Colonel (ret.) Tandja Mamadou (born 1938 in Maïné-Soroa, Niger) is a Nigerien politician and current President, as well as the chairman of economic organization ECOWAS. His name is sometimes reported as "Mamadou Tandja," which is not used by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
In 1991, Tandja emerged as the head of one of two powerful factions in the ruling National Movement of the Development Society (Mouvement National pour la Societé de Développement, MNSD), and at a party congress held in November 1991, he was elected as MNSD President. Tandja's obtaining of the party leadership over rival faction leader Moumouni Adamou Djermakoye marked a departure from the traditional dominance of the party by Djermakoye's Zarma (Djerma) ethnic group.
Tandja participated in an opposition protest against the government of the Alliance of the Forces of Change ruling coalition on April 16 1994 and was arrested along with 90 others. Ousmane was overthrown in a military coup led by Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara on January 27, 1996.
Niger was heavily in debt and was not receiving any foreign aid due to the 1996 coup and subsequent suspension of democratic institutions. Tandja focused on economic development, negotiating with the civil service unions and with foreign donors. Many did not approve of Tandja's measures in reducing government spending. In 2001, students at the University of Niamey staged violent protests against the reduction of their government grants. On July 31 2002, some soldiers in Diffa started a mutiny demanding pay and improved living conditions; this briefly spread to Niamey a few days later. Loyalists defeated the mutineers and restored peace by August 9, but Tandja came under political fire for his decrees blocking communication about the rebellion.
Although there had been speculation about a possible constitutional change to enable Tandja to run again in 2009, he said in an interview with Le Monde, published on October 6 2007, that he intended to step down at the end of his second term.
President Tandja: 'The people of Niger look well fed, as you can see' Mamadou Tandja, President of Niger, denies claims of famine in his country
Aug 10, 2005; The little boy lies on the blanket at a relief centre wrapped in his own pain, lost to the world. The doctors are uncertain...
President Mamadou Tandja reiterates praise for efforts of Leader of the Revolution that restored peace and stability in Niger.
Jan 15, 2010; Niamey, 15.01.2010 (JANA) President Mamadou Tandja reiterated profound appreciation and pride for efforts of the Leader of...
President '' Tandja '' Declares General Amnesty for Former Armed Factions and Groups in Northern Niger That Declared Peace Yielding to the Leader's Appeal Second addendum.
Oct 24, 2009; Niamey: 24. 10. 2009 The celebration held on the 11th of this month in Aghades where armed groups in northern Niger gave up their...