Taymyr Peninsula

Taymyr Peninsula

Taymyr Peninsula or Taimyr Peninsula, northernmost projection of Siberia, N Krasnoyarsk Territory, N central Siberian Russia, between the estuaries of the Yenisei and Khatanga rivers and extending into the Arctic Ocean. Cape Chelyuskin at the tip of the peninsula is the northernmost point of the Asian mainland. The peninsula, covered mostly with tundra and drained by the Taymyra River, was formerly most of the Taymyr Autonomous Area, 332,857 sq mi (862,100 sq km); the region also included the islands between the Yenisei and Khatanga gulfs, the northern parts of the Central Siberian Plateau, and the Severnaya Zemlya archipelago. The capital was Dudinka. The economy of the area depends on mineral and oil extraction, fishing, and dairy and fur farming as well as such traditional activities as reindeer raising and trapping. Formed in 1930, the autonomous area was merged into Krasnoyarsk Territory in 2007.

Peninsula, north-central Siberia, northern Russia. It lies between the Kara Sea, the Laptev Sea, and the Vilkitsky Strait and includes Cape Chelyuskin, the northernmost point of Asia. Its central part is crossed by the Taymyra River, which is 400 mi (644 km) long. It occupies an area of approximately 150,000 sq mi (400,000 sq km). The Byrranga Mountains, in its centre, reach a height of about 3,800 ft (1,150 m).

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Taymyr Peninsula (Полуостров Таймыр, Таймырский полуостров) is a peninsula in Siberia that forms the most northern part of mainland Asia. It lies between the Yenisei Gulf of the Kara Sea and the Khatanga Gulf of the Laptev Sea in Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia.

Lake Taymyr and the Byrranga Mountains are located within the vast Taymyr Peninsula.

The peninsula is the site of the last known naturally occurring muskox outside of North America, which died out about 2,000 years ago. They were successfully reintroduced in 1975.

Cape Chelyuskin, the northernmost point of the Eurasian continent, is located at the northern end of the Taymyr Peninsula.

Population

The isolated location of Nganasan people enabled them to maintain shamanistic practices even in the 20th century.

Economy

MMC Norilsk Nickel conducts mining operations in the area. The company conducts smelting operations in the area of the city of Norilsk, near the peninsula. The nickel ore concentrate and other products of the company are transported over a short railroad to the port city of Dudinka on the Yenisei River, and from there by boat to Murmansk and other ports.

Climate

The coasts of the Taymyr Peninsula are frozen most of the year; between September and June on average. The summer season is short, especially in its northeastern shores (Laptev Sea).

The climate in the interior of the penisula is continental. Winters are harsh, with frequent blizzards and extremely low temperatures.

References

Bibliography

External links

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