is a 1966 novel by Bernard Malamud
which is based on the true story of Menahem Mendel Beilis
, an unjustly imprisoned Jew
in Tsarist Russia
. The notorious "Beilis trial
" of 1913 caused an international uproar that forced Russia to back down in the face of world indignation. The trial is fictionalized using a very similar story line. The book won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction
The book was later adapted into a film.