Thalpomys lasiotis

List of mammals in Brazil

Brazil has the largest mammal diversity in the world, with more than 500 described species and, probably, many yet to be discovered. According to the World Conservation Union sixty-six of these species are endangered species and 40% of the threatened taxa belong to the primate group.

Around twenty-nine percent of listed species are marine, 18% occur in the Atlantic Rain Forest, 13% in the Pampas, 12% in the cerrado, 11% in the Pantanal, 7% in the Amazon and 6% in the Caatinga.

Total Number of species listed: 589

Didelphimorphia

Didelphidae - Opossums

Xenarthra

Bradypodidae - Three-toed Sloths

Megalonychidae - Two-toed Sloth

Dasypodidae - Armadillos

Myrmecophagidae - Anteaters

Chiroptera

Noctilionidae - Bulldog Bats

Emballonuridae - Ghost Bats, Sac-winged Bats and Allies

Mormoopidae - Mustached Bats

Phyllostomidae - Leaf-nosed Bats

Natalidae - Funnel-eared Bats

Furipteridae - Thumbless Bats

Thyropteridae - Disc-winged Bats

Vespertilionidae - Vesper Bats

Molossidae - Free-tailed Bats

Primates

Callitrichidae - Tamarins, Lion Tamarins and Marmosets

Cebidae - Capuchin Monkeys

Aotidae - Night Monkeys

Pitheciidae - Uakaris, Titi Monkeys and Saki Monkeys

Atelidae - Spider Monkeys, Muriquis and Woolly Monkeys

Carnivora

Canidae - Foxes, Wolves and Allies

Felidae - Wild Cats

Mustelidae - Otters, Weasels and Allies

Mephitidae - Skunks

Otariidae - Eared Seals

Phocidae - Earless Seals

Procyonidae - Raccoons, Coatis, Olingos and Allies

Cetacea

Balaenidae - Right Whales

Balaenopteridae - Rorquals

Delphinidae - Dolphins

Phocoenidae - Porpoises

Physeteridae

Platanistidae - River Dolphins

Ziphiidae - Beaked Whales

Sirenia

Trichechidae - Manatees

Perissodactyla

Tapiridae - Tapirs

Artiodactyla

Suidae - Pigs

Tayassuidae - Peccaries

Cervidae - Deers

Rodentia

Sciuridae - Squirrels

Myocastoridae

Muridae - Old World rats and Allies

Cricetidae - New World rats and Allies

Erethizontidae - New World porcupines

Dinomyidae

Caviidae - Guinea Pigs and Cavies

Hydrochaeridae

Dasyproctidae - Agoutis and Acouchis

Cuniculidae

  • Paca - Cuniculus paca

Ctenomyidae - Tuco-tucos

Echimyidae - Spiny Rats and Allies

Lagomorpha

Leporidae - Rabbits and Hares

References

  • Costa, L.P. et al. 2005. Mammal Conservation in Brazil. Conservation Biology 19(3), pp.672-679.
  • natureserve.org

See also

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