Town (pop., 2000: 5,167) on Lake George, northeastern New York, U.S. In 1755 the French built Fort Carillon on nearby Lake Champlain. Captured by the British in 1759, the fort was renamed Ticonderoga. In 1775, at the start of the American Revolution, it was seized by Ethan Allen and his Green Mountain Boys. The British retook it in 1777 but abandoned it after the Battle of Saratoga. The restored fort and the area around the town are now tourist attractions.
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The Town of Ticonderoga is in the southeastern part of the county and is south of Plattsburgh.
The town was located on the direct route, utilizing rivers and two long lakes, between New York City to the south and the French settlement of Montreal to the north. The town was the setting for historic battles and maneuvers during both the French and Indian War and the American Revolution. The site of Fort Ticonderoga marked the location of an important portage between Lake George and Lake Champlain.
The Town of Ticonderoga was formed in 1804 from part of the Town of Crown Point. By the end of the 18th Century, town was noted for wood products such as paper and lead pencils. The position of Ticonderoga village at the north end of Lake George made it an important port.
Historical Fort Ticonderoga is in this town, east of the community of Ticonderoga.
The town borders both north end of Lake George and south end of Lake Champlain. The short, but rapidly flowing, La Chute River connects the two lakes. The east town line is the border of Vermont, and the south town line is the county line of Warren County and Washington County.
New York State Route 9N is a north-south highway. Another north-south highway, New York State Route 22, is partly conjoined with NY-9N in the town. New York State Route 74, an east-west highway intersects NY-9N/NY-22 near Ticonderoga village.
There were 2,028 households out of which 31.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.0% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.3% were non-families. 28.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.04.
In the town the population was spread out with 26.7% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 26.2% from 25 to 44, 24.4% from 45 to 64, and 16.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 93.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.4 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $34,160, and the median income for a family was $41,992. Males had a median income of $35,896 versus $21,441 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,418. About 10.5% of families and 15.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.4% of those under age 18 and 9.7% of those age 65 or over.