is the capital and largest town of the Indonesian province
of Riau Islands
. The city with 150,000 residents ) and is a trading port between islands in the Riau archipelago. Tanjung Pinang is located on Bintan
island and it has ferry
connections to Batam
(40km away), and Johor Bahru
and is an international entry/exit point.
Tanjung Pinang is the biggest city on Bintan Island and the capital of, as well as, the administration center of Riau Islands province of Indonesia
Bintan was a political center for over 500 years ago, when the Portuguese
won the battle of Malacca
and the Sultan Mahmud
of Malacca fled to Bintan and created a resistance against the Portuguese very hostile expansion.
Later Bintan was the capital of the Johor Sultanate, in southern Malaysia. Tanjung Pinang has always played a leading role in Malay culture. Bintan became a powerful trading port, attracting regional, Western, Indian and Chinese traders as well as migrants including Chinese much in the same way Malacca had developed into a regional power three centuries earlier.
The Indonesian national hero Raja Haji died during the battle of Malacca against the Dutch in 1784. He was a famous Malayan king and had his palace (istana) on the island Penyengat off Tanjung Pinang.
The cultural center for stage performances of Malay music and dances is located in Tanjung Pinang. The center organizes regularly festivals and other performance. Culture happenings such as music and dance. Renowned Buddhist
temples are located outside central Tanjung Pinang in a small town named Senggarang.
The old ruler's palace and royal tombs, among them the grave of the respected Raja Ali Haji, who also was creater and author of the first Malay Language grammar book, are among the legacies left by the Riau sultanate. Still in use is the old vice-royal mosque, the Mesjid Raya.
Raja Haji Fisabillah Monument
The 28-metre tall Raja Haji Fisabillah Monument raised in memory of national hero Raja Haji who died during the battle of Malacca against the Dutch in 1784. He was a famous Malayan king and had his castle on Penyengat island outside Tanjung Pinang.