) is the ninth letter of many Semitic abjads
, including Phoenician
, Hebrew Tet
ܛ and Arabic
ط; it is 9th in abjadi order and 16th in modern Arabic order.
Its sound value is tˤ, one of the Semitic emphatic consonants.
The Phoenician letter gave rise to the Greek Theta (Θ).
The Phoenician letter name means "wheel", but the letter possibly (according to Brian Colless
) continues a Middle Bronze Age
glyph named "good", tayeb
طيب in modern Arabic, based on the nfr
In Modern Hebrew
, Tet represents a voiceless alveolar plosive
/t/, although this can be pharyngealized
to produce [tˤ] in traditional Temani
, Tet represents the number nine. When followed by an apostrophe, it means 9,000. The most common example of this usage is in the numbers of the Hebrew years
(i.e. ט'תשנד in numbers
would be the date
As well, in gematria, the number 15 is written with Tet and Vav, (9+6) to avoid the normal construction Yud and Hei (10+5) which spells a name of God. Similarly, 16 is written with Tet and Zayin (9+7) instead of Yud and Vav (10+6) to avoid spelling part of the Tetragrammaton.
Tet is also one of the seven letters which receive a special crown (called a tagin) when written in a Sefer Torah. See Shin, Ayin, Gimmel, Nun, Zayin, and Tzadi.
The letter is named ṭāʼ
pronunciation: [tˤ]. It is written in several ways depending in its position in the word: