is a town in south western Queensland
. The town is located in the Balonne Shire Local Government Area
, 571 kilometres west of the state capital, Brisbane
. Thallon is situated between St George
and the border with New South Wales
. The town is named after a Queensland Commissioner for railways, J.F Thallon. At the 2006 census
, Thallon and the surrounding area had a population of 292.
Explorer Thomas Mitchell was the first European in the Thallon district and his initials can still be found on a bloodwood tree near the Moonie River. In 1911, the area was set aside for closer settlement and 780 acres were gazetted as a town reserve. With the coming of the railway, the town developed and shops and a hotel were established. Thallon is now a major wheat and woolgrowing area.