The Black Road is a 2005 documentary by William Nessen. The film was shot on location in Aceh, and reports on the Province’s battle for independence from Indonesia. Although the film was originally a television documentary, produced for SBS in Australia, it has since been shown around the world at film festivals and presentations on the subject. The film is critically acclaimed and has received several awards, both Australian and international. The Black Road was among four films on the subject of separatism that the Indonesian Film Censorship Institute banned in the country.
, an American freelance journalist, travels to Aceh, Indonesia to cover the conflict
which was taking place there at the time. Shot over a period of four years, The Black Road
follows Nessen as he transforms from being an objective journalist
to a supporter of the Free Aceh Movement
(Gerakan Aceh Merdeka, or GAM).
While the 2004 tsunami made Aceh, an Indonesian Province on the northern tip of Sumatra, well known across the world, most people remain ignorant of its 27-year struggle for independence.
William Nessen first travelled to Aceh in 2001, as a print journalist. At this point, Nessen had no plans for a film, but recorded footage which he intended to sell to television networks. He began to visit General Bambang Darmono, the leader of the Indonesian military in Aceh. Gaining the trust of General Darmono, Nessen was able to obtain information and shooting opportunities that would have been unavailable to most other journalists. During this period he fell in love with a trusted military translator, Sya’diah Syeh Marhaban, who was a spy for the separatist movement. They worked together, continuing to extract sensitive information from General Darmono. Nessen, as his collection of footage grew, thought of making a film. This idea would later evolve into The Black Road.
Nessen and Marhaban were married in Aceh. Only a few days after the wedding Nessen’s best man, a human rights activist, was kidnapped and murdered by Indonesian security forces. It became clear to Nessen that the independence movement was supported by the majority of the Acehnese. As his personal experiences began to influence him, he too began to support the GAM. He went to live on the front lines with the rebels many times, travelling between General Darmono and the guerrillas in secret. In total, Nessen spent more than a year with the GAM before the military realised what he was doing. He was hunted and almost killed by the Indonesian military, who accused him of espionage. After being ordered to stop reporting from rebel held areas, Nessen spent weeks running from the authorities. After many near-death experiences, he turned himself into the military and was then imprisoned for forty days. Following this he was deported to Singapore and banned from entering Indonesia for one year, a ban that has been renewed each year since 2004.
Between 2001 and 2003, Nessen spent almost a year in Aceh. During this time, Nessen was repeatedly ordered to stop reporting from rebel-held areas. Upon giving himself up to Indonesian authorities, Nessen was imprisoned for 40 days. The Indonesian military originally accused him of espionage, and threatened the death penalty, but due to U.S. Embassy
involvement in the case Nessen was found to be innocent, and was only charged with failing to inform officials of an address change and failing to report to martial law authorities. Following this he was expelled from Indonesia and was denied entry for a year.
A year after the film's release, Nessen was invited to visit his wife's relatives in Aceh. However, upon arrival at the Polonia Airport on Wednesday, the 19th of April 2006, Nessen was denied entry to Indonesia. No reason was given to him, but his wife told newspapers that the government still considers him a threat.
The film was produced for SBS
and was aired on August 22, 2006. It has been shown at a range of other venues, including film festivals and presentations that William Nessen has given on the subject.
Along with three similar films, The Black Road
was banned from being shown at an international film festival by the Indonesian Film Censorship Institute. This decision was attacked as a breach of free speech and freedom of the press.
The Black Road has been criticized on many counts. It tends to focus more on Nessen's personal adventures than on the reality of both GAM and Indonesian soldiers or civilians. His footage attacks only the most liberal Indonesian Generals, the only ones who would work with foreign media. Nessen fails to interview GAM rank and file, instead focusing on his personal excitement at attacking Indonesian soldiers and his own wedding. Finally, the conclusion is widely seen as forced, over the top sentiment which ignores the popular changes after the disaster, namely lack of support for continued fighting. While many of these criticisms are valid, The Black Road is indeed a personal account of a journalist's story that ultimately changes him from objective observer to sympathetic participant and gives an insight into the difficulties of remaining impartial when covering such stories.
The film received good reviews from newspapers around the globe.