Tatar Strait

Tatar Strait

Tatar Strait, narrow body of water, c.350 mi (560 km) long and from 5 to 80 mi (8-129 km) wide, S Russian Far East, between the island of Sakhalin and the Asian mainland. It connects the Sea of Japan, in the south, with the Sea of Okhotsk, in the north. Sovyetskaya Gavan, a fishing port, naval base, and terminus for the Baykal-Amur Mainline (BAM) is on the strait. Pipelines across the strait link Sakhalin's oil fields with mainland refineries.

Wide passage in the northwestern Pacific Ocean, connecting the Sea of Japan (East Sea) and the Sea of Okhotsk. Located between Sakhalin Island and Russia's Far East mainland, it is generally shallow, with depths less than 700 ft (210 m). Ice impedes its ports for half the year.

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Strait of Tartary (Gulf of Tartary, Gulf of Tatary, Tatar Strait, Tartar Strait, Strait of Tartar, also Chinese: 韃靼海峽 , Japanese: 間宮海峡, Mamiya Strait, Russian Татарский пролив, Strait of Nevelskoy) is a strait in the Pacific Ocean dividing the Russian island of Sakhalin from mainland Asia (South-East Russia), connecting the Sea of Okhotsk on the north with the Sea of Japan on the south. It is 900 km long, 4-20 m deep, and 7.3 km wide at the narrowest point.

On Russian maps, Strait of Tartary's narrowest point is called Strait of Nevelskoy (Пролив Невельского), in memory of Capt. Gennady Nevelskoy who discovered that the strait of Tartary is connected with the estuary of the Amur River and thus is in fact a strait, and not a gulf.

The name Tartary named after the Tartars, an archaic name for various peoples of Inner Asia and Northern Asia. In this case it refers to the various peoples of Manchuria, which was historically called East Tartary in the English language.

In Japan, the strait is named after Mamiya Rinzo, who traveled to the strait in 1808 whereof the name was introduced by Philipp Franz von Siebold in his book Nippon: Archiv zur Beschreibung von Japan (1832-54), while Russian authors prefer to name it after Admiral Gennady Nevelskoy, who explored the area in 1848.

Strait of Tartary is also a poem by Walter de la Mare, in which he speaks about Tartary as a land in Asia north of China.

Now-a-days, a rail ferry operates across the strait, connecting the port of Vanino on the mainland with Kholmsk on Sakhalin Island.

Trivia

A reference was made to this strait in the 2003 film The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen.

References

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