is a town
in Essex County
, New York
. The population was 5,167 at the 2000 census. The name comes from the Mohawk tekontaró:ken
, meaning "it is at the junction of two waterways".
The Town of Ticonderoga is in the southeastern part of the county and is south of Plattsburgh.
The crossing between Lakes George and Champlain had been used by natives for thousands of years. In the 17th Century, French explorers such as Samuel de Champlain
probably knew the town.
The town was located on the direct route, utilizing rivers and two long lakes, between New York City to the south and the French settlement of Montreal to the north. The town was the setting for historic battles and maneuvers during both the French and Indian War and the American Revolution. The site of Fort Ticonderoga marked the location of an important portage between Lake George and Lake Champlain.
The Town of Ticonderoga was formed in 1804 from part of the Town of Crown Point. By the end of the 18th Century, town was noted for wood products such as paper and lead pencils. The position of Ticonderoga village at the north end of Lake George made it an important port.
Historical Fort Ticonderoga is in this town, east of the community of Ticonderoga.
According to the United States Census Bureau
, the town has a total area of 88.3 square miles
), of which, 81.8 square miles (211.8 km²) of it is land and 6.5 square miles (16.8 km²) of it (7.36%) is water.
The town borders both north end of Lake George and south end of Lake Champlain. The short, but rapidly flowing, La Chute River connects the two lakes. The east town line is the border of Vermont, and the south town line is the county line of Warren County and Washington County.
New York State Route 9N is a north-south highway. Another north-south highway, New York State Route 22, is partly conjoined with NY-9N in the town. New York State Route 74, an east-west highway intersects NY-9N/NY-22 near Ticonderoga village.
As of the census
of 2000, there were 5,167 people, 2,028 households, and 1,352 families residing in the town. The population density
was 63.2 people per square mile (24.4/km²). There were 2,581 housing units at an average density of 31.6/sq mi (12.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.08% White
, 0.46% African American
, 0.31% Native American
, 0.27% Asian
, 0.02% Pacific Islander
, and 0.85% from two or more races. Hispanic
of any race were 0.41% of the population.
There were 2,028 households out of which 31.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.0% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.3% were non-families. 28.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.04.
In the town the population was spread out with 26.7% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 26.2% from 25 to 44, 24.4% from 45 to 64, and 16.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 93.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.4 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $34,160, and the median income for a family was $41,992. Males had a median income of $35,896 versus $21,441 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,418. About 10.5% of families and 15.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.4% of those under age 18 and 9.7% of those age 65 or over.
Communities and locations in Ticonderoga
- Baldwin -- A hamlet located on the western shore of Lake George on County Road 5, southwest of Ticonderoga village.
- Black Point -- The eastern shore of Lake George.
- Chilson -- Sparsely populated location near the town's geographic center on NY-74.
- Eagle Lake -- A lake at the north town line, bordered by NY-74 on the south side.
- Fort Ticonderoga -- The historic fort that figured in two colonial wars.
- Fort Ticonderoga Station -- A location southeast of Ticonderoga village on the east side of Mt Defiance. The modern AMTRAK station is located in Ticonderoga village.
- Mount Defiance -- An elevation on the south side of the village and overlooks Fort Ticonderoga.
- Putnam Pond -- A small lake in the western part of Ticonderoga.
- Street Road -- The location in the north end of the town, situated around NY-9N.
- Ticonderoga -- The hamlet of Ticonderoga is located in the southeast part of the town, situated on the La Chute River.
- Ticonderoga Muni (4B6) -- A general aviation airport north of Ticonderoga village.
- Silver Bay YMCA -- A YMCA conference and training center half an hour drive south off the town.
- Wallace MacAlpine
- Carroll Lonergan
- James Cawley
- Nelson Shapiro
Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, provides service to Ticonderoga, operating its Adirondack
daily in both directions between Montreal
and New York City