In its second appearance, the group branched out with the introduction of Wonder Girl, a character introduced for the group to serve as an analogue for Wonder Woman. In Donna Troy's wake, many additional new characters were introduced into the Titans team, many of which were not teenaged sidekicks to adult characters, most notably the college-aged heroes in the 1980 New Teen Titans revival Cyborg, Starfire, Beast Boy, and Raven.
While only a modest success with its original incarnation, the series became a huge hit with its 1980s revival, under the stewardship of writer Marv Wolfman and artist George Pérez. In 1980, the two relaunched Teen Titans as The New Teen Titans, aging the characters to young adulthood and featuring a level of complex storytelling and character exploration unheard of from DC Comics at the time. However, the departure of George Pérez from the book, the launch of a direct market-only Titans book, Marv Wolfman's own creative burnout (influenced partially by the departure of his longtime collaborator Perez), and editorial interference left the franchise decimated and the series was canceled in 1995 after 130 issues.
Since the cancellation of New Titans the concept has fluctuated in terms of success as creative teams have come and gone, though the most recent revival of the series has garnered both commercial and critical success. The animated television show, as well as the spin off comic, have also helped lead to a successful rejuvenation.
In The Brave and the Bold #60, the group officially debuted with the team officially named “The Teen Titans” and sporting a brand new member: Wonder Girl. The character of Donna Troy (Wonder Girl) was created explicitly for the Teen Titans group, as Wonder Woman had no teen sidekick at the time, though the name “Wonder Girl” itself had been regularly used for a variety of flashback tales of Wonder Woman's childhood exploits at the time. Readers never saw Donna Troy join the team, though in the story “Who is Wonder Girl?”, Marv Wolfman revealed that Donna had joined the group shortly after the defeat of Mr. Twister and was the one responsible for coming up with the “Teen Titans” name for the group, unconsciously inspired by her post-Crisis tenure as a young charge of the Titans of Myth.
After a final appearance in one of DC's anthology comic books, Showcase #59, the Teen Titans were spun off into their own series, with “Teen Titans” #1, cover-dated February 1966.
The series' original premise revolved around the Teen Titans helping teenagers, answering calls from around the world. Their first set of stories included saving a town from a band of thieves who were impersonating a popular surf-rock band while committing their crimes, helping a teenager's burglar brother reform, investigating international teen tension at the Japanese Olympics and vindicating a teenager who claims interdimensional aliens were infiltrating his high school. Green Arrow's sidekick Speedy also soon joined in Teen Titans #4 (and was later given “founder status” along with Robin, Wonder Girl, Aqualad and Kid Flash). Additional team members were created for membership, most notably Lilith Clay and Mal Duncan. Other existing heroes such as Hawk and Dove, a duo of teenaged superpowered brothers while Beast Boy of the Doom Patrol made a guest appearance seeking membership (though he was rejected for being too young at the time). Honorary members included Aquagirl and Gnaark.
The theme of teenagers learning to take on adult roles and responsibilities was common throughout the series. The series explored (though not too deeply) then current events such as inner-city racial tension and various protests against the Vietnam War. One storyline beginning in issue #25 (February 1970) saw the Titans deal with the accidental death of a peace activist, leading them to reconsider their methods. As a result, the Teen Titans briefly abandoned their identities to work as ordinary, powerless civilians, but the change was unpopular with fans and was quickly abandoned. Along the way, Aqualad was removed from the series and the character of Mr. Jupiter, who was Lilith's mentor and employer, was introduced and financially backed the Titans for a brief period. Ultimately the book was quietly canceled with #43 (February 1973).
A few years after its cancellation, the series resumed with issue #44 (November 1976), but struggled to find focus. The few stories from the brief revival included the introduction of the African-American super-heroine Bumblebee, the introduction of the “Titans West” team, consisting of a number of other teen heroes including Bat-Girl (Betty Kane) and Golden Eagle, and the introduction of Joker's Daughter in Teen Titans #48. The revival was short-lived, and the series was canceled as of #53 (February 1978). Tellingly, in the last issue the heroes realized that, now in their early 20s, they had simply outgrown the "Teen" Titans. In the last panel, without speaking, they go their separate ways.
The title was used again in 1999 for the Teen Titans Annual #1, 1967 issue (ISBN 1-56389-486-6), a one-shot special that reprinted selected Silver Age stories in the 1960s-style 80-Page Giant format, as a companion piece to the original comic book series, had an Annual issue been published at that time.
DC Comics Presents #26 introduced a team of new Titans, anchored by founding members Robin, Wonder Girl and Kid Flash, soon followed by The New Teen Titans #1 (November 1980).
It re-introduced the Doom Patrol's Beast Boy as Changeling and introduced the machine man Cyborg, the alien Starfire and the dark empath Raven. Raven, an expert manipulator, formed the group to fight her demonic father Trigon and the team remained together thereafter as a group of young adult heroes.
The villains' motivations were often complex, following trends that were coming to a head at that time towards greater depth in comics, particularly in the case of Deathstroke the Terminator, a mercenary who took a contract to kill the Titans in order to fulfill a job his son was unable to complete. This led to the Titans' most complex adventure in which a psychopathic girl named Terra, with the destructive power to manipulate earth and all-earth related materials, infiltrated the Titans in order to destroy them.
This story also featured Dick Grayson, the original Robin, adopting the identity of Nightwing, Wally West giving up on his Kid Flash persona and quitting the New Teen Titans which eventually led to him becoming the Flash, and the introduction of a new member in Jericho, the son of Deathstroke. New Teen Titans also regularly featured the Monitor as a background character.
Other notable New Teen Titans stories included "Terror of Trigon", which featured Raven's father, the evil interdimensional demon, Trigon the Terrible, attempting to take over Earth which led to most of Raven's struggle to remain good despite Trigon's evil demonic blood inside her, plaguing her; "A Day in the Life..." featured a day in the team members’ personal lives; "Who is Donna Troy?" depicted Robin investigating Wonder Girl's true identity and "We are Gathered Here Today..." telling the story of Wonder Girl's wedding, noteworthy for being the rare superhero wedding in which a fight didn't break out.
Tales of the New Teen Titans, a four-part limited series by Wolfman and Perez, was published in 1982, detailing the back stories of Cyborg, Raven, Starfire, and Changeling.
The New Teen Titans series experienced some title and numbering confusion in 1984 when the title was relaunched with a new #1 issue as part of a new initiative at DC informally referred to as "hardcover/softcover." The New Teen Titans, along with Legion of Super-Heroes and Batman and the Outsiders, were the first and only titles included in this program, where the same stories would be published twice, first in a more expensive edition with higher-quality printing and paper distributed exclusively to comic book specialty stores, then republished a year later in the original low-budget format and distributed to newsstands. The New Teen Titans (vol. 1) title was renamed Tales of the Teen Titans (not to be confused with the earlier limited series), while a new concurrently published series named The New Teen Titans (vol. 2) launched with a new #1. After both titles ran new stories for one year, the former book began reprinting the latter's stories for the newsstand, continuing until the "hardcover/softcover" idea was abandoned after Tales of the Teen Titans #91.
Issue #1 of New Teen Titans (vol. 2) created controversy when Dick Grayson and Starfire were depicted in bed together, although it had been established for some time that they were a couple. Pérez left the series after New Teen Titans (vol. 2) #5. José Luis Garcia Lopez followed Pérez as the title's artist, and Eduardo Barreto contributed a lengthy run after Garcia Lopez. Paul Levitz scripted and wrote several issues when Wolfman briefly took a break from the book. Pérez temporarly returned as co-plotter/penciller with issue #50, with the series name being amended to The New Titans (without the "Teen" prefix), as the characters were no longer teenagers.
Issue #50 told a new origin story for Wonder Girl, her link to Wonder Woman having been severed due to retcons created in the aftermath of Crisis on Infinite Earths. Pérez remained as penciller with the book through to issue #55, 57 and 60, while only providing layouts for issues #58-59, and 61, with artist Tom Grummett finishing pencils and Bob McLeod as inker. Perez remained as inker for the cover art to issues #62-67. He would return for the series final issue with #130 (Feb. 1996) providing cover art.
The series introduced a number of new characters and put older characters through radical changes during the next seven years. Members during this time included Phantasm, Pantha, Red Star, Impulse, Damage, Green Lantern (Kyle Rayner), Supergirl, Rose Wilson, Minion and Baby Wildebeest. As a result, the group that appeared in the final issue, #130 (February 1996), had little resemblance to the one that anchored DC's line-up in the early 1980s.
A new Teen Titans series written & penciled by Dan Jurgens began later that year with a new #1 (October 1996), with former New Teen Titans co-creator George Pérez as inker (Pérez would ink the first 15 issues of the series). Atom, who had become a teenager following the events of Zero Hour, leads the brand-new team, with Arsenal becoming a mentor about halfway through the twenty four-issue run, which ended in September 1998.
In an attempt to boost sales, a contest was held in the letter pages to determine who would join the team. Robin (Tim Drake), won the vote, but editors on the Batman titles banned Robin from appearing in the Teen Titans, forcing Jurgens to use Captain Marvel, Jr. instead. The inclusion of Captain Marvel, Jr failed to boost sales of the title, which was then canceled.
This incarnation of the team consisted of a mix of former original Titans, including Nightwing, Troia, Arsenal, Tempest and the Flash (Wally West), from the original team; Starfire, Cyborg and Changeling, from the New Teen Titans; Damage from the New Titans (the 1994 series); and Argent from the Teen Titans (the 1996 series). There was one new member, Jesse Quick. This version of the team lasted until issue #50 (2002).
The West Coast branch of the team, Titans L.A., appeared once, in the pages of Titans Secret Files #2.
Between the end of Teen Titans and the beginning of The Titans, the next generation of young heroes: Superboy, Robin, Impulse, Wonder Girl, Secret and Arrowette; formed their own team in Young Justice, a series similar to the original Teen Titans.
The series’ original lineup parallels the lineup of Marv Wolfman's New Teen Titans series: veteran members Cyborg, Starfire and Beast Boy return, joined by younger heroes Robin, Superboy, Wonder Girl and Kid Flash. Raven re-joins the team in issue #12, and the new Speedy joins the team in Green Arrow #46, first appearing in the Titans book in issue #21. Starfire left the Teen Titans for the Outsiders. During the “Insiders” crossover with The Outsiders (issues #24–25), Superboy comes under Lex Luthor's control and attacks the team, afterwards taking a leave of absence that ends during Infinite Crisis.
The new series sees the team’s relocation from the east to the west coast, its headquarters located in San Francisco instead of the traditional New York City location. The new Titans Tower also has a memorial hall with statues of the fallen Titans.
In the one year jump after Infinite Crisis, Robin has returned to the Teen Titans, Wonder Girl has quit and has been fighting the Brotherhood of Evil. Starfire is missing in action after her journey into space. Raven's whereabouts are unknown, and Beast Boy has left the Titans to join the new Doom Patrol, along with former Titans Bumblebee and Herald, now called Vox. Speedy is said to be currently on an island with Connor Hawke. Kid Flash has aged into adulthood and become the fourth Flash. Cyborg has been damaged and inactive since his return from space, but 16-year-old genius fraternal twins Wendy and Marvin, have repaired him and given him new abilities. New members include Kid Devil and Ravager.
During the lost year, at least 24 new members joined the team, all of them short-term. Without proper leadership or the feeling of family the Titans normally provides, none of the new members could get along and work together.
Robin, Kid Devil and Ravager reform the Teen Titans along with Raven, Wonder Girl, Cyborg, a resurrected Jericho and new member Miss Martian. Robin tells Wonder Girl that he believes Raven could bring Superboy back to life, as she did with Jericho. Raven, reveals that she can not because Conner's soul has moved on. A memorial to Superboy has been erected outside Titans Tower. Unknown to the other Titans, Robin has secretly been attempting to re-clone Superboy, with nearly 100 failed attempts. This was until Wonder Girl found the lab, where she and Robin shared an unexpected kiss brought on by their mutual pain.
The Titans face a group calling themselves "Titans East", led by Deathstroke and intent on defeating the Titans. Deathstroke's team includes Risk, Sun Girl, Batgirl, Kid Crusader, Match, Inertia, Duela Dent and Enigma. Deathstroke has been manipulating his Titans East, blackmailing Risk, drugging Batgirl, and giving Inertia "Velocity 9", a drug which allows him to regain his super-speed without adverse effects. Robin cures Batgirl, and she, along with Duela Dent, who defects, allows the Teen Titans to gain the upper hand, and defeat Deathstroke's team.
Discussing the story arc, Geoff Johns referred to Titans East as juvenile delinquents who will be causing trouble, and described Risk as the first white trash superhero.
Soon after, events related to the Countdown story arc affect the Titans. Two members, Duela Dent and Bart Allen are killed in separate events. At the same time, the team reorganizes. Cyborg leaves the team for his own pursuits, Supergirl joins the team, and Blue Beetle is invited to Titans Tower to train whenever he wants.
The Titans Tomorrow return, allied with Lex Luthor, and intent on altering the present to fit their future. During the fight, Miss Martian's future counterpart reveals the rationale behind the Sinestro Corps and their war to subjugate the universe. The vision spurs Miss Martian to act, and she frees Robin, who again confronts his future self, who has become Batman. Cassie intervenes, and changes the future by kissing Robin, causing the future versions to fade out. The Titans then join the fight against the Sinestro Corps.
After their encounter with their future selves, Supergirl quits after Wonder Girl confesses their friendship is based in her sense of missing Conner. Cassie and Tim begin a brief relationship, while Kid Devil pines for Rose. Miss Martian finds that her future self has implanted a piece of her demented psyche within M'Ganns mind. Kid Devil is left in Titans Tower alone and throws a massive party for local Titans fans, which leads to him being captured by Dreadbolt.
A week later, while Robin and Wonder Girl discuss Kid Devil's absence, Ravager and the twins are attacked inside the tower by Persuader and Copperhead, who are being directed by the Clock King. Disruptor is sent to capture Miss Martian. Clock King describes his group as Terror Titans, and intends to sell his captives to "The Dark Side Club to fight in arena combat. Though Ravager rescues the twins, she explodes the Tower in an effort to force her opponents to reveal Kid Devil's location. M'gann frees Kid Devil from Clock King's psychological conditioning. Robin, Wonder Girl, and Blue Beetle arrive, and help defeat the Terror Titans, freeing their teammates. Following the Terror Titans attack, Kid Devil sets out to capture Shockwave and is, to his dismay, helped by Blue Beetle. Although they don't get along and argue the whole time they eventually work out their problems and stop Shockwave, with the help of Kid Devil's new teleportation powers. After the battle Eddie takes the code name Red Devil, along with a new costume, assuring his teammates that the change is not in relation to his future counterpart. During some down time Marvin and Wendy find themselves tired of being the Titans "maids" and think about leaving when they find a dog on Titans' Island. The dog is quickly named Wonderdog. Miss Martian suddenly tells her teammates she has some issues to work out and leaves the team assuring them she'd be back. While searching the tower for Wonderdog, Wendy stumbles upon Marvin's dead body at the feet of a transformed Wonderdog. She tries to run and call for help but is mauled by the beast. Wonderdog then flees to his awaiting master, the son of Ares, King Lycus. Wendy survives the attack, but is left severely injured and apparently in a coma.
The line-up has changed in recent weeks and is still being fleshed out. Still on the team are Robin, Wonder Girl, and Kid Devil, who has now taken the name Red Devil, indicating that he's matured. Ravager will be joining the Terror Titans for reason of her own. Blue Beetle is now an official member of the team and there will be more added soon. It has been recently confirmed that Static will be joining the Titans soon, and Kid Eternity has been shown as a member in the DC Nation column.
A second ongoing Teen Titans series, titled Titans, launched in April 2008 and is written by Judd Winick. Issue one was drawn by Ian Churchill and Norm Rapmund, issue 2 by Joe Benitez and Victor Llamas. The opening storyline follows the events of the Teen Titans East Special one-shot that was released in November 2007, revealing all of the members of Cyborg's team survived the attack, except Power Boy, dead after being impaled. The team's new line up consists of former New Teen Titans Nightwing, Flash, Donna Troy, Beast Boy, Raven, Cyborg, Red Arrow, and Starfire.
In the first story arc of the series, Trigon makes a series of attacks on every member, former or current, of the Teen Titans, and Trigon has 'another child' that, unlike Raven, will assist him in his attack. After reclaiming Titans Island and establishing a headquarters on the East River, Cyborg set out to create an East Coast Titans team. However, during a training session the team was brutally massacred by an unseen evil force. Though Cyborg survived the attack, Titans members past and present were attacked by demonic entities across the globe. Raven, sensing Trigon's presence once again, called upon her former Titans allies to defeat her fiendish father.
But after rescuing several Titans and questioning Trigon himself, the Titans learned that Trigon himself was not behind the attacks but rather has three children to prepare his second invasion for him. After investigating potential carriers of his children, the Titans realize the bestial assaults were actually orchestrated by Raven's three grown half brothers – Jacob, Jared and Jesse. Working together as a team, the Titans thwarted the Sons of Trigon and prevented Trigon's invasion plan. Following this adventure, Raven chose her adopted family over her biological family and Red Arrow decided to join his former teammates (although both he and Flash retain their JLA membership) - and the Titans were together as a team once again.
Following this, the team has settled themselves down at Titans Tower (supposedly the New York base), where they attempt to recover from recent events. While Dick and Kory attempt to make a decision on where their current relationship will lead, Raven and Beast Boy go out together on a "not-a-date". During this, Raven reveals that since she faced his brothers, she has begun to feel as if she is losing control and slipping back under the thrall of her father's powers. Although Beast Boy rejects the idea, he is unexpectedly blind-sighted as Raven gives into her darker side, under the influence of her half-brother's coaxing. Using her teleporting powers, she and the Sons of Trigon vanish, leaving a distraught Beast Boy behind to warn the others.
|Showcase Presents Teen Titans Vol. 1||The Brave and the Bold vol. 1, #54 & #60|
Teen Titans vol. 1, #1–18
|Showcase Presents Teen Titans Vol. 2||Teen Titans vol. 1, #19–36|
The Brave and the Bold vol. 1, #83 and 94
World's Finest Comics #205
|The Silver Age Teen Titans Archives Vol. 1||The Brave and the Bold vol.1, #54 & #60 |
Teen Titans vol. 1, #1–5
|Teen Titans Annual #1, 1967 issue (published 1999)||Showcase (vol. 1) #59 |
Teen Titans (vol. 1) #4
The Flash (vol. 1) #164
Wonder Woman (vol. 1) #144
|DC Archives: The New Teen Titans Vol. 1||DC Comics Presents #26 |
The New Teen Titans vol. 1, #1–8
|DC Archives: The New Teen Titans Vol. 2||The New Teen Titans vol. 1, #9–16 |
Best of DC (Blue Ribbon Digest) #18.
|DC Archives: The New Teen Titans Vol. 3||The New Teen Titans vol. 1, #17–20 |
Tales Of The New Teen Titans #1–4 .
|DC Archives: The New Teen Titans Vol. 4||The New Teen Titans vol. 1, #21–27 |
New Teen Titans Annual #1.
|Terra Incognito||The New Teen Titans vol. 1, #28–34, select pages from #26 |
|The Judas Contract||The New Teen Titans vol. 1, #39–40 |
Tales of the Teen Titans #41–44
|The Terror of Trigon||The New Teen Titans vol. 2, #1–5||134||ISBN 1563899442|
|Who is Donna Troy?||The New Teen Titans vol. 1, #38 |
Tales of the Teen Titans #50
The New Titans #50-54, select pages from New Titans #55
The "Who Was Donna Troy" back-up story from Teen Titans/Outsiders Secret Files 2003.
|JLA/Titans: The Technis Imperative||JLA/Titans #1–3 |
Titans Secret Files #1
|Titans/Young Justice: Graduation Day||Titans/Young Justice: Graduation Day #1–3 |
(see also The Death and Return of Donna Troy below)
|Vol. #||Title||Collected material||Pages||ISBN#|
|1||A Kid's Game|| Teen Titans vol. 3, #1–7 |
Teen Titans/Outsiders Secret Files 2003
|2||Family Lost|| Teen Titans vol. 3, #8–12 |
Teen Titans #1/2
|3||Beast Boys and Girls|| Beast Boy #1–4 (1999 limited series) |
Teen Titans vol. 3, #13–15
|4||The Future is Now|| Teen Titans/Legion Special |
Teen Titans vol. 3, #16–23
|Teen Titans/Outsiders: The Insiders||Teen Titans vol. 3, #24–26 |
Outsiders #24–25, 28
|Teen Titans/Outsiders: The Death and Return of Donna Troy|| Titans/Young Justice: Graduation Day #1–3 |
Teen Titans/Outsiders Secret Files 2005
DC Special: The Return of Donna Troy #1–4
|5||Life and Death||Teen Titans vol. 3, #29–33 |
Teen Titans Annual #1
|6||Titans Around the World||Teen Titans vol. 3, #34–41||192||ISBN 1-40121-217-4|
|7||Titans East||Teen Titans vol. 3, #42–47||144||ISBN 1-40121447-9|
|8||Titans of Tomorrow||Teen Titans vol. 3, #50–54||144||ISBN 1401218075|
The team's first animated appearance was in Teen Titans segments of the 1967 Filmation series The Superman/Aquaman Hour of Adventure, featuring Speedy, Kid Flash, Wonder Girl, and Aqualad. They are voiced by Pat Harrington, Jr., Tommy Cook, Julie Bennett and Jerry Dexter.
For five seasons, from 2003 until 2006, a Teen Titans animated series was produced. Briefly airing on Kids' WB, Teen Titans premiered on and currently airs on Cartoon Network. Many episodes were based on beloved storylines like the Wolfman/Perez era The Judas Contract and The Terror of Trigon although some elements such as the romances between Starfire and Robin were dropped due to the characters' ages in the new show. The show was drawn in an anime-style based art form. The main characters are Robin, Starfire, Cyborg, Raven and Beast Boy. Many other Titans comic book characters appear, including Aqualad, Speedy, Deathstroke (named Slade), Bumblebee, Wildebeest and Terra. Other characters have been specifically created for the show, including Más y Menos (who were subsequently adopted into the mainstream comic series), Mumbo and Mother Mae-Eye.
The series was canceled after five seasons, with the final episode airing January 16 2006. A direct-to-DVD movie, Teen Titans: Trouble in Tokyo, premiered on Cartoon Network September 15 2006 at 7pm. Three video games were made based on the show.