Texhoma is a town in Texas County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 935 at the 2000 census. Founded around the Rock Island Railroad laying tracks through the area, much of the town's local economy is from ranching and livestock. Texhoma is a divided city with the Texas-Oklahoma state border separating the town from Texhoma, Texas.
Before No Man's Land
was opened for settlers in 1890, the area now known as the Oklahoma Panhandle
was sparsely settled ranchland. After the opening some of the land was filed on near the ranch headquarters, mostly by the cowboys, and sold to the ranch as soon as proved up. Expansion of the Rock Island Railroad
tracks from Liberal, Kansas
to Santa Rosa, New Mexico
spurred the settlement's formation.
A post office named Loretta was established May 7, 1898, but the name and location was changed to Texhoma in November 12, 1901, as there was another Loretta, Oklahoma. Very few claims were filed on until the railroad was assured. The town grew quickly to a population near 1,000, serving as the closest railroad town to the people who lived as far north and west as present Boise City, and south into the Texas Panhandle to the present town of Gruver.
The land was quickly homesteaded and proved to be a rich agricultural area.
Texhoma is located at (36.504421, -101.786517).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.6 square miles (1.6 km²), all of it land.
As of the census
of 2000, there were 935 people, 352 households, and 254 families residing in the town. The population density
was 1,495.0 people per square mile (573.0/km²). There were 408 housing units at an average density of 652.3/sq mi (250.0/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 81.60% White
, 0.96% Native American
, 0.21% Asian
, 14.76% from other races
, and 2.46% from two or more races. Hispanic
of any race were 31.76% of the population.
There were 352 households out of which 39.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.5% were married couples living together, 5.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.8% were non-families. 25.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.15.
In the town the population was spread out with 31.2% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 18.6% from 45 to 64, and 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 113.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.5 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $27,500, and the median income for a family was $36,667. Males had a median income of $23,229 versus $18,250 for females. The per capita income for the town was $12,938. About 11.7% of families and 15.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.9% of those under age 18 and 17.8% of those age 65 or over.
Texhoma students are served jointly by two districts: kindergarten through fourth grade students by Texhoma Independent School District
in Texas and fifth through twelfth grade students by Texhoma Public Schools
in Oklahoma. For much of the 20th century, the divided town was served by a single school district. It is the only city in Oklahoma where graduating students can attend either Oklahoma or Texas Universities and pay in-state tuition for either.
Sites of interest
Texhoma High School is housed in a pair of monolithic dome
Registered Historic Places in the Texhoma area:
- John Fischer, editor of Harper's Magazine, 1953-1967
- Patience Latting, Oklahoma City mayor, 1971-1983
- Leon Fields, OK Representative & State Senator
- Wright Langum, Los Alamos scientist
- Esther and J.B. Riffe, philanthropists
- JPR Sewell, OK State Representative
- Frank Sewell, OK State Representative
- Marian Settles, missionary in Africa
- G.A. Acock, Representative
- Charles Fred Krull, Agronomist
- Ralph A. Hamilton, Musician/Engineer- Lockheed California company