Newport class tank landing ships are an improved class of American tank landing ship (LST), intended to provide substantial advantages over their World War II-era predecessors. Of the twenty completed, four were sunk as targets, four were retained as inactive reserves and the rest were sold to foreign navies.
The Newport class has higher speeds and trimmer lines than the LSTs of World War II. The vessels have two huge derricks used to extend and retract a bow ramp. The ramp has a 75-ton capacity.
The Newport class is the first amphibious ship to be fitted with an internal side propulsion unit located below the waterline near the bow. The bow thruster allows the bow to be pushed from side to side while the stern remains nearly stationary.
This class of LST also has a stern gate. It allows them to load and launch amphibious assault vehicles, and permits sterngate marriages with Landing Craft Utility (LCU) units.
|Ship Name||Hull No.||Builder||Commission–|
|Newport||LST-1179||Philadelphia Naval Shipyard||1969-1992||Sold to Mexican Navy as Papaloapan (ARM A-411)|
|Manitowoc||LST-1180||Philadelphia Naval Shipyard||1970-1993||Sold to Republic of China Navy as ChongHe (LST-232)|
|Sumter||LST-1181||Philadelphia Naval Shipyard||1970-1993||Sold to Republic of China Navy as ChongPing (LST-233)|
|Fresno||LST-1182||National Steel & SB||1969-1993||Proposed for transfer to the Peruvian Navy from inactive reserve|
|Peoria||LST-1183||National Steel & SB||1970-1994||Disposed of in support of Fleet training exercise, 7/12/2004|
|Frederick||LST-1184||National Steel & SB||1970-2002||Sold to Mexican Navy as Usumacinta (ARM A-412), 11/22/2002|
|Schenectady||LST-1185||National Steel & SB||1970-1993||Disposed of in support of Fleet training exercise, 11/23/2004|
|Cayuga||LST-1186||National Steel & SB||1970-1994||Sold to Brazilian Navy as ''NDCC Mattoso Maia (G-28)|
|Tuscaloosa||LST-1187||National Steel & SB||1970-1993||Inactive reserve, 2/18/1994|
|Saginaw||LST-1188||National Steel & SB||1971-1994||Sold to Royal Australian Navy to as HMAS Kanimbla|
|San Bernardino||LST-1189||National Steel & SB||1971-1995||Sold to Chilean Navy to as Valdivia (LST 93)|
|Boulder||LST-1190||National Steel & SB||1971-1994||Inactive reserve, 2/28/1994|
|Racine||LST-1191||National Steel & SB||1971-1993||Proposed for transfer to the Peruvian Navy from inactive reserve|
|Spartanburg County||LST-1192||National Steel & SB||1971-1994||Sold to Royal Malaysian Navy as KD Sri Indera Pura (A-1505)|
|Fairfax County||LST-1193||National Steel & SB||1971-1994||Sold to Royal Australian Navy as HMAS Manoora|
|La Moure County||LST-1194||National Steel & SB||1971-2000||Disposed of in support of Fleet training exercise, 7/10/2001|
|Barbour County||LST-1195||National Steel & SB||1972-1992||Disposed of in support of Fleet training exercise, 4/06/2004|
|Harlan County||LST-1196||National Steel & SB||1972-1995||Sold to Spanish Navy as Pizarro (L-42)|
|Barnstable County||LST-1197||National Steel & SB||1972-1994||Sold to Spanish Navy as Hernán Cortés (L-41)|
|Bristol County||LST-1198||National Steel & SB||1972-1994||Sold to Moroccan Navy as Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdallah (407)|