thillai Nagar 11th Cross, Trichy. Ph: 2764739
  • Friends Eye Hospital Woraiyur, Trichy. Ph:2761171
  • Giri's Nursing Home Thillai Nagar 4th Cross, Trichy. Ph: 2763090
  • G.M. Poly Clinic Ramalinga Nagar, Trichy. Ph: 2761805
  • Govindarajan Nursing Home Puthur, Trichy. Ph:2469047
  • G.V.N. Hospital Super Bazzar, Trichy. Ph: 2700811
  • G.V.N. Cancer Cure Hospital Kiledar street, Trichy. Ph: 2701153
  • Harish Nursing Home Mannar Puram, Trichy. Ph:2422113 , 2422134
  • Hindu Mission Hospital Anna Nagar, Trichy. Ph:2766090
  • I.S.Nursing Home Contonment, Trichy. Ph: 2411199
  • Jagannathan Nursing Home Ponnagar, Trichy. Ph:2480991
  • JANET Nursing Home Puthur, Trichy. Ph: 2766524
  • JAYAM Nursing Home Woraiyur, Trichy. Ph: 2762147
  • J.M. Hospital Puthur, Trichy. Ph: 2771569 , 2771015
  • Joseph Eye Hospital Melaputhur, Trichy. Ph: 2460622
  • Karp Nursing Home Thillai Nagar 9th Cross, Trichy. Ph:2766588
  • Kavery Medical Center Tennur, Trichy. Ph: 2742300 - 306
  • Kingsley Kids Care Puthur, Trichy. Ph: 2770116
  • Lakshmi Nursing Home Thillai Nagar 11th Cross, Trichy. Ph: 2765675 , 2766874
  • Mathuram Hospital Puthur, Trichy. Ph: 2764648
  • Mahatma Eye Hospital Thillai Nagar, Trichy. Ph: 2764494
  • Mangalam Nursing Home Thillai Nagar 5th Cross, Trichy. Ph:2765646
  • Mercy Hospital Thillai Nagar 11th Cross, Trichy. Ph: 2761189
  • Mubina Hospital no;288 sangiliyandapuram main road TRICHY PH 2300560
  • Muthu Nursing Home Thillai Nagar 5th Cross, Trichy. Ph: 2760082
  • Navin Medical Centre Dindigul Main Road, Trichy. Ph:2480379
  • Neelam Hospital Woraiyur, Trichy. Ph: 2763296
  • Panner Nursing Home Woraiyur, Trichy. Ph:2761519
  • Prabhu Nursing Home Ponnagar, Trichy. Ph:2461554
  • Priya Arun Hospital Puthur, Trichy. Ph:2767070
  • Priya Nursing Home Thillai Nagar, Trichy. Ph:2764765
  • Pushpa Nursing Home Puthur, Trichy. Ph:2766389
  • Rajappa Clinic M.K.Kottai, Trichy - 11. Ph:2446815
  • Ramesh E.N.T. Hospital Thillai Nagar 5th Cross, Trichy. Ph: 2763531
  • Rana Hospital Salai Road, Trichy. Ph:2763570
  • Renga Nursing Home Thillai Nagar 4th Cross, Trichy. Ph: 2764002
  • Sakunthala Nursing Hospital Thillai Nagar 1st Cross, Trichy. Ph:2760815
  • S.A.M. Poly Clinic Thillai Nagar, Trichy. Ph:2766503
  • Saranya Hospital Woraiyur, Trichy. Ph: 2764454
  • Saravanan Nursing Home Salai Road, Trichy. Ph: 2763976
  • Sea Horse Hospital Cantonment, Trichy. Ph: 2415660 , 2415661 , 2415662
  • Shanavaz Nursing Home Thillai Nagar 11th Cross, Trichy. Ph:2766409
  • Shyamala Nursing Home Cantonment, Trichy. Ph:2410265
  • Sivabakiyam Nursing Home Woraiyur, Trichy. Ph: 2761850
  • Sivakkannu Hospital Tennur, Trichy. Ph: 2765231
  • Siva Sakthi Nursing Home Thillai Nagar, Trichy. Ph: 2700651
  • Sowmanshya Hospital Chinthamani, Trichy. Ph: 2764304
  • Stephen Nursing Home Woraiyur, Trichy. Ph: 2760510
  • Subramaniyam Nursing Home Pattabiraman Pillai Street, Trichy. Ph: 2762996
  • Sundaram Nursing Home Puthur, Trichy. Ph: 2771221
  • Thilak Hospital Thillai Nagar 1st Cross, Trichy. Ph: 2762277 , 2762288
  • Trichy Childrens Hospital Tennur, Trichy. Ph: 2765723 , 2763871
  • Trichy Nursing Home Thillai Nagar 9th Cross, Trichy. Ph: 2766753
  • Trinity Multi Speciality Clinic Cantonment , Trichy. Ph:2460693
  • Vanisri Nursing Home Srirangam, Trichy. Ph: 2432347
  • Vas Hospital Thillai Nagar 5th Cross, Trichy. Ph: 2754266 , 2765610
  • Vasuki Nursing Home Thillai Nagar 3rd Cross, Trichy. Ph: 2762973
  • Veeramanickam Hospital Tanjore Road, Trichy. Ph:2590683
  • Veerasamy Hospital Thillai Nagar 11th Cross, Trichy. Ph: 2765815
  • Venkateswara Poly Clinic T.V.Kovil, Trichy. Ph: 2432927
  • Vikas Hospital Puthur, Trichy. Ph: 2466124
  • Vijaya E.N.T. Hospital Puthur, Trichy. Ph:2766515
  • Vijaya Ragavan Hospital Salai Road, Trichy. Ph: 2760278 , 2761356
  • Vijay Poly Clinic, Thillai Nagar 11th Cross, Trichy. Ph: 2765582 , 2766463
  • Visalambal Hospital Tanjore Road. Ph:2490683
  • Vishali Hospital Salai Road, Trichy. Ph:2766892
  • bharani clinic, manachanalur,iyampalayam,trichy.Ph:9952783767

Tourism

  • Planetarium/Science centre:

The Anna Science Centre-Planetarium is located 5 km from Trichy-Central bus terminus on Pudukkottai road, close to Trichy Airport.

  • Zoo:

A Zoological Park has been proposed to be set-up in Trichy, along the river Cauvery soon.

  • Picnic spots:

Grand Anicut at Kallanai (24 km) is an ancient dam built (according to legends) by Karikala Chola across the river Cauvery in the 1st century CE. It still is in use as part of the district's irrigation system.

Mukkombu or Upper Anicut (18 km) is a wonderful picnic spot where the river Kollidam or Coleroon branches off from the Cauvery.

A picture of upper Anicut or Mukkombu

Viralimalai (30 km) a hillock has a peacock sanctuary at the foothills.

Sittanavasal (58 km) is the site of an ancient Jain monastery with exquisite fresco paintings in a cave. It is also noted for its prehistoric burial grounds.

Puliancholai (72 km) is a waterfall in the foothills of the Kolli hills. It is a nice picnic spot.

Kolli Hills seated on the Pachamalai (Green hills) range which in turn is an eastern offshoot of the Eastern Ghats. The Pachaimalai range of hills is cut across by the river Cauvery at numerous places, forming small valleys. Kolli hills is a low lying hill station with gentle plateau falls inside Trichy district. Though the altitude of these hills is only average, it always has a pleasant climate and many parts of the hills are heavily wooded. However, it has retained its pristine beauty owing to being lesser known among the tourists.

  • Others:

The spectacular Rock Fort Temple, the landmark of the city, is on the shores of the Kaveri. It is perched on a massive rocky outcrop at an altitude of 83 m above sea level. The Thayumanaswamy Temple, dedicated to Lord Shiva, is situated halfway to the top. It has a 100-pillar hall and a vimana covered with gold. On the southern face of the rock are several beautifully carved rock-cut cave temples of the Pallava period.

The Architecture of the St. Joseph's College Church situated within the St. Joseph College Campus on College road is awe inspiring and the height of the church(cross-included) is said to be just 7 feet shorter than the highest point in rock fort.

A famous mosque is located in Palakarai.

The Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple at Srirangam, situated 6 km north of the city, is among the most revered shrines dedicated to Lord Vishnu in South India, and is the largest temple complex in the world. Shrouded in a haze of coconut palms away to the north, the temple is built on an island in the middle of the Kaveri and covers an area of 2.5 km². Enclosed by seven rectangular walled courtyards, this temple has 21 gopurams, the largest of which was completed in 1987 and measures 73 m in height. Srirangam is connected to the mainland by a bridge. The temple is replete with excellent carvings and numerous shrines dedicated to various gods. It is believed that Sri Ramanujar the Vaishavite saint and philosopher is embalmed inside the temple premises in the Sri Ramanujar Sannidhi.

The Jambukeshwara Temple (Thiruvanaikaval), dedicated to lord Shiva, is situated just 2 km east of Srirangam and houses five concentric walls and seven gopurams. Mythology has it that an elephant once worshipped the Lord under the holy Jambu tree, and hence the name Jambukeshwara. The principal deity is the shiva lingam, almost submerged in water, which flows from the subterranean spring in the sanctum sanctorum.

The Samayapuram Mariamman Temple is located 12 km north of the Trichy central bus terminus on Trichy-Chennai NH 45.The Maariamman Temple is one of the most visited shrines in Tamilnadu, dedicated to maariamman, a manifestation of the primeval energy shakti as the mother goddess. The offerings are in various forms. The most common offering is the mavilakku mavu made of jagery, rice-flour, dhal and ghee. mariamman is believed to be a form of shakti associated with prosperity and health. Local beliefs associate the deity with cures for diseases such as small pox and chicken pox. Samayapuram was a local capital of the Vijayanagar rulers in the vicinity of Tiruchirappalli, and was known as Vikramapuram.

There are numerous other churches, temples, and mosques in and around the city.

Kollam pond, is a large water-body located in Crawford lies along the Trichy-Madurai Railway line. The pond is home to different types of bird varieties including ducks and Kingfisher. One could also see few fisherman spreading nets naviagating with the help of vehicle tyre tubes.

Media and communication

The city has two major English dailies, The Hindu and The New Indian Express. Tamil language dailies include Dina Malar, Dina Thanthi, Dina Mani and Dinakaran with two other dailies Tamil Murasu and Malai Malar published in the evening. A short wave radio station is operated by All India Radio, with most programmes in Tamil, English and Hindi. A FM station AIR FM Rainbow operated by All India Radio with the programmes in Tamil, English and Hindi, Also a other Private FM Stations Hello FM 106.4Mhz (Malar Publication), Suryan FM 93.5Mhz (SUN Network) and Holly Cross (Educational) Operated in this City. Television relay started in 1985 from Delhi Doordarshan. In 1986, after inception of a repeater tower at Kodaikanal, telecast from Madras Doordarshan commenced. Television reception is through DTH or by Cable, while "Doordarshan" reception is still available using an external antenna. Trichy has an excellent communication infrastructure, with the major cellular/broadband service providers involved in. Telecom services BSNL (Second Largest Electronic Exchange in Tamilnadu),VSNL (TATA Indicom), Reliance, Vodafone, Airtel, Aircel and BPL available are by Landline, CDMA and GSM. Fiber optic cables were laid in 2001, improving internet access.

Organisations

There are some Social Service organisations in Trichy. The Following details are taken from Trichy Portal.

Annai Ashram : 2341186
Home for Aged : 2532485
Anbalayam : 2333102
Arivalayam : 2552788
GOD'S CARE Theraputic centre for Mentally Challaged. 2/35, Madhulai Kollai Street, Woraiur, 9994304207
Holy Cross : 2771544
Vidivelli : 2702281
Rehabilitation Centre for Blind Women : 2422121
Blind Mission : 2472493
Seva Sangam : 2460253
Manuda Thozhamai : 2465493
Protective Home : 2420617
Sharan Home for Aged and Distitudes : 2340145
New Life Seva Samsthi : 2768392
People Solidarity : 2483897

Entertainment

  • Zoo:
    • A Zoological Park has been proposed to be set-up in Trichy soon.
  • Theme Park:
    • A Water-theme park proposed by Trichy City Corporation is to come-up in Anna Nagar soon. Also another theme park promoted by a private company is under construction near Kudamuratti river within Trichy city limit.
  • Planetarium
    • Anna Planetarium is located at Guttapet,near to Trichy airport.
  • List of Theaters in Trichy

The following list gives the Cinema halls in Trichy city. There are local, defunct and non-operating theatres which are not included in this list.

Cinema Theatres Location Features
Kalaiyarangam Central Bus Stand A/C, DTS, 70MM
Maris Fort Station A/C, DTS, 70MM
Cauvery Palakkarai A/C, DTS
Sona Central Bus Stand A/C, DTS
Mega Star Thillai Nagar A/C, DTS
Ramba Chatram Bus Stand A/C, Qube Digital
Mina Central Bus Stand A/C, DTS, 35MM
Venkatesha Tiruvanaikovil A/C, DTS
Maris Rock Fort Station A/C, DTS
Oorvasi Chathram Bus Stand A/C, 35MM
Star Thennur Terminal A/C, DTS
Ramakrishna Thennur DTS
Maharani E.B.Road 70MM

Places around Trichy

Thanjavur, the capital of the imperial Chola dynasty, is situated 40 km from Trichy. The magnificent Brahadeeswarar temple, dedicated to Lord Shiva, bears witness to the glory of Chola architecture, sculpture and painting. A museum in the temple courtyard has interesting Chola artifacts. The Thanjavur Art Gallery has a priceless collection of bronze icons and granite sculptures dating from the 9th century AD. Thanjavur is famous for souvenirs like Thanjavur Art Plates, handicrafts, hand-woven silk, bronze icons, intricately inlaid brass work and bejeweled paintings.

Srirangam temple in Trichy

Pudukkottai town (48 km) was once a princely state also famously known as Pudukkottai Samasthanam. The area, which comprises the district of the same name, is of absorbing interest to historians, anthropologists, archaeologists, and lovers of art. The numerous dolmens, stone circles, and other forms of megalithic burials in the district indicate the antiquity of this region dating back to pre-historical times. The rulers of Pudukkottai have built several beautiful palaces and constructed tanks and canals. Sri Brahadambal temple is a famous cave temple buit 900 years before by Pallavas. The rulers of Pudukkottai often called in the name of Brahadambal Das as a tribute to the native deity Sri Brahadambal. As the district was a dry place, the erstwhile rulers built lots of water tanks and improved the state much. Other sights include a Museum at Thirugokarnam, Pudukkottai, and famous temples like Bhuvaneswari Temple, Thiruvappur Mariamman Temple, and Santhanatha Sivan Temple. The Bhuvaneswari temple lies near Pudukulam and is an Adishtanam developed by Judge Swamigal. The Bhuvaneswari deity is considered more powerful and huge numbers of people pay obeisance on important days.

Gangaikonda Cholapuram is located at a distance of 97 km from Trichy. The Siva temple called Gangaikondacholesvaram here was conceived and constructed by the Chola king Rajendra I after his victory over the kingdoms in the region of the river Ganges. Apart from the huge Nandi, there are some beautiful sculptures including a dancing Ganesha, a lion-headed well, and a stunning piece depicting Rajendra being crowned by Shiva and Parvati.

Tiruchirappalli District

Tiruchirappalli District has an area of 4,404 square kilometres. It is bounded to the northwest by Namakkal District, to the northeast by Perambalur District, to the east by Thanjavur District, to the southeast by Pudukkottai District, to the south by Madurai district, to the southwest by Dindigul District and, to the west by Karur District.

Notable people

Some prominent people from Trichy include:

References

External links

See also

Search another word or see Tiruchirapallion Dictionary | Thesaurus |Spanish
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature