Thyra of Denmark

Princess Thyra of Denmark

Princess Thyra of Denmark (Thyra [ˈtʃuːrə] Amelia Caroline Charlotte Anne; Danish: Thyra Amalia Caroline Charlotte Anna) 29 September 185326 February 1933) was the youngest daughter of Christian IX of Denmark and Louise of Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel).

Early life

Thyra was the sister of Frederik VIII of Denmark, Queen Alexandra of the United Kingdom, George I of Greece and Empress Maria Fyodorovna of Russia. Thyra was an attractive and gentle young woman, with blonde hair and dark blue eyes. Queen Louise wanted her youngest daughter to make a good marriage as her elder daughters had. Thyra's first suitor was King Willem III of the Netherlands, but as he was thirty six years older than her, she rejected him. He later married Emma of Waldeck and Pyrmont. Their daughter became Wilhelmina of the Netherlands and her descendants sit on the throne of the Netherlands.


On 22 December 1878, she married Crown Prince Ernest Augustus of Hanover, 3rd Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale in Copenhagen. Ernst Augustus was eldest child and only son of King George V of Hanover and his wife, Princess Marie of Saxe-Altenburg.

Before her marriage, Thyra had fallen in love with Vilhelm Frimann Marcher, a lieutenant in the cavalry, which resulted in a pregnancy. Her brother George I of Greece suggested that she have the baby in Athens to avoid scandal; the Danish press was told Thyra had been taken ill with jaundice. She gave birth to a girl, Maria, on 8 November 1871 at Schloß Glücksburg, who was adopted by Rasmus and Anne Marie Jørgensen of Odense. Marcher killed himself on 4 January 1872 after a confrontation with the King.

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles and styles

  • 29 September 1853 – 1858: Her Highness Princess Thyra of Denmark
  • 1858 – 22 December 1878: Her Royal Highness Princess Thyra of Denmark
  • 22 December 1878 – 28 March 1919: Her Royal Highness The Crown Princess of Hanover, Duchess of Cumberland and Teviotdale
  • 28 March 1919 – 26 February 1933: Her Royal Highness The Crown Princess of Hanover


The Duke and Duchess of Cumberland had six children:
Name Birth Death Notes
Princess Marie Louise of Hanover and Cumberland 11 October 1879 31 January 1948 married Prince Maximilian of Baden (10 July 1867-6 November 1929); had issue
Prince George William of Hanover and Cumberland 28 October 1880 20 May 1912
Princess Alexandra of Hanover and Cumberland 29 September 1882 30 August 1963 married Friedrich Franz IV, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (9 April 1882-17 November 1945)
Princess Olga of Hanover and Cumberland 11 July 1884 21 September 1958
Prince Christian of Hanover and Cumberland 4 July 1885 3 September 1901
Prince Ernest Augustus of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick 17 November 1887 30 January 1953 married Princess Viktoria Luise of Prussia (13 September 1892-11 December 1980)



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