Teresa Ceolin

Ontario general election, 2003

The Ontario general election of 2003 was held on October 2, 2003, to elect the 103 members of the 38th Legislative Assembly (Members of Provincial Parliament, or "MPPs") of the Province of Ontario, Canada.

The election was called on September 2 by Premier Ernie Eves to capitalize on an increase in support for the governing Ontario Progressive Conservative Party in the days following the 2003 North American blackout. The election was won, however, by the Ontario Liberal Party, led by Dalton McGuinty.

Lead up to the campaign

In 1995, the Ontario Progressive Conservative Party or "Tories" under Mike Harris came from third place to upset the front-running Ontario Liberal Party under Lyn McLeod and the highly unpopular governing Ontario New Democratic Party under Bob Rae to form a majority government. The Harris government was far more activist than earlier Ontario PC governments, and over the next two terms moved to cut personal income tax rates by 30%, closed almost 40 hospitals to increase efficiency, cut the Ministry of the Environment staff in half, and undertook massive reforms of the education system including mandatory teacher testing and student testing in public education and public tax credits for parents who sent their children to private schools.

In the 1999 provincial election, the Tories were able to ride a strong economy and a campaign aimed at proving rookie Liberal leader Dalton McGuinty was "not up to the job" to another majority government. However, the Walkerton Tragedy, where a contaminated water supply led to the deaths of 7 people and illness of at least 2,300 were linked in part to government environment and regulatory cutbacks, the government was badly damaged. A movement to provide tax credits to parents with children in private schools also proved to be unpopular.

In September 2001, Harris announced his intention to resign and the PC party called a leadership convention for 2002 to replace him. Five candidates emerged: former Finance Minister Ernie Eves who had retired earlier that year, Finance Minister Jim Flaherty, Environment Minister Elizabeth Witmer, Health Minister Tony Clement and Labour Minister Chris Stockwell. The resulting leadership election was divisive in the PC Party, with Flaherty adopting a hard-right platform and attacking the front-running Eves as "a pale, pink imitation of Dalton McGuinty" and a "serial waffler." At one point, anti-abortion activists apparently supporting Flaherty distributed pamphlets attacking Tony Clement because his wife worked for hospitals that performed abortions. At the convention, Eves was able to win on the second ballot after Elizabeth Witmer and Tony Clement both endorsed him.

Eves took office on April 15, 2002, and promptly re-aligned his government to the political centre. The party would negotiate a deal with striking government workers, dramatically cancel an IPO of Hydro One, the government's electricity transmission company, and defer planned tax breaks for corporations and private schools for a year. With polls showing the Conservatives moving from a 15 point deficit to a tie in public opinion with the Liberals, the media praising Eves' political reorientation of the government, and the opposition Liberals reeling from the seizure of some of their political turf, the time seemed ripe for a snap election call. Many political observers felt that Eves had the momentum to win an election at that time.

However, several factors likely convinced Eves to wait to call an election. First, in 1990, the Liberals had lost the election in part due to perceptions that they called the election early for purely partisan reasons. Since then, the shortest distance between elections has been four years less five days (Ontario has since moved to fixed date election dates). Second, the PC Party was exhausted and divided from a six-month leadership contest. Third, the move to the centre had created opposition in traditional Conservative support. Financial conservatives and businesses were angered over Eves' cancellation of the hydro IPO. Others felt betrayed that promised tax cuts had not been delivered, seemingly breaking the PCs' own Taxpayer Protection Act, while private school supporters were upset their promised tax credit had been delayed for a year.

In the fall of 2002, the opposition Liberals began a round of attacks on perceived PC mismanagement. First, Jim Flaherty was embroiled in scandal when it was revealed that his leadership campaign's largest donor had received a highly lucrative contract for slot machines from the government. Then, Tourism Minister Cam Jackson was forced to resign when the Liberals revealed he had charged taxpayers more than $100,000 for hotel rooms, steak dinners and alcoholic beverages. The Liberals showed the Tories had secretly given a large tax break to the Toronto Blue Jays, a team owned by prominent Tory Ted Rogers.

At the same time, both the New Democrats and Liberals criticized the government over skyrocketing electricity prices. In May 2002, the government had followed California and Alberta in deregulating the electricity market. With contracting supply due to construction delays at the Pickering nuclear power plant and rising demand for electricity in an unusually warm autumn, the spot price for electricity rose, resulting in consumer outrage. In November, Eves fixed the price of electricity and ended the open market, appeasing consumers but angering conservative free-marketers.

That winter, Eves promised a provincial budget before the beginning of the fiscal year, to help hospitals and schools budget effectively. However, as multiple scandals in the fall had already made the party unwilling to return to Question Period, they wished to dismiss the Legislative Assembly of Ontario until as late as possible in the spring. The budget was instead to be announced at the Magna International headquarters in Newmarket, Ontario rather than in the Legislature. The move was met with outrage from the PC Speaker, Gary Carr who called the move unconstitutional and would rule that it was a prima facae case of contempt of the legislature. The controversy over the location of the budget would far outstrip any support earned by the content of the budget.

The government faced a major crisis when SARS killed several people in Toronto and threatened the stability of the health care system. On April 23, when the World Health Organization advised against all but essential travel to Toronto to prevent the spread of the virus, Toronto tourism greatly suffered.

When the spring session was finally convened in late spring, the Eves government was forced through three days of debate on the contempt motion over the Magna budget followed by weeks of calls for the resignation of Energy Minister Chris Stockwell. Stockwell was accused of accepting thousands of dollars in undeclared gifts from Ontario Power Generation, an arms length crown corporation he regulated, when he travelled to Europe in the summer of 2002. Stockwell finally stepped aside after dominating the provincial news for almost a month, and would not seek reelection.

By the summer of 2003, the Progressive Conservatives received an unexpected opportunity to re-gain popularity in the form of the 2003 North American blackout. When the blackout hit, Eves initially received criticism for his late response; however, as he led a series of daily briefings to the press in the days after the blackout, Eves was able to demonstrate leadership and stayed cool under pressure. The crisis also allowed Eves to highlight his principal campaign themes of experience, proven competence and ability to handle the government. When polls began to register a moderate increase for the Conservatives, the table was set for an election call.

Progressive Conservative campaign

In 1995 and 1999, the Progressive Conservatives ran highly focused, disciplined campaigns based on lessons learned principally in US states by the Republican Party. In 1995, the core PC strategy was to polarize the electorate around a handful of controversial ideas that would split opposition between the other two parties. The PCs stressed radical tax cuts, opposition to job quotas, slashing welfare rates and a few hot button issues like opposing photo radar and establish "boot camps" for young offenders. They positioned leader Mike Harris as an average-guy populist who would restore common sense to government after ten lost years of NDP and Liberal mismanagement. The campaign manifesto, released in 1994, was titled the "Common Sense Revolution" and advocated a supply side economics solution to a perceived economic malaise.

In 1999, the PCs were able to point to increased economic activity as evidence that their supply side plan worked. Their basic strategy was to again polarize the electorate around a handful of controversial ideas and their record while preventing opposition from rallying exclusively around the Liberals by undermining confidence in Liberal leader Dalton McGuinty. They ran a series of negative television ads against McGuinty in an attempt to brand him as "not up to the job." At the same time, they emphasized their economic record, while downplaying disruptions in health care and education as part of a needed reorganization of public services that promoted efficiency and would lead to eventual improvements.

Both campaigns proved highly successful and the principal architects of those campaigns had been dubbed the "whiz kids" by the press. David Lindsay, Mike Harris' chief of staff, was responsible for the overall integration of policy, communications, campaign planning and transition to government while Mitch Patten served as campaign secretary. Tom Long and Leslie Noble jointly ran the campaigns, with Long serving as campaign chair and Noble as campaign manager. Paul Rhodes, a former reporter, was responsible for media relations. Deb Hutton was Mike Harris' right arm as executive assistant. Jaime Watt and Perry Miele worked on the advertising. Guy Giorno worked on policy and speechwriting in 1995 and in 1999 was in charge of overall messaging. Scott Munnoch was tour director and Glen Wright rode the leader's bus. Future leader John Tory worked on fundraising and debate prep, and was actually one of two people (the other was John Matheson) to play Liberal leader Dalton McGuinty during preparation for the 1999 leaders' debate. (Andy Brandt and Giorno played NDP leader Howard Hampton.)

Heading into 2003, Tom Long refused to work for Ernie Eves. Most speculated that Long saw Eves as too wishy-washy and not enough of a traditional hard-right conservative. Jaime Watt took Long's position as campaign co-chair and more or less all the same players settled into the same spot. A few new faces included Jeff Bangs as campaign manager. Bangs was a long-time Eves loyalist who had grown up in his riding of Parry Sound.

The Progressive Conservatives once again planned on polarizing the electorate around a handful of hot button campaign pledges. However, with their party and government listing in public opinion polls, they found their only strong contrasts were around the experience and stature of Premier Eves. Their campaign slogan "Experience You Can Trust" was designed to highlight Eves' years in office.

The party platform, dubbed "The Road Ahead," was longer and broader than in earlier years. Five main planks would emerge for the campaign:

  1. Tax deductions for mortgage payments.
  2. Rebate seniors the education portion of their property taxes.
  3. Tax credits for parents sending their children to private schools.
  4. Banning teachers' strikes by sending negotiations to binding arbitration.
  5. A "Made-in-Ontario" immigration system.

Each plank was targeted at a key Tory voting bloc: homeowners, seniors, religious conservatives, parents and law-and-order types.

Eves' campaigning followed a straight-forward pattern. Eves would highlight one of the five elements of the platform and then attack Dalton McGuinty for opposing it. For instance, he would visit the middle-class home of a visible minority couple with two kids and talk about how much money they would get under his mortgage deducatability plan. That would be followed by an attack on McGuinty for having a secret plan to raise their taxes. Or he would campaign in a small town assembly plant and talk about how under a "Made-in-Ontario" immigration plan fewer new Canadians would settle in Toronto and more outside the city, helping the plant manager with his labour shortage. Then he would link McGuinty to Prime Minister of Canada Jean Chrétien and say McGuinty supported the federal immigration system that allows terrorists and criminals into the country.

The Tory television advertising also attempted to polarize the election around these issues.

In one of the ads, a voice-over accompanying an unflattering photo of the Liberal leader asks "Ever wonder why Dalton McGuinty wants to raise your taxes?" The ad then points out that McGuinty has opposed Tory plans to allow homeowners a tax deduction on mortgage interest and to give senior citizens a break on their property taxes.

In another ad, the voice-over asks "Doesn't he (McGuinty) know that a child's education is too important to be disrupted by lockouts and strikes?" It says that McGuinty has sided with the unions and rejected the Tory proposal to ban teacher strikes.

Both ads end with the attack "He's still not up to the job."

Armed with a majority, the Tories were hoping to hold the seats they already had, while targeting a handful of rural Liberal seats in hopes of increasing their majority. They campaigned relatively little in Northern Ontario, with the exception of North Bay and Parry Sound, both of which they held.

Liberal campaign

The first half of Dalton McGuinty's 1999 campaign was widely criticized as disorganized and uninspired, and most journalists believe he gave a poor performance in the leaders' debate. However, McGuinty was able to rally his party in the last ten days. On election day, the Liberals won 40% of the vote, their second best showing in almost fifty years. Perhaps more importantly, nine new MPPs were elected, boosting the caucus from 30 to 36, including dynamic politicians like George Smitherman and Michael Bryant.

In 1999, the Liberal strategy had been to polarize the electorate between Mike Harris and Dalton McGuinty. They purposely put out a platform that was devoid of ideas, to ensure the election was about the Tory record, and not the Liberal agenda. To an extent, they succeeded. Support for the NDP collapsed from 21% to just 13%, while the Liberals climbed 9%. However, while they almost cornered the market of those angry at the Tories, they could not convince enough people to be angry at the Tories to win.

The night he conceded defeat, McGuinty was already planning how to win the next election. He set out the themes that the Liberals would build into their next platform. Liberals, he said, would offer "some of those things that Ontarians simply have to be able to count on - good schools, good hospitals, good health care, good education and something else.... We want to bring an end to fighting so we can finally start working together."

McGuinty replaced many of his young staff with experienced political professionals he recruited. Three he kept in key positions were Don Guy, his campaign manager and a pollster with Pollara, Matt Maychak, his director of communications, and Bob Lopinski, his director of issues management. To develop his platform, he added to this a new chief of staff, Phil Dewan, a former policy director for Premier David Peterson and Ottawa veteran Gerald M. Butts. He also sought out Peterson-era Ontario Minister of Labour Greg Sorbara to run for president of the Ontario Liberal Party.

Early on, McGuinty set down three strategic imperatives. First, no tax cuts. This ran against the conventional wisdom of politics that you had to offer tax cuts to win; everyone from Mike Harris to Bill Clinton had campaigned on reducing the tax burden on the middle class. But McGuinty was determined that Ontario voters would accept that the money was needed to restore public health care and education services. Second, a positive tone. McGuinty wanted to avoid the typical opposition leader role of automatically opposing whatever the government announced, and instead, set the agenda with positive alternatives. While attacking your opponent was important, that would be left to caucus surrogates. Third, one big team. At the time, the Ontario Liberal Party was riven into factions. Peterson-era people distrusted more recent arrivals. Jean Chrétien supporters fought with Paul Martin supporters. McGuinty set a tone that divisions were left at the door.

The emphasis on building the team was highly successful as job that in 1999 were done by one person were now assigned to groups of four or six or eight. Dewan brought on board veterans of the Peterson regime such as Sheila James, Vince Borg and David MacNaughton. From Ottawa, campaign veterans such as Warren Kinsella, Derek Kent and Gordon Ashworth signed on to help oust the Ontario Tories from power.

The Liberal strategy was the same as in 1999: polarize the election between the Conservatives and Liberals to marginalize the NDP and then convince enough voters that the Conservatives had to go. With polls showing more than 60% of voters reporting it was "time for a change", the Liberals campaign theme was "choose change". The theme summarized the two-step strategy perfectly: first, boil the election down to a two-party choice and then cast the Liberals as a capable and trustworthy agent of change at a time when voters were fed up with the government.

After the sparse platform of 1999, the 2003 Liberal platform was a sprawling omnibus of public policy crossing five main policy booklets, three supplements aimed at specific geographic or industrial groups and a detailed costing exercise. The principle planks that were highlighted in the election were:

  1. Freezing taxes and balancing the books.
  2. Improving test scores and lowering class sizes in public schools.
  3. Reducing wait times for key health services.
  4. Improving environmental protection and quality of life.
  5. Repairing the divisions of the Harris-Eves era.

McGuinty backed up his comprehensive platform with a meticulous costing by a forensic account and two bank economists. While the Conservatives had adopted a third-party verification in 1995, they did not in 2003, allowing the Liberals to gain credibility that they could pay for their promises.

In contrast to the Eves campaign, where the leader was both positive and negative message carrier, the Liberals used a number of caucus members to criticize the Harris-Eves government while McGuinty was free to promote his positive plan for change.

The Liberal advertising strategy was highly risky. While conventional wisdom says the only way to successfully respond to a negative campaign is with even more negative ads against your opponent, McGuinty ran only positive ads for the duration of the campaign.

In the pre-writ period, the Liberal advertising Dalton McGuinty speaking to the camera, leaning against a tree while snow falls, saying "People hear me say that I'll fix our hospitals and fix our schools and yet keep taxes down. Am I an optimist? Maybe. What I'm not is cynical, or jaded, or tired. I don't owe favours to special interests or old friends or political cronies. Together, we can make Ontario the envy of the world, once again. And, I promise you this, no one will work harder than I will to create that Ontario."

During the first stage of the campaign, the principal Liberal ad featured a tight close-up of Dalton McGuinty as he spoke about his plans for Ontario. In the key line of the first ad, McGuinty looks into the camera and says "I won't cut your taxes, but I'm not going to raise them either."

Geographically, the Liberal campaign was able to rest on a solid core of seats in Toronto and Northern Ontario that were at little risk at the beginning of the election period. They had to defend a handful of rural seats that had been recently won and were targeted by the PCs. However, the principle battlefield of the election was in PC-held territory in the "905" region of suburbs around Toronto, particularly Peel and York districts, suburban seats around larger cities like Ottawa and Hamilton and in Southwestern Ontario in communities like London, Kitchener-Waterloo and Guelph.

NDP campaign

The 1999 NDP campaign received its lowest level of popular support since the Second World War, earning just 12.6% of the vote and losing party status with just nine seats. Several factors led to this poor showing, including a lacklustre campaign, Hampton's low profile and a movement called strategic voting that endorsed voting for the Liberals in most ridings in order to remove the governing Tories. After the election, there was a short-lived attempt to remove leader Howard Hampton publicly led by leaders of the party's youth wing. However, the majority of party members blamed the defeat on NDP supporters voting Liberal in hopes of removing Harris and the Tories from power. As a result, Hampton was not widely blamed for this severe defeat and stayed on as leader.

Under the rules of the Legislative Assembly, a party would receive "official party status", and the resources and privileges accorded to officially-recognized parties, if it had 12 or more seats; thus, the NDP would lose caucus funding and the ability to ask questions in the House. However, the governing Conservatives changed the rules after the election to lower the threshold for party status from 12 seats to 8. The Tories argued that since Ontario's provincial ridings now had the same boundaries as the federal ones, the threshold should be lowered to accommodate the smaller legislature. Others argued that the Tories were only helping the NDP so they could continue to split the vote with the Liberals.

During the period before the election, Hampton identified the Conservative plan for deregulating and privatizing electricity generation and transmission as the looming issue of the next election. With the Conservatives holding a firm market-oriented line and the Liberal position muddled, Hampton boldly focused the party's Question Period and research agendas almost exclusively on energy issues. Hampton quickly distinguished himself as a passionate advocate of maintaining public ownership of electricity generation, and published a book on the subject, Public Power, in 2003.

With the selection of Eves as the PC leader, the NDP hoped that the government's move to the centre in the spring of 2002 would reduce the polarization of the Ontario electorate between the PCs and Liberals and improve the NDP's standing. It was also hoped that the long-standing split between labour and the NDP would be healed as the bitter legacy of the Rae government faded.

The co-chairs of the NDP campaign were Diane O'Reggio, newly installed as the party's provincial secretary after a stint in Ottawa working for the federal party, and Andre Foucault, secretary-treasurer of the Communications Energy and Paperworkers union. The manager was Rob Milling, principal secretary to Hampton. Communications were handled by Sheila White and Gil Hardy. Jeff Ferrier was the media coordinator.

The NDP strategy was to present itself as distinct from the Liberals on the issue of public ownership of public services, primarily in electricity and health care, while downplaying any significant differences between the Liberals and PCs. There was a conscious effort to discourage "strategic voting" where NDP supporters vote Liberal to defeat the Conservatives. The NDP slogan was "publicpower", designed to highlight both the energy issue Hampton had championed and public health care, while promoting a populist image of empowerment for average people.

The NDP campaign was designed to be highly visual and memorable. Each event was built around a specific visual thematic. For instance, in the first week of the campaign, Hampton attacked the Liberal energy platform saying it was "full of holes" and holding up a copy of the platform with oversized holes punched in it. He also illustrated it "had more holes than Swiss cheese" by also displaying a large block of cheese. At another event, Hampton and his campaign team argued that the Liberal positions were like "trying to nail Jello to the wall" by literally attempting to nail Jello to a wall.

The first round of NDP ads avoided personal attacks, and cast leader Howard Hampton as a champion of public utilities. In one 30-second spot, Mr. Hampton talks about the effects of privatization of the power industry and the blackout. "For most of us, selling off our hydro was the last straw," he says. The clip is mixed with images of Toronto streets during power failure.

Geographically, the NDP campaign focused on targeting seats in Scarborough and Etobicoke in Toronto, Hamilton, Ottawa and Northern Ontario.

The writs

The first week of the campaign was dominated by the Conservatives, who launched a series of highly negative attacks at Liberal leader Dalton McGuinty while highlighting popular elements of their platform. On the Saturday of the first week, a round of media-sponsored public opinion polls showed the Liberals 12 point lead reduced to a tie between the Liberals and Conservatives. The Conservative strategy of "going negative" appeared to be working. Combined with Premier Eves' high-profile performance in the blackout, most media commentators believed the Liberals would have to also go negative.

As the campaign entered week 2, it was anticipated that the Liberals would push a series of highly negative ads to combat advertising by the Conservatives that attacked Dalton McGuinty. However, instead they went positive and stayed positive throughout the campaign. It was Eves who went on the defensive as the Liberals worked the media to put the Premier on his heels. Stung by years of arrogance by the PC Party toward reporters, the media were quick to pile on.

After the Liberals Gerry Phillips and Gerald M. Butts accused Eves of having no plan to pay for his $10.4 billion in promises, Eves stumbled when he could not provide his own cost for his promises. "I couldn't tell you off the top of my head," he admitted. Then came a story on the front of the Globe and Mail saying that Ontarians would have to pay "millions" in extra premiums because the election call had delayed implementation of new auto insurance regulations promised by Eves on the eve of the campaign. On Wednesday the government was broadsided when - days after a raid at a meat packing plant exposed the story state of public health at some abattoirs - leaked documents showed the PC government had been sitting on recommendations to improve meat safety, leading to calls for a public inquiry by the opposition parties. The issue was made worse when Agriculture Minister Helen Johns refused all media calls and had to be literally tracked down in her riding by reporters. On Thursday, according to the Green party candidate in Nipissing (Mike Harris's old riding), a donor with Tory connections offered him money to bolster his campaign and draw votes away from the Liberals. The same day, Eves attacked Dalton McGuinty for voting against a bill to protect taxpayers from increased taxes, when it turns out McGuinty in fact voted for that bill. Finally, on the Friday of the second week, the Eves campaign issued a bizarre press release calling Dalton McGuinty an evil reptilian kitten-eater from another planet. This moment would prove the defining moment of the campaign. First, it was so memorable and unusual that it served to attract the attention of all Ontarians, including those who don't pay attention to a campaign until its final days. Second, the over-the-top negativity brought to life a key critique of the Liberals, that the Harris-Eves Tories picked fights for no reason and went too far. Third, the hysteria around the comment put the Eves campaign on the defensive in the media at a critical point and prevented them from regaining their footing after a difficult week. Fourth, it polarized the election around the PCs and Liberals, and left the NDP on the sidelines. Finally, and perhaps most important, the Eves team was instantly at each other's throats over who would take the blame for approving the press release.

The Conservatives spent the third week on the defensive and dropping in the polls, unable to recover from the disasters of the second week and fresh new attacks. The Liberals produced documents from the Walkerton Inquiry showing that individual Conservative MPPs were warned about risks to human health and safety resulting from cuts to the Environment Ministry budget. An attack on Dalton McGuinty saying he needed "professional help" forced an apology from the Conservatives to people with mental illness. Tory MPP John O'Toole said the Tory negative campaign was a mistake, putting Eves on the defensive once again. A leaked memo was used by the opposition to accuse the government of threatening public sector workers into not telling the truth at a public inquiry into the government's handling of the SARS crisis. Eves ended the week with another event that backfired, brandishing barbed wire and a get out of jail free card to attack the Liberals as soft on crime. Reporters spent more time focused on Eves' first use of props in the election than on his message.

By the fourth week of the campaign, polls showed the Liberals pulling away from the Conservatives with a margin of at least 10 points. It was widely believed that only a disastrous performance in the leader's debate stood between Dalton McGuinty and the Premier's Office. McGuinty - who had stumbled badly in the 1999 debate - was able to play off low expectations and a surprisingly low-key Eves to earn the draw he wanted. The debate itself was also subject to criticism from the Green Party of Ontario, which denounced a Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission decision not to allow leader Frank de Jong to participate.

The final week of the campaign was marred by more negative attacks from Eves and the Conservatives. At one point, Premier Eves referred to Mr. McGuinty as having a "pointy head", a remark he later conceded was inappropriate. McGuinty was able to extend the bad press from the incident another day when he joked to radio hosts that they needed to be careful "so I won't spear you with my sharp pointy head." McGuinty spent the last days of the campaign travelling through previously rock solid PC territory in ridings like Durham, Simcoe and Leeds-Grenville to large crowds.

For its part, the Ontario New Democratic Party (NDP) led a theatrical campaign that proved ineffective. Leader Howard Hampton made an appearance in front of the Toronto home of millionaire Peter Munk to denounce Eves' tax breaks, claiming that they would save Munk $18,000 a year. He attempted to nail Jell-O to a wall to dramatize the elusiveness he accused his opponents of regarding hydro privatization. He also used a piece of Swiss cheese to suggest that his opponents' platforms were full of holes.


The campaign was contentious on the issues as well, with both the Liberals and Howard Hampton's New Democrats attacking the Tories' record in office. Various scandals and other unpopular moves reduced public opinion of the Tories going into the race, including the Walkerton water tragedy, the deaths of Dudley George and Kimberly Rogers, the possible sale of publicly owned electric utility Hydro One, the SARS outbreak, the decision to release the 2003 budget at an auto parts factory instead of the Legislature, the widespread blackout in August, and the Aylmer packing plant tainted meat investigation. As one Tory insider put it "So many chickens came to roost, its like a remake of The Birds".

One of the most contentious issues was education. All three parties pledged to increase spending by $2 billion, but Premier Eves also pledged to ban teacher strikes, lock-outs, and work-to-rule campaigns during the school year, a move the other parties rejected. Teacher strikes had plagued the previous Progressive Conservative mandate of Mike Harris, whose government had deeply cut education spending.

Tax cuts were also an issue. The Progressive Conservatives proposed a wide range of tax cuts, including a 20-percent cut to personal income taxes, and the elimination of education tax paid by seniors, two moves that would have cost $1.3 billion together. The Liberals and New Democrats rejected these cuts as profligate. The Liberals also promised to cancel some pending Tory tax cuts and to eliminate some tax cuts already introduced.


CBC Newsworld declared a Liberal victory minutes after ballot-counting began. Ernie Eves conceded defeat only ninety minutes into the count.

The Liberals won a huge majority with 72 seats, almost 70% of the 106 seat legislature. The Liberals not only won almost every seat in the city of Toronto, but every seat bordering on Toronto as well. All seven seats in Peel region went Liberal, as well as previously safe PC 905 seats like Markham, Oakville and Pickering-Ajax. The Liberals also made a major breakthrough in Southwestern Ontario, grabbing all three seats in London as well as rural seats like Perth-Middlesex, Huron-Bruce and Lambton-Kent. If the story of the PC majorities in 1995 and 1999 were the marriage of rural and small-town conservative bedrock with voters in the suburbs, the 2003 election was a divorce of those suburban voters from rural Ontario and a new marriage to the mid-town professionals and New Canadians who make up the Liberal base.

The NDP had a disappointingly confusing election: on one hand, they won seven seats, one fewer than the eight required to keep "official party status", which would give it a share of official Queen's Park staff, money for research, and guaranteed time during Question Period. On the other hand, they increased their share of the popular vote for the first time since 1990. Despite the mixed results, Hampton stayed on as party leader, saying that the party did not blame him for the poor performance in an election where voters were apparently more concerned about defeating the Tories by any means necessary than about voting their conscience. The party was returned to official party status seven months into the session, when Andrea Horwath won a by-election in Hamilton East on May 13, 2004.

The Tories were completely shut out of Toronto, where 19 out of 22 ridings were won by the Liberals, and the remaining three were carried by the New Democrats. Perhaps more ominously for the PCs, they were also shut out of any seats bordering Toronto; only in the outermost and most ethically homogenous suburbs like Aurora and Whitby were high-profile PC cabinet ministers able to retain their seats. With the arguable exception of Elizabeth Witmer, no PC member represents an urban riding. The PC caucus is now overwhelmingly older white men from rural ridings elected in 1995 and ideologically right-wing.

The 38th Parliament of Ontario opened on November 19, 2003 at 3 p.m. Eastern Time with a Throne Speech in which the McGuinty government laid out their agenda.

Student vote

High school students in every riding in Ontario were allowed to cast ballots in their classrooms as part of a student vote. While their numbers did not count in the official election, they did tell a story all on their own. The student vote reflected change a lot more than the actual result, as well as wide-spread anti-conservatism. 93 ridings favoured the Liberals in the student vote, nine favoured the New Democrats, and one favoured the Greens, while the Conservatives were shut out. There was also a vote for elementary students.

Provincial results

Party Party leader # of
Seats Popular vote
1999 Dissolution Elected % Change # % % Change Liberal Dalton McGuinty 103 35 36 72 align=right
2,090,001 46.4% align=right
Progressive Conservative Ernie Eves 103 59 56 24 -59.3% 1,559,181 34.6% -10.5% New Democrats Howard Hampton 103 9 9 7 -22.2% 660,730 14.7% align=right
Green Frank de Jong 102 - - - - 126,651 2.8% align=right
Family Coalition Giuseppe Gori 51 - - - - 34,623 0.8% align=right
Freedom Paul McKeever 24 - - - - 8,376 0.2% align=right
Communist Elizabeth Rowley 6 - - - - 2,187 0.05% align=right
Libertarian Sam Apelbaum 5 - - - - 1,991 0.04% -0.06% Confederation of Regions none (Richard Butson, de facto) 1 - - - - 293 0.01%   Independent & non-affiliated 24 - 1 - -100% 13,211 0.3% -0.3% Independent Renewal 10 - - - - 3,402 - - Independent Liberal 1 - - - - 3,259 - - Independent Reform 1 - - - - 586 - - Communist League 1 - - - - 204 - - Other independent 11 - - - - 5,760 - -
  Vacant 1  
Total   103 103 103 - 4,497,244 100%  


1 "Before" refers to the party standings in the Legislature at the end of the legislative session, and not to the standings at the previous election.

2 Richard Butson was the sole candidate for the Confederation of Regions Party.

3Ten candidates ran as "Independent Renewal" candidates. This was the Marxist-Leninist Party under another name.

4Candidates from the Independent Reform Party and Communist League also ran as independents.

5Costas Manios ran as an "Independent Liberal" candidate after being denied the opportunity to run for the Liberal Party nomination in Scarborough Centre. Outgoing MPP Claudette Boyer had sat in the house as an "Independent Liberal" from 2001 to 2003.

It is possible that some other candidates listed on the ballot as independents ran for unregistered parties.

The following table gives the number of seats each party won, and the number of ridings in which each party came second, third, and fourth:

Party Seats Second Third Fourth
Liberal 72 30 1 0 Progressive Conservative 24 57 22 0 New Democrats 7 16 78 2 Green 0 0 2 92 Family Coalition 0 0 0 7 Independent 0 0 0 1 Independent liberal 0 0 0 1

Riding results


Nepean—Carleton Rod Vanier
20,878 (35.65%)

John Baird
31,662 (54.06%) Liam McCarthy
3,828 (6.54%) Matt Takach
2,200 (3.76%)  

John Baird Ottawa Centre

Richard Patten
22,295 (45.1%) Joe Varner
11,217 (22.69%) Jeff Atkinson
11,362 (22.98%) Chris Bradshaw
3,821 (7.73%) Stuart Ryan
306 (0.62%)
Matt Szymanowicz
218 (0.44%)
Fakhry Guirguis
214 (0.43%)

Richard Patten Ottawa—Orléans

Phil McNeely
25,300 (50.36%) Brian Coburn
20,762 (41.32%) Ric Dagenais
2,778 (5.53%) Melanie Ransom
1,402 (2.79%)  

Brian Coburn Ottawa South

Dalton McGuinty
24,647 (51.7%) Richard Raymond
16,413 (34.43%) James McLaren
4,306 (9.03%) David Chernushenko
1,741 (3.65%) John Pacheco
562 (1.18%)

Dalton McGuinty Ottawa—Vanier

Madeleine Meilleur
22,188 (53.53%) Maurice Lamirande
10,878 (26.24%) Joseph Zebrowski
6,507 (15.7%) Raphael Thierrin
1,876 (4.53%)  

Claudette BoyerOttawa West—Nepean

Jim Watson
23,127 (47.04%) Garry Guzzo
20,277 (41.24%) Marlene Rivier
4,099 (8.34%) Neil Adair
1,309 (2.66%) Robert Gauthier
353 (0.72%)

Garry Guzzo

Eastern Ontario


Jean-Marc Lalonde
28,956 Albert Bourdeau
10,921 Guy Belle-Isle
2,544 Louise Pattington

Jean-Marc Lalonde Hastings—Frontenac—Lennox and Addington

Leona Dombrowsky
21,548 Barry Gordon
13,709 Ross Sutherland
4,286 Adam Scott
1,311 John-Henry Westen

Leona Dombrowsky Kingston and the Islands

John Gerretsen
28,877 Hans Westenberg
9,640 Janet Collins
5,514 Eric Walton
3,137 Chris Beneteau

John Gerretsen Lanark—Carleton Marianne Wilkinson
23,466 (38.79%)

Norm Sterling
29,641 (48.99%) Jim Ronson
3,554 (5.87%) John Baranyi
2,564 (4.24%) Jim Gardiner
1,275 (2.11%)

Norm Sterling Leeds—Grenville Stephen Mazurek

Bob Runciman
21,443 Steve Armstrong
2,469 Jerry Heath
1,799 Melody Trolly

Bob Runciman Prince Edward—Hastings

Ernie Parsons
22,937 John Williams
12,800 Jodie Jenkins
3,377 Joe Ross
628 Trueman Tuck

Ernie Parsons Renfrew—Nipissing—Pembroke Derek Nighbor

John Yakabuski
19,274 Felcite Stairs
5,092 Chris Walker

Sean ConwayStormont—Dundas—

Jim Brownell
19,558 Todd Lalonde
13,948 Matt Sumegi
1,639 Tom Manley
2,098 Gary Besner

John Cleary

Central Ontario

Barrie—Simcoe—Bradford Mike Ramsay

Joe Tascona
31,529 John Thomson
5,641 Stewart Sinclair
1,278 Roberto Sales

Joe Tascona Bruce—Grey—Owen Sound Dave Hocking

Bill Murdoch
23,338 Colleen Purdon
4,159 Martin Donald
769 Linda Freiburger
Bill Cook
(Ind - Independent Reform)

Bill Murdoch Dufferin—Peel—Wellington—Grey Dan Yake

Ernie Eves
29,222 Mitchel Healey
3,148 Frank de Jong
3,161 Dave Davies

Ernie Eves Durham Garry Minnie

John O'Toole
23,814 Teresa Williams
6,274 Gordon MacDonald
1,183 Cathy McKeever

John O'Toole Haliburton—Victoria—Brock Jason Ward

Laurie Scott
24,297 Earl Manners
7,884 Douglas Smith
1,183 Paul Gordon
Charles Olito

Chris HodgsonNorthumberland

Lou Rinaldi
20,382 Doug Galt
17,816 Murray Weppler
5,210 Derrick Kelly

Doug Galt Peterborough

Jeff Leal
24,626 Gary Stewart
18,418 Dave Nickle
9,796 Tim Holland
1,605 Max Murray
Bob Bowers

Gary Stewart Simcoe—Grey Mark Redmond

Jim Wilson
26,114 Leo Losereit
5,032 Geoffrey Maile
875 Steven Taylor
Philip Bender

Jim Wilson Simcoe North Paul Sloan

Garfield Dunlop
23,393 John Niddery
5,515 Nina Pruesse
1,540 Blaine Scott
Karnail Singh

Garfield Dunlop York North John Taylor

Julia Munro
24,517 Sylvia Gerl
4,029 Bob Burrows
1,854 Simone Williams

Julia Munro

Southern Durham & York


Tony Wong
27,253 David Tsubouchi
21,257 Janice Hagan
2,679 Bernadette Manning
824 Patrick Redmond

David Tsubouchi Oak Ridges Helena Jaczek

Frank Klees
32,647 Pamela Courtot
4,464 Steven Haylestrom

Frank Klees Oshawa Chris Topple

Jerry Ouellette
14,566 Sid Ryan
13,547 Karen Tweedle
636 Paul McKeever
Dale Chilvers

Jerry Ouellette Pickering—Ajax—Uxbridge

Wayne Arthurs
24,970 Janet Ecker
23,960 Vern Edwards
3,690 Adam Duncan

Janet Ecker Thornhill

Mario Racco
21,419 Tina Molinari
20,623 Laurie Orrett
2,616 Bridget Haworth
705 Lindsay King

Tina Molinari Vaughan—King—Aurora

Greg Sorbara
36,928 Carmine Iacono
21,744 Mike Seaward
4,697 Adrian Visentin

Greg Sorbara Whitby—Ajax Dennis Fox

Jim Flaherty
27,240 Dan Edwards
5,155 Michael MacDonald

Jim Flaherty

Downtown Toronto

Beaches—East York Monica Purdy
10,070 Angela Kennedy

Michael Prue
21,239 Tom Mason

Michael Prue Davenport

Tony Ruprecht
15,586 Tom Smith
1,977 Jordan Berger
7,243 Mark O'Brien
907 David Senater
Franz Cauchi
Nunzio Venuto

Tony Ruprecht Don Valley West

Kathleen Wynne
23,488 David Turnbull
17,394 Ali Naqvi
2,540 Philip Hawkins

David Turnbull Eglinton—Lawrence

Mike Colle
23,743 Corinne Korzen
12,402 Robin Alter
4,351 Mark Viitala

Mike Colle Parkdale—High Park

Gerard Kennedy
23,008 Stephen Snell
6,436 Margo Duncan
6,275 Neil Spiegel
2,758 Stan Grzywna
Karin Larsen
John Steele
(Ind [Communist League])
Dick Field

Gerard Kennedy St. Paul's

Michael Bryant
24,887 Charis Kelso
11,203 Julian Heller
6,740 Peter Elgie
2,266 Carol Leborg

Michael Bryant Toronto Centre—Rosedale

George Smitherman
23,872 John Adams
9,968 Gene Lara
9,112 Gabriel Draven
1,739 Philip Fernandez
(Ind [Independent Renewal])
Silvio Ursomarzo

George Smitherman Toronto—Danforth Jim Davidson
12,246 George Sardelis

Marilyn Churley
18,253 Michael Pilling
1,368 Masood Atchekzai
Mehmet Ali Yagiz

Marilyn Churley Trinity—Spadina Nellie Pedro
12,927 Helena Guergis

Rosario Marchese
19,268 Greg Laxton
2,362 Judson Glober
Nick Lin
(Ind [Independent Renewal])

Rosario Marchese York South—Weston

Joseph Cordiano
19,932 Stephen Halicki
4,930 Brian Donlevy
6,247 Enrique Palad
794 Mariangela Sanabria

Joseph Cordiano

Suburban Toronto

Don Valley East

David Caplan
21,327 Paul Sutherland
12,027 Murphy Browne
3,058 Dan Craig
558 Ryan Kidd
Wayne Simmons

David Caplan Etobicoke Centre

Donna Cansfield
22,070 Rose Andrachuk
17,610 Margaret Anne McHugh
3,400 Ralph M. Chapman

Chris StockwellEtobicoke—Lakeshore

Laurel Broten
19,680 Morley Kells
14,524 Irene Jones
8,952 Junyee Wang
708 Ted Kupiec
Janice Murray
(Ind [Independent Renewal])

Morley Kells Etobicoke North

Shafiq Qaadri
16,727 Baljit Gosal
6,978 Kuldip Singh Sodhi
3,516 Mir Kamal
503 Frank Acri
Teresa Ceolin

John HastingsScarborough—Agincourt

Gerry Phillips
23,026 Yolanda Chan
11,337 Stacy Douglas
2,209 Lawrence Arkilander
566 Tony Ieraci

Gerry Phillips Scarborough Centre

Brad Duguid
21,698 Marilyn Mushinski
11,686 Michael Laxer
3,653 Robert Carty
642 Costas Manios
(Independent Liberal)
Joseph Internicola
Elizabeth Rowley

Marilyn Mushinski Scarborough East

Mary Anne Chambers
21,798 Steve Gilchrist
14,323 Gary Dale
5,250 Hugh McNeil
668 Sam Apelbaum

Steve Gilchrist Scarborough—Rouge River

Alvin Curling
23,976 Kevin Moore
9,468 Jean-Paul Yovanoff
2,246 Karen Macdonald
1,326 Mitchell Persaud

Alvin Curling Scarborough Southwest

Lorenzo Berardinetti
17,501 Dan Newman
11,826 Barbara Warner
6,688 Andrew Strachan
689 Ray Scott

Dan Newman Willowdale

David Zimmer
21,823 David Young
19,957 Yvonne Bobb
3,084 Sharolyn Vettesse
933 Rina Morra
Vaughan Byrnes

David Young York Centre

Monte Kwinter
18,808 Dan Cullen
7,826 Matthew Norrish
3,494 Constantine Kristonis

Monte Kwinter York West

Mario Sergio
16,102 Ted Aver
2,330 Garth Bobb
3,954 Richard Von Fuchs
437 Christopher Black

Mario Sergio

Brampton, Mississauga & Oakville


Kuldip Kular
19,306 Raminder Gill
15,549 Cesar Martello
4,931 Ernst Braendli
1,176 Frank Chilelli
(Ind - Independent Renewal)
Howard Cukoff

Raminder Gill Brampton Centre

Linda Jeffrey
16,661 Joe Spina
15,656 Kathy Pounder
4,827 Sanjeev Goel
820 Wally Dove

Joe Spina Brampton West—Mississauga

Vic Dhillon
28,926 Tony Clement
26,414 Chris Moise
5,103 Paul Simas
811 Paul Micelli
John G. Purdy

Tony Clement Mississauga Centre

Harinder Takhar
18,466 Rob Sampson
15,846 Michael Miller
3,237 Jeffrey Scott Smith
776 John R. Lyall

Rob Sampson Mississauga East

Peter Fonseca
16,686 Carl DeFaria
13,382 Michael Hancock
2,479 Donald Barber
666 Gary Nail
Pierre Chenier
(Independent Renewal)

Carl DeFaria Mississauga South

Tim Peterson
17,211 Margaret Marland
16,977 Ken Cole
3,606 Pamela Murray
949 Alfred Zawadzki

Margaret Marland Mississauga West

Bob Delaney
27,903 Nina Tangri
20,406 Arif Raza
4,196 Richard Pereira
1,395 Charles Montano

John SnobelenOakville

Kevin Flynn
22,428 Kurt Franklin
18,991 Anwar Naqvi
2,858   Theresa Tritt

Gary Carr

Hamilton, Burlington & Niagara


Ted McMeekin
23,045 Mark Mullins
18,141 Kelly Hayes
5,666 Brian Elder Sullivan
903 Michael Trolly
Richard Butson

Ted McKeekin Burlington Mark Fuller

Cam Jackson
21,506 David Laird
3,832 Julie Gordon
1,086 Vic Corvaro

Cam Jackson Erie—Lincoln Vance Badawey

Tim Hudak
20,348 Julius Antal
3,950 Tom Ferguson
713 Steve Elgersma

Tim Hudak Halton Barbara Sullivan

Ted Chudleigh
33,610 Jay Jackson
5,587 Matthew Raymond Smith
1,295 Giuseppe Gori

Ted Chudleigh Hamilton East

Dominic Agostino
16,015 Sohail Bhatti
4,033 Bob Sutton
9,035 Raymond Dartsch
563 Bob Mann
Kelly Greenaway
(Independent Renewal)
Michael Izzotti

Dominic Agostino Hamilton Mountain

Marie Bountrogianni
23,524 Shakil Hassan
8,637 Chris Charlton
12,017 Selwyn Inniss
494 Eleanor Johnson

Marie Bountrogianni Hamilton West

Judy Marsales
15,600 Doug Brown
8,185 Roy Adams
13,468 Jo Pavlov
727 Lynne Scime
Jamilé Ghaddar
(Independent Renewal)

David ChristophersonNiagara Centre Henry D'Angela
12,526 Ann Gronski

Peter Kormos
23,289 Jordan McArthur

Peter Kormos Niagara Falls

Kim Craitor
18,904 Bart Maves
15,353 Claude Sonier
4,962 Ryan McLaughlin

Bart Maves St. Catharines

Jim Bradley
25,319 Mark Brickell
12,932 John Bacher
3,944 Jim Fannon
1,167 Linda Klassen

Jim Bradley Stoney Creek

Jennifer Mossop
24,751 Brad Clark
19,517 Lorrie McKibbon
5,419 Richard Safka

Brad Clark

Midwestern Ontario


Dave Levac
24,236 Alayne Sokoloski
13,618 David Noonan
5,262 Mike Clancy
1,014 John C. Turmel

Dave Levac Cambridge Jerry Boyle

Gerry Martiniuk
19,996 Pam Wolf
8,513 Michael Chownyk
983 Al Smith

Gerry Martiniuk Guelph—Wellington

Liz Sandals
23,607 Brenda Elliott
20,735 James Valcke
6,745 Ben Polley
3,917 Alan John McDonald

Brenda Elliott Haldimand—Norfolk—Brant Rob Esselment

Toby Barrett
20,109 Paul Steiner
4,720 Graeme Dunn
1,088 Barra L. Gots

Toby Barrett Huron—Bruce

Carol Mitchell
19,879 Helen Johns
16,594 Grant Robertson
4,973 Shelley Hannah
934 Dave Joslin
Robert Sabharwal

Helen Johns Kitchener Centre

John Milloy
18,280 Wayne Wettlaufer
16,210 Ted Martin
6,781 Luigi D'Agnillo

Wayne Wettlaufer Kitchener—Waterloo Sean Strickland

Elizabeth Witmer
23,957 Dan Lajoie
6,084 Pauline Richards
1,774 Lou Reitzel
Owen Alastair Ferguson
Julian Ichim
(Independent Renewal)

Elizabeth Witmer Oxford Brian Brown

Ernie Hardeman
18,656 Shawn Rouse
5,318 Tom Mayberry
838 Andre De Decker
Paul Blair
Kaye Sargent

Ernie Hardeman Perth—Middlesex

John Wilkinson
17,017 Bert Johnson
15,680 Jack Verhulst
4,703 John Cowling
1,201 Pat Bannon
Robert Smink

Bert Johnson Waterloo—Wellington Deborah Whale

Ted Arnott
22,550 Richard Walsh Bowers
3,970 Allan Strong
1,203 Gord Truscott

Ted Arnott

Southwestern Ontario


Pat Hoy
23,022 Dave Wilkinson
11,586 Derry McKeever
2,893 Jim Burgess
1,069 David Rodman

Pat Hoy Elgin—Middlesex—London

Steve Peters
24,914 Bruce Smith
13,149 Bryan Bakker
4,063 Mark Viitala
1,236 Ray Monteith

Steve Peters Essex

Bruce Crozier
20,559 Patrick O'Neil
11,234 Pat Hayes
12,614 Darren J. Brown

Bruce Crozier Lambton—Kent—Middlesex

Maria Van Bommel
18,533 Marcel Beaubien
15,060 Joyce Jolliffe
4,523 Tim Van Bodegom
1,133 James Armstrong
Wayne Forbes

Marcel Beaubien London North Centre

Deb Matthews
20,212 Dianne Cunningham
13,460 Rebecca Coulter
11,414 Bronagh Joyce Morgan
780 Craig Smith
Lisa Turner

Dianne Cunningham London—Fanshawe

Khalil Ramal
13,920 Frank Mazzilli
11,777 Irene Mathyssen
12,051 Bryan Smith
568 Mike Davidson

Frank Mazzilli London West

Chris Bentley
25,581 Bob Wood
15,463 Patti Dalton
7,403 Laura Wythe
805 Bill Frampton

Bob Wood Sarnia—Lambton

Caroline Di Cocco
18,179 Henk Vanden Ende
11,852 Glenn Sonier
6,482 Bradley Gray
1,414 Andrew Falby

Caroline Di Cocco Windsor—St. Clair

Dwight Duncan
19,692 Matt Bufton
4,162 Madeline Crnec
10,433 Chris Holt
1,315 Saroj Bains
(Independent Renewal)

Dwight Duncan Windsor West

Sandra Pupatello
21,993 Derek Insley
4,187 Yvette Blackburn
7,383 Cary M. Lucier
1,233 Enver Villamizar
(Independent Renewal)

Sandra Pupatello

Northern Ontario


Mike Brown
14,520 Terry McCutcheon
5,168 Peter Denley
9,459 Ron Yurick

Mike Brown Kenora—Rainy River Geoff McClain
6,746 Cathe Hoszowski

Howard Hampton
15,666 Dan King

Howard Hampton Nickel Belt Alex McCauley
13,759 Dave Kilgour

Shelley Martel
16,567 Robert Nevin

Shelley Martel Nipissing

Monique Smith
18,003 Al McDonald
14,978 Terry O'Connor
2,613 Jaimie Board

Al McDonald Parry Sound—Muskoka Dan Waters

Norm Miller
18,776 Jo-Anne Boulding
3,838 Glen Hodgson
2,277 Charlene Phinney

Norm Miller Sault Ste. Marie

David Orazietti
20,050 Bruce Willson
2,674 Tony Martin
11,379 Dan Brosemer
441 Al Walker

Tony Martin Sudbury

Rick Bartolucci
24,631 Mila Wong
5,068 Harvey Wyers
4,999 Luke Norton

Rick Bartolucci Thunder Bay—Atikokan

Bill Mauro
17,735 Brian McKinnon
5,365 John Rafferty
6,582 Kristin Boyer

Lyn McLeodThunder Bay—Superior North

Michael Gravelle
21,938 Brent Sylvester
2,912 Bonnie Satten
4,548 Carl Rose

Michael Gravelle Timiskaming—Cochrane

David Ramsay
18,499 Rick Brassard
6,330 Ben Lefebvre
5,741 Paul Palmer

David Ramsay Timmins—James Bay Michael Doody
12,373 Merv Russell

Gilles Bisson
14,941 Marsha Kriss

Gilles Bisson

By-elections since the general election

Hamilton East (called due to the death of Dominic Agostino, March 24, 2004), May 13, 2004: NDP Andrea Horwath 15,185 63.6 align="right"34.1 Liberal Ralph Agostino 6,362 26.6 -25.5 PC Tara Crugnale 1,772 7.4 -5.7 Green Raymond Dartsch 449 1.9 -0.4 Independent John C. Turmel 122 0.5 - Total 23,887

Dufferin—Peel—Wellington—Grey (resignation of Ernie Eves, February 1, 2005), March 17, 2005: PC John Tory 15,633 56.3 -0.3 Liberal Bob Duncanson 4,621 16.7 -12.1 NDP Lynda McDougall 3,891 14.0 align="right"7.9 Green Frank de Jong 2,767 10.0 align="right"3.9 FCP Paul Micelli 488 1.7 -0.6 Independent Bill Cook 164 0.6 - Libertarian Philip Bender 135 0.5 - Independent John C. Turmel 88 0.3 - Total 23,887

Scarborough—Rouge River (Called due to the resignation of Alvin Curling August 19, 2005. Held November 24, 2005

Toronto—Danforth (resignation of Marilyn Churley), March 30, 2006:

Whitby—Ajax (resignation of Jim Flaherty), March 30, 2006:

Nepean—Carleton (resignation of John Baird), March 30, 2006:

Parkdale—High Park (resignation of Gerard Kennedy): September 14, 2006

York South—Weston (resignation of Joe Cordiano), February 8, 2007:

Burlington (resignation of Cam Jackson), February 8, 2007:

Markham (resignation of Tony Wong), February 8, 2007:

See also

External links

General resources


Parties with seats in the house prior to dissolution

Other parties

Search another word or see Teresa Ceolinon Dictionary | Thesaurus |Spanish
Copyright © 2015 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature

By-election: Scarborough—Rouge River
Party Candidate Votes % style="width: 40px"
Liberal Bas Balkissoon 9,347 57.6 -6.2
Progressive Conservative Cynthia Lai 4,032 24.9 -0.3
New Democrat Sheila White 2,425 14.9 align=right
Green Steven Toman 167 1.2 -2.3 Libertarian Alan Mercer 100 0.6 - Family Coalition Rina Morra 93 0.6 -0.8 Freedom Wayne Simmons 59 0.4 -
NDP Peter Tabuns 13,064 47.8%
Liberal Ben Chin 10,636 38.9%
PC Georgina Blanas 2,713 9.9%
Green Paul Charbonneau 582 2.1%
Freedom Party Franz Cauchi 93 0.3%
PC Christine Elliott 15,843 46.2%
Liberal Judi Longfield 14,529 42.3%
NDP Julie Gladman 3,204 9.3%
Green Nick Boileau 307 0.9%
Freedom Party Paul McKeever 198 0.6%
PC Lisa MacLeod 17,311 57.6%
Liberal Brian Ford 9,457 31.4%
NDP Laurel Gibbons 2,489 8.3%
Green Peter Tretter 634 2.1%
NDP Cheri DiNovo 11,675 41.0 +25.2
Liberal Sylvia Watson 9,387 33.0 -24.8
PC David Hutcheon 4,921 17.3 +1.1
Green Frank De Jong 1,758 6.2 -0.7
Family Coalition Stan Grzywna 366 1.3 -0.2
Libertarian Jim McIntosh 162 0.6 -
Freedom Silvio Ursomarzo 111 0.4 0.0
Independent John C. Turmel 77 0.3
NDP Paul Ferreira 8,188 43.3 +24.0
Liberal Laura Albanese 7,830 41.4 -20.2
PC Pina Martino 1,941 10.3 -4.9
Green Mir Kamal 262 1.4 -1.1
Independent Kevin Clarke 220 1.2 +1.2
Independent Mohammed Choudhary 142 0.8 +0.8
Family Coalition Mariangela Sanabria 139 0.7 -0.8
Libertarian Nunzio Venuto 98 0.5 +0.5
Freedom Wayne Simmons 77 0.4 +0.4
PC Joyce Savoline 11,143 49.0 align="right"
Liberal Joan Lougheed 9,365 41.2 -1.0
NDP Cory Judson 1,310 5.8 -1.4
Green Frank de Jong 734 3.2 align="right"
Freedom Paul Micelli 106 0.5 align="right"
Independent John C. Turmel 90 0.4 align="right"
Liberal Michael Chan 9,080 49.3 -1.4
PC Alex Yuan 6,420 34.9 -5.4
NDP Janice Hagan 1,492 8.1 align="right"
Green Bernadette Manning 999 5.4 align="right"
Freedom Cathy McKeever 159 0.9 align="right"
Family Coalition Patrick Redmond 135 0.7 -0.6
Libertarian Jay Miller 126 0.6 align="right"