The Arthropod body plan has undergone various forms of regional specialisation or tagmosis to produce segment groups specialised for different functions. As previously stated these specialised regions are called tagmata. Tagmosis is an extreme form of heteronomy, mediated by Hox genes and the other developmental genes they influence.
Tagmosis varies among the arthropod groups:
Trilobitomorpha- an extinct arthropodic group contains three tagmata- the cephalon (head), thorax and pygidium
Crustacea- also contain three tagmata- the head (cephalon), thorax and abdomen
Hexapoda- also contain three tagmata- the head, thorax and abdomen
Myriapoda- contain 2 tagmata- cephalon and trunk
Cheliformes- contain 2 tagmata- prosoma and opisthosoma
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