TAP Portugal (formerly known as TAP Air Portugal & Transportes Aéreos Portugueses Portuguese Air Transportations) is the national airline of Portugal, based in Lisbon (Portela Airport) and is a member of the Star Alliance. It operates to destinations in Europe, Africa and North, Central and South America. Its current Chief Executive Officer is Fernando Pinto.
The one-millionth passenger flew on TAP on June 19, 1964, 18 years after the airline began operations. In 1969, service to New York via Santa Maria Island in the Azores began. Boston was added to the New York service the following year. In 1975, TAP was nationalized, becoming a state-owned corporation (Empresa Pública) and changing its name to TAP Air Portugal in March 1979. TAP purchased Boeing 747s during the 1970s, replacing their Boeing 707s; but they were eventually sold due to lack of demand. They were replaced by Lockheed TriStars and Airbus A310s on long-haul routes. By the late 1990s, TAP had expanded its fleet by selling its older Boeing 727s and Boeing 737s, and had replaced them with Airbus A319, A320 and A321 aircraft. The TriStars were sold to Air Luxor and were replaced by more capable Airbus A340s giving TAP a large fleet of Airbus-only aircraft.
In 1989, the service to Newark, New Jersey was introduced and in 1991, the service to Berlin was started. Also in 1989, TAP became a publicly-traded company (Sociedade Anónima). In 1993, TAP began flying to Tel Aviv. In 1994, TAP signed for a code sharing arrangement with Delta Air Lines for North Atlantic service. This agreement ended in 2005.
1996 saw the introduction of service to Boston via Terceira Island in the Azores, the inauguration of service to Macau and the launch of TAP's Website. In 1997, service began to Punta Cana and Bangkok. Flights to Bangkok and Macau were discontinued in 1998.
In 2005, TAP Portugal became the 16th member of Star Alliance. TAP Air Portugal was re-branded as TAP Portugal in February 2005, employing 9,750 staff. TAP also ended its code-sharing agreement with Delta Air Lines and began a new agreement with United Airlines, as part of its membership in the Star Alliance. Under this agreement United's code (UA) is placed on TAP Portugal's transatlantic flights and some African flights, and TAP Portugal's code (TP) is placed on United flights.
On November 6, 2006, TAP Portugal signed a deal with Espírito Santo International for the acquisition of 99.81 per cent of the Portuguese regional airline Portugália. Whether Portugália will join Star Alliance as a regional member or merge its operations with TAP remains unclear.
The subsidiaries of TAP Portugal are:
Former subsidiaries include:
On the medium-haul fleet of Airbus A319, Airbus A320 and Airbus A321, the cabin features leather seats with an in-flight entertainment (IFE) system of several LCD screens that are extended from the cabin ceiling. The Top Executive class, on the other hand, offers better privacy and a gourmet meal.
On the long-haul fleet of Airbus A330 and Airbus A340 aircraft, the cabin is divided into a two-class layout. The Economy Class of the Airbus A330 is equipped with individual LCDs with touchscreen and a complete IFE on new aircraft, while the older ones feature an average IFE and less-updated individual screens.
In Top Executive class, seats are capable of turning into lie-flat beds. New Airbus A330 aircraft are also fitted with extra functions.
|Airbus A319-100||19||132||Domestic and European|
|Airbus A320-211||4 ||156||Domestic and European||Exit from service in 2009: CS-TNA,CS-TNB,CS-TNE,CS-TNO|
|Airbus A320-214||11 |
(6 orders leased)
|156||Domestic and European||Deliveries: 6 in 2009, 6 in 2011, 2 in 2012 |
One (CS-TNP) in Star Alliance livery
|Airbus A321-200||3||194||Domestic and European|
|Airbus A330-202||5 ||268 (24/244)||Azores, North and South American||New AVOD system in Economy and Business|
|Airbus A330-223||7 ||263 (24/239)||Azores, North and South American||One (CS-TOH) in Star Alliance livery |
Old AVOD in Economy and new AVOD system in Business
|Airbus A340-300||4||274 (36/238)||African, North and South American||Exit from service 2014|
|Airbus A350-800||(8 orders) |
|287 (estimated)||International||Entry in service: 2014 |
|Airbus A350-900||(4 orders)||314 (estimated)||International||Entry in service: 2014 |
|Embraer ERJ 145 EP||8||45||Domestic and European||Portugália fleet|
|Fokker 100||6||97||Domestic and European||Portugália fleet|
|Beechcraft 1900||2||19||Spain||PGA Express fleet|
The following is a list of aircraft that TAP Portugal used to operate since it began operations in 1945, and are now no longer with the fleet.
Note: This list includes Star Alliance (SA) partners.